Sunday, September 17, 2023

Do Toddlers Get Meningitis Vaccine

How Do You Get Meningitis

Ohio students required to have meningitis vaccine before school starts (WKYC)

Bacteria and viruses cause the great majority of meningitis disease in infants and children. The most serious occurrences of meningitis are caused by bacteria viral-caused meningitis is common but usually is less severe and, except for the very rare instance of rabies infection, almost never lethal. However, both bacterial and viral types of the disease are contagious.

Meningitis normally occurs as a complication from an infection in the bloodstream. A barrier normally protects the brain from contamination by the blood.

Sometimes, infections directly decrease the protective ability of the blood-brain barrier. Other times, infections release substances that decrease this protective ability.

Once the blood-brain barrier becomes leaky, a chain of reactions can occur. Infectious organisms can invade the fluid surrounding the brain.

The body tries to fight the infection by increasing the number of white blood cells , but this can lead to increased inflammation. As the inflammation increases, brain tissue can start swelling and blood flow to vital areas of the brain can decrease due to extra pressure on the blood vessels.

Meningitis can also be caused by the direct spread of a nearby severe infection, such as an ear infection or a nasal sinus infection . An infection can also occur any time following direct trauma to the head or after any type of head surgery. Usually, the infections that cause the most problems are due to bacterial infections.

  • Neck stiffness or neck pain
  • Rash
  • What Are The Symptoms Of Meningitis

    Symptoms of meningococcal disease can include abrupt onset of high fever, headache, stiff neck, vomiting and a rash. Symptoms most often appear within five days of exposure, but can appear between two to 10 days. Meningococcal disease is a very serious disease and can be fatal, in spite of treatment. Death can occur within a few hours after the onset of symptoms. Survivors often have loss of arms and legs, hearing loss, kidney failure, permanent brain damage or chronic nervous system problems. If you think you or your infant or child has any of these symptoms, call the doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important.

    To learn more about how meningitis is spread, symptoms, treatment and what to do if you think youve been exposed, check out the New York State Department of Health Fact Sheet on Meningococcal Disease.

    Who Should Get The Meningococcal Vaccines

    All children ages 11 through 12 years should receive meningococcal vaccine followed by a booster dose at age 16 years. Vaccination is also recommended for all adolescents ages 13 through 18 years who did not receive a dose at age 11-12 years.

    Individuals ages 2 months and older who have certain conditions that weaken their immune system should receive meningococcal vaccine, including teens who are HIV positive. These persons should also receive booster shots every three to five years depending on their age. Talk to your health care provider if your preteen or teen has a condition that makes it harder for their body to fight off infection.

    The MenB vaccine may also be given at age 16 years along with the MenACWY booster dose. MenB vaccine is also recommended for children age 10 years and older with certain high-risk conditions. The number of doses needed depends on the product used and if your child has a high-risk condition. Talk to your health care provider about this additional vaccine.

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    Persons New To Canada

    Health care providers who see persons newly arrived in Canada should review the immunization status and update immunization for these individuals. Review of meningococcal vaccination status is particularly important for persons from areas of the world where sickle cell disease is present as persons with sickle cell disease are at risk of serious meningococcal infections. In many countries outside of Canada, conjugate meningococcal vaccines are in limited use. Information on vaccination schedules in other countries can be found on the World Health Organization website. Refer to Immunization of Persons New to Canada in Part 3 for additional general information.

    Improving How Vaccines Are Offered In Scotland

    Thousands caught in vaccine bungle after shots found out ...

    To improve how vaccinations are offered to you or your child, you may notice:

    • you’re invited to a new location to receive your immunisations instead of your GP practice
    • the health professional giving your immunisations changes

    You’ll still receive clear information about the location, date and time of your appointment.

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    Meningococcal Serogroup B Vaccination

    • Adolescents not at increased risk age 1623 years based on shared clinical decision-making:
    • Bexsero: 2-dose series at least 1 month apart
    • Trumenba: 2-dose series at least 6 months apart if dose 2 is administered earlier than 6 months, administer a 3rd dose at least 4 months after dose 2.

    Special situations

    Anatomic or functional asplenia , persistent complement component deficiency, complement inhibitor use:

    • Bexsero: 2-dose series at least 1 month apart
    • Trumenba: 3-dose series at 0, 12, 6 months

    Bexsero and Trumenba are not interchangeable the same product should be used for all doses in a series. For MenB booster dose recommendations for groups listed under Special situations and in an outbreak setting and additional meningococcal vaccination information, see .

    How Much Do Children Really Cost

    According to the United States Department of Agricultures 2017 study, the average cost of raising a child born in 2015 is expected to be $233,610! Adjusting these findings for inflation through August 2021, using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics , would increase this estimate to over $263,000.

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    What Happens After The Immunization

    Your child might have a fever, soreness, and some swelling and redness at the injection area. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain or fever and to find out the right dose.

    A warm, damp cloth or a heating pad on the injection site may help reduce soreness, as can moving or using the arm.

    Where And When Can I Get The Vaccine

    This is why you should get your MenACWY vaccine | Dr Ali | Meningitis Now

    Talk to your doctor or local public health clinic to find out where and when your child should get vaccinated.

    • The cost of Men-C-C is covered everywhere in Canada.
    • Many provinces currently cover the cost of MCV-4 vaccine.
    • Currently, no provinces or territories cover the cost of Men-B vaccine for all children. Some provide it for children at high risk of getting meningococcal disease.

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    Can You Call Native American Children Indians

    Both terms are generally acceptable, according to the National Museum of the American Indian , a Smithsonian institution based in both New York and Washington, D.C. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or Indigenous

    Talk To Your Healthcare Provider About Vaccination Against Menb* With Bexsero

    BEXSERO multicomponent meningococcal B vaccine is a vaccine for the prevention of meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis group B bacteria in individuals from 2 months through 25 years of age. BEXSERO is not expected to protect against all circulating meningococcal serogroup B strains and does not offer protection against strains A, C, Y, and W-135. As with any vaccine, BEXSERO may not fully protect all of those who are vaccinated. BEXSERO does not treat or reduce the consequences of meningococcal disease, including meningitis, sepsis, and death. The very common side effects after vaccination with BEXSERO were pain/tenderness at the injection site, redness at the injection site, swelling of the skin at the injection site, and hardness of the skin at the injection site. In infants and children , fever can occur more frequently when BEXSERO is given at the same time as routine infant vaccines. Allergic reactions may also occur. Ask your healthcare professional if BEXSERO is right for your child. Full product information can be found at . To report an adverse event, please call 1-800-387-7374.

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    What Is The Meningococcal Vaccine

    The meningococcal vaccine is an injection given to protect your child from certain types of meningococcal disease. Meningococcal disease is an infection caused by meningococci bacteria. The infection may cause serious disease, such as meningitis. Meningitis causes swelling of the fluid and lining that covers your child’s brain and spinal cord. Meningococcal disease is spread from person to person through the air. The vaccine begins to protect your child 1 to 2 weeks after he or she gets it. The vaccine may protect him or her for 3 to 5 years.

    What Do I Need To Know About Meningitis Vaccines

    School Student Immunization Clinics in Allentown

    There are a number of safe, effective vaccines that prevent meningococcal meningitis. The vaccines may cause mild and infrequent side effects, such as redness and pain at the injection site lasting up to two days. The meningitis vaccines are 85 to 100 percent effective in preventing the four kinds of meningococcus germ . These four types cause about 70 percent of the disease in the United States. A newer vaccine protects against type B, which accounts for about one-third of cases in adolescents, and the CDC recently recommended that clinicians may choose to administer vaccine against serogroup B to persons between the ages of 16-23. This vaccine is also recommended for those 10 years of age and older with certain health conditions. For more information regarding Meningitis B vaccine recommendations, heck out the CDCs vaccine information statement.

    While meningitis vaccines are effective against many types of meningococcal disease, they are not 100% effective against all types, and they do not prevent all cases of meningococcal disease.

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    Remarkable Care For Kids

    • Expertise in meningitis-related vaccinations: Pediatricians at Rush University Childrens Hospital can work with you and your child to determine if your child should receive any vaccines that can help prevent bacterial infections that cause meningitis.
    • Pediatric infectious disease expertise: If your child has meningitis or has been exposed to meningitis, pediatric infectious disease specialists at Rush University Childrens Hospital can help provide treatment, education and preventive care when a meningitis outbreak occurs.
    • Neurological treatment for complications from meningitis: Pediatric neurologists at Rush are experts in treating the neurological damage that may occur after your child has meningitis, including hearing loss, seizures or learning disabilities.
    • A kid-friendly inpatient experience: If your child needs to be hospitalized for meningitis, Child Life Services specialists at Rush University Childrens Hospital help your child cope with the physical, social and emotional challenges of hospitalization.

    Tetanus Diphtheria And Pertussis Vaccine

    Tdap is a three-in-one vaccine. It protects people against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis.

    Immunization against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis is required by law for all children attending school in Ontario, unless exempted.

    What is tetanus?

    Tetanus or lockjaw is a serious disease that can happen if dirt with the tetanus germ gets into a cut in the skin. Tetanus germs are found everywhere, usually in soil, dust and manure. It does not spread from person to person. Tetanus causes cramping of the muscles in the neck, arms, leg and stomach, and painful convulsions which can be severe enough to break bones. Even with early treatment, tetanus kills two out of every 10 people who get it.

    What is diphtheria?

    Diphtheria is a serious disease of the nose, throat and skin. It causes sore throat, fever and chills. It can be complicated by breathing problems, heart failure and nerve damage. Diphtheria kills about one out of every 10 people who get the disease. It is most often passed to others through coughing and sneezing.

    What is pertussis?

    For more information talk to your health care provider, contact your local Public Health Unit or visit

    Some immunizations are required for children to attend school in Ontario. Please see the school immunization checklist for more information.

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    Healthy Infants And Children

    One dose of Men-C-C vaccine is recommended in unimmunized children less than 5 years of age. One dose of Men-C-C vaccine may be considered for children 5 to 11 years of age if they have not previously been immunized as infants or toddlers. Immunization with 4CMenB vaccine or MenB-fHBP may be considered on an individual basis, depending on individual preferences, regional serogroup B epidemiology and strain susceptibility.

    The Dangers Of Meningococcal Disease

    Meningococcus Vaccine – Why Do College Students Need It?

    Meningococcal disease can cause both meningitis and septicaemia . Septicaemia and meningitis can trigger , which is a life-threatening response to infection.

    Meningococcal disease is rare but very serious. It requires urgent hospital treatment.

    It can lead to life-changing disabilities, such as amputations, hearing loss and brain damage.

    The MenACWY vaccine was previously recommended only for people at increased risk of meningococcal disease, including people who have had their spleen removed, or have a spleen that does not work properly, for Hajj pilgrims, and for travellers to countries with high rates of meningococcal disease, including parts of Africa and Latin America.

    Read about having the MenACWY vaccine before travelling on our page about travel vaccinations.

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    Meningococcal Acw & Y Vaccine Menactra Or Nimenrix

    Menactra is a meningococcal conjugate vaccine to protect against meningococcal groups A, C, W and Y. Menactra is approved for use for those aged 9 months to 55 years.

    From 1 December 2019, people aged 13-25 years living in boarding school hostels, tertiary education halls of residence, military barracks, or prisons, can receive a single dose of meningococcal ACWY vaccine free of charge. The catch-up programme is only available until 30 November 2021. For more details see Section 13.5 of the Immunisation Handbook 2020.

    The vaccine is funded for children and adults with a medical condition that increases their risk of invasive meningococcal disease AND is listed on the Pharmaceutical Schedule.

    Menactra is also available as a purchased vaccine through your family doctor. The cost is approximately $150 per dose. For children aged 9 – 23 months, two doses are given at least three months apart. For individuals aged 2 – 55 years, one dose is given.

    You Are Pregnant Or Breastfeeding

    • Pregnant women who are at increased risk for serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease may get MenACWY vaccines.
    • Pregnant or breastfeeding women who are at increased risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease may get MenB vaccines. However, they should talk with a doctor to decide if the benefits of getting the vaccine outweigh the risks.

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    Why Teenagers And Students Should Have The Menacwy Vaccine

    Meningococcal disease is a rare but life-threatening disease caused by meningococcal bacteria.

    Older teenagers and new university students are at higher risk of infection because many of them mix closely with lots of new people, some of whom may unknowingly carry the meningococcal bacteria at the back of their nose and throat.

    Anyone who is eligible for the MenACWY vaccine should have it, even if they have previously had the MenC vaccine.

    The MenACWY vaccine is highly effective in preventing illness caused by the 4 meningococcal strains, including the extremely harmful MenW strain.

    Tetanus And Diphtheria Vaccine

    Is Your Child Afraid to Get a Flu Shot?

    Td is a two-in-one vaccine. It protects people against tetanus and diphtheria. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization strongly recommends that all Canadians receive a primary immunizing course of tetanus toxoid in childhood followed by routine booster doses every 10 years.

    The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care recently introduced one lifetime dose of the pertussis vaccine for adults to the Publicly Funded Immunization Schedules for Ontario. All adults 19 to 64 years of age, who have never received the Tdap vaccine in adolescence, are now eligible to receive one lifetime dose of the vaccine. This lifetime dose replaces one of the Td booster doses given every 10 years.

    Parents, grandparents or other adult household contacts of newborns, infants and young children as well as health care workers are considered a priority to receive the Tdap vaccine.

    What is tetanus?

    Tetanus or lockjaw is a serious disease that can happen if dirt with the tetanus germ gets into a cut in the skin. Tetanus germs are found everywhere, usually in soil, dust and manure. It does not spread from person to person. Tetanus causes cramping of the muscles in the neck, arms, leg and stomach, and painful convulsions which can be severe enough to break bones. Even with early treatment, tetanus kills two out of every 10 people who get it.

    What is diphtheria?

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    Measles Mumps And Rubella Vaccine

    Measles, mumps and rubella vaccine – given at 12 months

    The MMR vaccine is a three-in-one needle that protects against measles, mumps and rubella . It should be given to children soon after their first birthday and a second dose at 4-6 years of age with the measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine.

    Immunization against measles, mumps and rubella is required by law for all children attending school in Ontario, unless exempted.

    This vaccine should also be given to adults who are not protected against measles, mumps or rubella. Pregnant women who have been told that they are not protected against rubella, should receive MMR vaccine as soon as they are no longer pregnant.

    What is measles?

    Measles can be a serious infection. It causes high fever, cough, rash, runny nose and watery eyes. Measles lasts for one to two weeks. Ear infections or pneumonia can happen in one out of every 10 children with measles. Measles can also be complicated by encephalitis, an infection of the brain, in about one out of every 1,000 children with measles. This may cause brain damage and developmental delays. Measles can also make a pregnant woman have a miscarriage or give birth prematurely.

    Measles spreads from person to person very easily and quickly. People can get measles from an infected person coughing or sneezing around them or simply talking to them.

    What is mumps?

    What is rubella ?

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