Cdc Does Not Routinely Recommend A Menb Vaccine For All Teens And Young Adults However All Teens May Get Vaccinated Preferably At 16 To 18 Years Old
Serogroup B meningococcal disease is relatively rare. Outbreaks have occurred at several U.S. colleges during the past decade. CDCs current recommendation gives people access to MenB vaccines to help prevent this uncommon, but serious illness. However, doctors and parents should discuss the risk of the disease and weigh the risks and benefits of vaccination. Available data suggest these vaccines are safe and provide protection, but that protection decreases fairly quickly after vaccination.
Are There Any Adults Who Should Not Get The Meningococcal Vaccine
You shouldn’t get either type of meningococcal vaccine if you:
- Are moderately or seriously ill wait until you recover.
- Have had a serious allergic reaction to a previous dose
- Had a severe reaction to any part of the vaccine
If you are pregnant or have other concerns, ask your doctor which meningitis vaccine is right for you.
What Are The Side Effects
About half of people who get a MenACWY vaccine have mild side effects following vaccination:
- Redness or pain where they got the shot
These reactions usually get better on their own within 1 to 2 days, but serious reactions are possible.
Following a MenB shot, more than half of people who get the vaccine will have mild problems:
- Soreness, redness, or swelling where you got the shot
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Vaccine Side Effects Vs Adverse Events
People often talk about vaccine side effects and adverse events interchangeably. However, it may be more precise to think about common, mild vaccine side effects versus very rare, much more medically significant, adverse events.
Alternatively, one can think of a spectrum, with very mild side effects being the most common, more bothersome side effects being less common, and very medically significant adverse events being extremely uncommon.
Common side effects occur in more than 1 in 100 people. On the other extreme, significant adverse events may occur in 1 in 100,000 people or even 1 in 1,000,000.
Mild vaccine side effects are to be expected in many people . True adverse events, in contrast, are much more unexpected and idiosyncratic.
A truly significant adverse event is a sign that something has gone wrong with a persons response to vaccination, leading to serious symptoms. But some vaccine side effects may actually indicate that the vaccination process is working.
What Are The Symptoms Of Meningitis
Meningitis, according to the CDC, is an inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Classic symptoms include:
Its important to remember too that a person with bacterial meningitis may not have all or even any of the classic symptoms above. Doctors diagnose meningitis by extracting and testing fluid from around your spine through a lumbar puncture and blood tests.
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Is N Meningitidis The Only Thing That Causes Meningitis
Sadly, no. There are other bacteria, like Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, that can cause bacterial meningitis.
Furthermore, not all meningitis is bacterial. Viruses, like measles or influenza, can cause meningitisalbeit an often less severe form of the illness. Finally, rare versions of meningitis can result from infections by parasites, fungi, or amoebas. Although meningitis can result from all sorts of causes, this article focuses on N. meningitidis and the meningococcal vaccines.
H Influenzae Type B Vaccine
This vaccine protects against H. influenzae type b bacteria, which can cause a range of mild to severe illnesses. These include throat swelling, blood infections and pneumonia.
Before the vaccine, Hib was a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under age 5.
- Hib vaccine is to infants in three to four doses, starting at 2 months old. In rare cases, it may be recommended for older children and young adults with HIV. The vaccine can be given with other vaccines.
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Possible Side Effects From Vaccines
Any vaccine can cause side effects. For the most part these are minor and go away within a few days. Listed below are vaccines licensed in the United States and side effects that have been associated with each of them. This information is copied directly from CDCs Vaccine Information Statements , which in turn are derived from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendations for each vaccine.
Remember, vaccines are continually monitored for safety, and like any medication, vaccines can cause side effects. However, a decision not to immunize a child also involves risk and could put the child and others who come into contact with him or her at risk of contracting a potentially deadly disease.
Do You Know What Side Effects Meningitis Vaccine Has Here We Give You A Detailed Description Bonus Know Who Should Avoid This Vaccine
Meningitis is a condition that involves the inflammation of the lining of the brain, also called the meninges. It may be caused by a bacterial, fungal, or viral infection, which can develop into potentially fatal condition. Late diagnosis and treatment may result in permanent disability , coma, or death. To prevent bacterial meningitis such as that associated with meningococcemia, experts recommend receiving a meningitis vaccine. In this case, knowing the meningitis vaccine side effects beforhand is vital.
Meningococcemia or meningococcal disease is an infection caused by meningococcus bacteria. These bacteria spread by close or direct contact with someone who is infected. Early symptoms resemble a flu infection or a cold, but the disease becomes rapidly more severe, with symptoms like high fever, fatigue, headaches, stiff neck, and body aches. The infection spreads through the blood and can affect the brain meninges, resulting in meningitis.
To prevent meningococcal disease and meningitis, one should receive a meningitis vaccine, consisting of either a Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or a Meningococcal conjugate vaccine , both offered in the US. Although the vaccine itself does not cause meningococcal infection, it can cause some adverse side effects which are often mild. However, in some people, side effects may be more severe.
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Fainting Can Be Common Among Adolescents After Vaccination
Reports from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System shows that fainting after vaccinations is common in adolescents. One study of VAERS reports found that 62% of syncope reports were among adolescents 11 to 18 years old. However, because syncope may not always be reported, VAERS data cannot be used to determine how often fainting happens after vaccination.
About The Meningitis Vaccine
The Meningococcal disease, or meningitis, is not as prevalent as it used to be, but people still contract it, and it is still a dangerous illness. Meningitis can cause serious infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord or in the blood.
Currently, there are two types of meningitis vaccinations available in the US. The first immunizes against the meningococcal A, C, W and Y strains. The second is a meningitis B vaccine for B strains of the disease.
The CDC recommends a meningitis vaccination with a meningococcal conjugate vaccine for children 1112 years old and a booster shot around 16 years old. Teens and young adults can also get vaccinated for meningitis with a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
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Many Colleges Require Proof Of Menacwy Vaccination Within 5 Years Before Starting School
Regardless of school requirements, CDC recommends a booster dose for all teens who received the first dose before their 16th birthday. The booster dose provides the best protection during the ages when teens are at highest risk. Teens who receive their first MenACWY vaccine dose at or after age 16 years do not need a booster dose.
What If My Injury Isnt On The Table
Even if you dont have a table injury, you may still pursue compensation under the NVICP. The vaccine injury table is just a list of relatively frequent vaccine injuries. People with non-table injuries can file claims, too. They simply have to prove a little more. For more information, see the What are Table Injuries and Non-table injuries? section of this article.
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Fainting Can Happen After Many Types Of Vaccinations
Fainting can be triggered by many types of medical procedures. In fact, CDC has received reports of people fainting after nearly all vaccines. Fainting after getting a vaccine is most commonly reported after three vaccines given to adolescents: HPV, MCV4, and Tdap. Because the ingredients of these three vaccines are different, yet fainting is seen with all of them, scientists think that fainting is due to the vaccination process and not to the vaccines themselves. However, there is not yet a definite answer about whether an ingredient of the vaccines is responsible for the fainting or if adolescents are simply more likely than children or adults to experience fainting.
About 3% of men and 3.5% of women report fainting at least once during their lifetimes, but it is not known just how often fainting happens after vaccination. Because fainting usually has no lasting effects, it is hard to study using medical records-based systems. However, the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System , receives many reports of syncope each year, and many more are likely to go unreported.
What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine
You may not be able to receive this vaccine if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to a meningococcal, diphtheria, or tetanus vaccine.
This vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all if you have:
- a severe illness with a fever or any type of infection
- a weak immune system caused by disease or by using certain medicine
- a history of Guillain-Barré syndrome or
- a history of premature birth.
You can still receive a vaccine if you’ve a minor cold.
Your doctor should determine whether you need this vaccine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
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Your Child Can Get Menacwy And Menb Vaccines At The Same Time
Your childs doctor can give both types of meningococcal vaccines during the same visit, but preferably in different arms. If you choose for your child to get a MenB vaccine, the preferred timing is between 16 and 18 years old. So its possible your child will get this vaccine and the MenACWY booster dose at the same visit.
Effects Of Meningitis On The Body
Meningitis is swelling of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord. There are different types of meningitis, but most are caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis can make you very sick, but it often doesnt leave lingering effects. Bacterial meningitis is more serious. It progresses rapidly and can cause permanent damage or even become life-threatening.
Quick diagnosis and treatment can help prevent some of the potential long-term side effects. If you have symptoms of meningitis, see your doctor without delay. Anyone can get meningitis, but its more common in babies, children, and adolescents.
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What Is Meningococcal Disease
Meningococcal disease can refer to any illness caused by a type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus . Meningococcal disease is not very common in the United States, but teens and young adults are at increased risk.
The two most common types of infections are
Where To Get It
A person may get the vaccine from local health centers, pharmacies, community health clinics, private clinics, health departments, and community locations, such as schools and religious centers.
Under the provisions of the Affordable Care Act, Health Insurance Marketplace plans and most private insurance plans cover the meningococcal vaccine, as well as several other vaccines.
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Falls After Fainting Can Cause Injuries
Fainting itself is generally not serious, but harm from related falls or other accidents can cause injury. The main concern is head injury. In a study of syncope-related VAERS reports, 7% of the fainting reports were coded as serious 12% of these involved head injuries. Although fainting itself might or might not be preventable, it is important to prevent injuries when people do faint.
Fainting Is A Common Side Effect For All Vaccines
Its not unusual for a person to faint after getting a vaccine, and thats true of more than the COVID-19 vaccine.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wrote, Fainting can be triggered by many types of medical procedures. In fact, CDC has received reports of people fainting after nearly all vaccines. Fainting after getting a vaccine is most commonly reported after three vaccines given to adolescents: HPV, MCV4, and Tdap.
CDC noted, About 3% of men and 3.5% of women report fainting at least once during their lifetimes, but it is not known just how often fainting happens after vaccination. Because fainting usually has no lasting effects, it is hard to study using medical records-based systems.
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Who Should Get The Meningitis Vaccine
In general, the meningitis vaccine is recommended to people travelling to a destination in a risk area.
It is especially recommended to people who are at higher risk of getting infected with meningitis. This includes:
people who are travelling in risk areas during dry seasons
people who have close contact with an infected person
people who are attending mass gatherings, such as in Mecca
babies, young children, teenagers and elderly people
Moreover, some countries require you to show a meningitis vaccination certificate upon entry in certain situations, and you will therefore also need the vaccine in this case.
However, the meningitis vaccine may cause problems for some people. This includes people who are:
allergic to any of the ingredients of the vaccine
currently unwell with a fever
diagnosed with a weakened immune system
diagnosed with a bleeding disorder
pregnant or breastfeeding
planning to have a baby
If you belong to any of these groups or you are unsure whether you should get the meningitis vaccine, you can book a free telephone consultation with one of our prescribing nurses for a personal assessment.
Children less than one-year-old should not receive the meningitis vaccine.
Menacwy Vaccines Are Safe However As With Any Vaccine Side Effects Can Occur
About half of the people who get a MenACWY vaccine have mild problems following vaccination, such as:
- Redness where the shot was given
- Soreness where the shot was given
- Muscle pain
- Feeling tired
If they occur, these reactions usually get better on their own within 1 to 2 days. Serious reactions are possible, but rare.
CDC continually monitors the safety of all vaccines, including MenACWY vaccines. For more information, view the Meningococcal ACWY Vaccine Information Statement.
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Meningitis Vaccine Side Effects
People who receive vaccines may not experience any side effects at all. However, some notice that some pain with flushing and swelling on the site where the vaccine was injected. These side effects, which can last from one to three days, are common to most injectable drugs and vaccines.
Rarely, people may experience more serious adverse effects such as:
- Hives, itching and redness of the skin
- Rapid heartbeats
- Stomach cramps
- Loss of consciousness
Immediate medical help is needed in these cases because one may be suffering from a severe, life threatening allergic reaction .
Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine
MPSV4 protects a patient against four common variants of meningococcal microbes. The vaccine works by exposing the individual to a small amount of the microbes or a protein which comes from them. This exposure causes a bodily reaction by developing immunity to the infection. However, the vaccine does not treat an active meningococcal infection in an individual. Side Effects of MPSV4 include:
- Severe weakness which occurs 2 – 4 weeks post-vaccination
- Slight pain in the extremities
- High grade fever
- Pain, redness, and swelling around the site of injection
Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Possible meningitis vaccine side effects in this case are listed as follow:
Sometimes It Can Produce Complications
Meningitis usually improves when treated in a timely manner, but it can cause long-term effects and complications. Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of meningitis.
Bacterial meningitis is more dangerous and more likely to cause persistent effects than other types of meningitis. However, all types of meningitis can become severe and life-threatening, potentially producing lasting consequences.
Meningitis is an inflammatory condition of the meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid that usually causes head pain, fevers, and fatigue. Seizures, neurological deficits, and systemic effects can occur with severe meningitis.
The condition can result from infections, inflammatory disease, or as a side effect of certain medical treatments .
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What Are Severe Side Effects Of The Meningococcal Vaccine
People sometimes faint after a medical procedure, including vaccinations. Sitting or lying down for 15 minutes can help prevent fainting and injuries from falling. Tell your doctor if you feel dizzy, have vision changes, or ringing in the ears.
Some people get very severe pain in the shoulder and have trouble moving the arm where the shot was given. This is called Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration . It is caused by the vaccine needle accidentally hitting a tendon, ligament, or the bursa.
Any medication can cause a severe allergic reaction, including vaccines. The risk is estimated at about 1 in a million doses, and would happen within a few minutes or hours of receiving the vaccine.