Who Can Get The Covid Booster
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Following a change in the guidance, the number of people who can get the Covid booster jab has dramatically increased again.
While initially only available to those over 50-years-old, a decision to widen the booster programme was made following data which showed that two doses of the Pfizer , Oxford or Moderna vaccine were not enough to stop people becoming unwell. The study, published by the UK Health Security Agency , suggests that a booster is necessary to maintain protection against the virus, preventing 3 in 4 people from developing any symptoms.
Anyone over the age of 18 became eligible for a jab late last year, after the emergence of new Omicron symptoms , but now another age group is being invited to have their booster jabs.
How To Tell If It’s A Cold Or Covid
Professor Tim Spector is a professor of genetic epidemiology at King’s College London and leads the UK’s ZOE COVID Symptom Study, which has been running since March 2020 and has 4 million daily contributors.
He says the research shows there are no longer just three main symptoms of COVID-19 and there’s increasing crossover between cold and COVID symptoms, particularly among those who have been vaccinated.
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“Nearly 50% of people currently having a positive PCR test do not have the classical symptoms whilst they’re infectious,” he says in a YouTube video update. “Every day they deliberate, more people are getting infected.”
Since March 2021, the ZOE study has reported 21 symptoms of COVID-19 to look out for, including sneezing, sore throat, hoarse voice and a runny nose, which are more traditionally associated with the common cold.
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ZOE says: “Our data shows that loss of smell or loss of taste is still one of the most important predictors of testing positive for COVID-19 rather than a regular cold, so its an important symptom to look out for, whether youve been vaccinated or not.”
Will The Vaccine Protect Me From Covid
Getting vaccinated means you are far less likely to get really sick and have to go to hospital if you catch COVID-19. You are also less likely to pass COVID-19 on to other people.
In the clinical trials it was found that the Pfizer vaccine gave 95% protection against the symptoms of COVID-19.
While a 2-dose course provides some protection against Omicron, a booster is likely offer greater protection by reducing the chance of more serious infection and the risk of transmitting it to others.
We are encouraging everyone who is eligible to get a free booster now.
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Should You Still Get The Vaccine If Youve Had Covid
If you have tested positive for coronavirus before, you may have built up some immunity to the virus.
Youll most likely have antibodies – proteins that circulate in the blood and recognise foreign substances like viruses – T cells and B cells.
People who have recovered from the virus have been found to have all of these components.
While scientists still dont know for certain how long immunity from coronavirus lasts, recent studies have provided some answers.
One led by Public Health England showed that most people who have had the virus are protected from catching it again for at least five months.
However, it is likely that this natural immunity wont last as long as the immunity given to you by a vaccine, and you can still be reinfected and pass on the virus to others even if you have no symptoms.
For these reasons, you should still take up the jab even if you have been infected with Covid before.
The NHS Inform guidance states: Even if youve already had coronavirus, you could still get it again.
The vaccine will reduce your risk of another infection and the seriousness of your symptoms if you do get it again.
If you’ve recently tested positive for coronavirus even if you have no symptoms you should wait until 4 weeks after the date you were tested before getting the vaccine.
The vaccine is your best protection against coronavirus.
Can You Get The Covid Vaccine If You Have A Cold
The COVID-19 vaccine is one of the most important things you can do for your health- and also the health of those around you. And with cold and flu season coming up, now is a great time to get protected. But can you get the COVID vaccine if you have a cold? Or is it better to wait until youre healthy? Get the answers in the article below.
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Vaccine Rollout Wasn’t Planned Around The Flu Season
The claim that the COVID-19 vaccine’s deployment in the winter was planned is also misleading because it ignores the massive endeavor undertaken to end the pandemic as quickly as possible.
Under normal circumstances, it can take 10 to 15 years to develop a vaccine. But the threat posed by COVID-19 expedited the time frame to under a year thanks in part to a global research effort.
In the U.S., a public-private partnership called Operation Warp Speed was launched on March 30, 2020. It helped overcome hurdles in vaccine development by providing federal funding to researchers and pharmaceutical companies such as Moderna and Johnson & Johnson, enabling them to manufacture vaccines alongside large-scale clinical trials, which were closely scrutinized.
The post also fails to consider the connection between geography and the flu.
While the Northern Hemisphere experiences a dip in temperatures corresponding to the timing of the flu season, seasonality is reversed in the Southern Hemisphere, where the flu season runs from April to September. And in tropical climates like West and East Africa, influenza is year-round, according to the CDC.
The coronavirus has affected every country across the globe, resulting in more than 163 million cases and 3 million deaths, according to the World Health Organization.
Do I Need A Vaccine If I’ve Already Had Covid
If youve already had the illness, your body creates antibodies to fight off future infections. However, the jury is still out on exactly how much protection you receive or how long these antibodies last following infection. Vaccination is the best way of protecting yourself and others against the virus in the long term.
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Vaccines Do Not Make A Mild Illness Worse
Vaccines only have a tiny fraction of the bacteria and viruses that children encounter naturally. Because of this, the immune system can handle getting vaccines and fighting minor illnesses at the same time.
Vaccines do not make symptoms of illness worse. Like any medication, vaccines may cause mild side effects, like a low fever or soreness or swelling where the shot was given. To help with discomfort from these side effects, put a cool, wet washcloth on the sore area or ask your childs doctor about using pain- or fever-reducing medicine. These side effects are very minor and soon go away.
Reports Of Risk Of Heart Inflammation With Pfizer And Moderna Vaccines
There have been extremely rare reports of inflammation of the heart reported after Covid-19 vaccination with Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccines. Most people who had this recovered following rest and simple treatments.
It is not yet clear if it was caused by the vaccines, and the MHRA is continuing to investigate both the occurrences and any risk factors. They have occurred most frequently in younger males shortly after the second dose of the vaccine.
Anyone who has any of these symptoms within a few days of being vaccinated should seek urgent medical advice:
- chest pain
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Common Cold Or Covid Upper Respiratory Symptoms Are Growing More Prevalent Docs Say
Doctors are beginning to notice Covid-19 cases that look more like a very bad cold, especially in areas of the country where the highly contagious delta variant is quickly spreading.
While shortness of breath and other lung issues remain among the most worrisome Covid-19 symptoms, it appears upper respiratory complaints marked by congestion, a runny nose and headache may be increasing.
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“We’ve seen a number of folks with cold-like symptoms,” said Dr. Robert Hopkins Jr., an internist at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock.
The potential shift in symptoms is not to say that the illness should be brushed off as just a cold. Respiratory droplets emitted from coughs and sneezes can infect other, more vulnerable, people. And cases that start off mild can worsen and become more serious.
“Covid can present in different ways,” said Dr. Russell Vinik, chief medical operations officer at the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City. “If you think you have a cold, you’re infectious, and whether that’s Covid or a cold, you should consider getting a test.”
Vinik has also seen more people coming in with cold-like symptoms. And previously typical Covid-19 symptoms such as loss of taste and smell are not as commonly reported anymore, he said.
Why Do I Need To Wait 3 Months Between My 2nd Dose And A Booster Can I Get My Booster Dose Sooner
The JCVI is recommending that booster vaccines are being scheduled at a three-month interval from the second primary dose. This interval will automatically help to prioritise older and more vulnerable patients.
You will be contacted when you become eligible for a booster dose, and are able to book your appointment through the national booking system from 2 months after your second dose – although the appointment will still be a three month minimum gap from your second dose.
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Whats In The Janssen Vaccine
The Janssen vaccine, similar to the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine, is an Adenovirus vector vaccine which uses a harmless, modified form of a different virus as its active ingredient to deliver the Covid-19 virus proteins for our bodies to recognise, and make antibodies against.
The Janssen vaccine does not contain any live virus so cannot give you Covid-19. It is delivered in a single dose of 0.5ml.
The Covid-19 vaccines do not contain chimpanzee cells, foetal tissues, animal products or eggs, and are suitable for vegans and vegetarians.
We Still Need Vaccines
None of this means that if youve recently had a common cold you are as protected against COVID-19 as if you had taken the vaccine. For one thing, only a small percentage of colds are caused by coronaviruses. Second, It seems unlikely that everyone who has died or had a more serious infection, has never had a cold caused by a coronavirus, said Dr Simon Clarke, associate professor in cellular microbiology, at the University of Reading, UK, who was not involved in the research. Neither do we know how much protection common cold coronaviruses might confer, nor for how long. The only reliable way of ensuring youre well protected against COVID-19 is to get vaccinated against it.
Importantly though, the proteins that these cross-reactive T cells recognise tend to be hidden away inside the virus, and are much less susceptible to change than the spike protein found on its surface. A better understanding of this process could help to identify new targets for universal coronavirus vaccines ones that not only protect against new COVID-19 variants, but future pandemic coronaviruses as well.
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Can You Have The Covid
If you’re pregnant, you should get vaccinated as soon as possible. There is growing evidence showing that women who are pregnant are at increased risk of serious consequences from Covid-19 and should be considered a clinical risk group within the Covid-19 vaccination programme.
It is currently recommended for you to have the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccine if youre pregnant .
If you are worried about being vaccinated whilst pregnant or breastfeeding, speak to your healthcare professional before you have the vaccination. They will discuss the benefits and risks with you.
The vaccine cannot give you or your baby Covid-19.You can also have the Covid-19 vaccine if you’re breastfeeding.
Children Can Still Get Vaccines Even With A Fever Or Mild Illness
Because a mild illness does not affect how well the body responds to a vaccine, your child can still be vaccinated if he or she has:
- A low grade fever
- A cold, runny nose, or cough
- An ear infection
- Mild diarrhea
Doctors at leading health organizations, like the American Academy of Pediatricsexternal icon and the American Academy of Family Physiciansexternal icon, recommend that children with mild illnesses receive vaccinations on schedule.
There is no health benefit to waiting to vaccinate your child if he or she has a mild illness. Its important that children get their vaccines on time so theyre protected against serious diseases.
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Additional Primary Series Dose For People Who Are Immunocompromised
If you’re moderately to severely immunocompromised due to disease or treatment, you may have a lower immune response to COVID-19 vaccination.
For this population, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization recommends the following:
- A primary series of 3 doses of an mRNA vaccine should be offered to individuals considered moderately to severely immunocompromised.
- Those who received other vaccine types to begin their primary series should receive an additional dose of an mRNA vaccine.
- The doses in the primary series should be given 4 to 8 weeks apart.
People moderately to severely immunocompromised are encouraged to speak with a health care provider to learn more about vaccination and other ways to protect themselves against COVID-19.
What Does Research Tell Us About Developing A Cold Vaccine
Research on the development of a common cold vaccine suggests that a vaccine for the common cold is not likely in the near future.
A study that compiled past and present research on the development of a rhinovirus vaccine noted that:
- It will be difficult to develop the vaccine because rhinovirus infects quickly and mutates, or changes quickly.
- In clinical trials that tested a cold vaccine with just one strain, results showed that it was not protective.
- In clinical trials that focused on a cold vaccine with 10 strains, results also found it to be ineffective.
- If a cold vaccine does get developed, it will likely need to provide broad protection against many strains of rhinovirus.
Despite these challenges, studies animal studies suggest that significant cross-serotype protection is possible.
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What Are The Names Of The Covid
As of June 2021, the Coronavirus variants will be named after the letters of the Greek alphabet to reflect their order of detection instead of their place of first discovery, following an announcement from the World Health Organisation . The new variant names are listed below.
- The B.1.1.7 variant, first detected in the UK, Kent, will now be referred to as Alpha.
- The B.1.351 variant, first detected in South Africa, will now be referred to as Beta.
- The P.1 variant, first detected in Brazil, will now be referred to as Gamma.
- The B.1.617.2, first detected in India, will now be referred to as Delta.
- The B.1.1.529 variant, first detected in South Africa, has been named Omicron.
Considerations For Those With Health Conditions
I have a health condition. How can I be sure the vaccine is safe?
Some individuals may consider themselves more vulnerable to side effects or negative effects from the vaccine. Speak with your doctor or health care provider about any questions or concerns you have about COVID-19 vaccines.
Can people who have autoimmune disorders or are immunocompromised get the vaccines?
The following are recommendations from the Ontario Ministry of Health: COVID-19 Vaccine Administration
It is recommended that all moderately to severely immunocompromised individuals receive a 3-dose primary series of COVID-19 vaccine. These individuals are encouraged to speak with their treating health care provider regarding the timing of vaccination in relation to therapy for their underlying health condition and/or treatment modification in view of possible decreased vaccine effectiveness with the use of immunosuppressive therapy. See the COVID-19 Vaccine: Canadian Immunization Guides section on immunocompromised persons and the COVID-19 Vaccine and Booster Dose Recommendations for more information.
- For additional information on rheumatology, consult the Canadian Rheumatology Association statement on COVID-19 vaccination.
- For additional information on inflammatory bowel disease, consult the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology statement on COVID-19 vaccination.
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Why Are Some People Being Offered A Third Primary Dose Rather Than A Booster
Some people with compromised immune systems or who are receiving treatment which may affect their immune system, are being offered a third primary dose of a Covid-19 vaccine.
This is because their health conditions or medical treatment may prevent their immune system from producing a good response to Covid-19 vaccination.
A third primary dose will be offered to people identified as being at risk of not producing a good immune response 8 weeks after their second dose.Read more about third primary doses here.