Who Is Eligible For A Fourth Vaccine Shot Right Now In The Us
In October, the CDC approved a third primary shot of an mRNA vaccine, like Pfizer’s or Moderna’s, for individuals who are immunocompromised or have other specific health issues. The third shot should be delivered at least 28 days after the second.
Five months after that third primary shot, vulnerable people are eligible for their booster, or fourth shot.
- Patients taking medicine or drugs that may suppress their immune response
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Immunocompromised people have reported seeking fourth shots but being turned away by some pharmacies. Kaiser Health News reported the CDC spoke with major pharmacy chains to ensure they are aware of the eligibility of some Americans to receive their fourth booster shot.According to the CDC’s recommendations, patients do not need to show proof that they are immunocompromised.
How Many Cases Vaccinations And Deaths In My Area
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A booster campaign, originally targeted at people over 40 or belonging to a number of other vulnerable groups, has been extended to all over-18s.
The government says every eligible adult will be offered a booster jab by the end of the year.
The minimum gap between the second jab and booster dose has also been reduced from six to three months, to speed up the process.
So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen three of which require two doses for maximum protection.
All those aged under 40 are being offered an alternative to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine due to evidence linking it to rare blood clots.
The vaccine currently being used for under-18s in the UK is Pfizer-BioNTech, but the Moderna vaccine has also been authorised for use in children.
Those eligible for boosters will receive one dose of Pfizer or half a dose of Moderna.
There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.
Vaccines For People Who Could Become Pregnant
Vaccination is important for everyone of reproductive age, whether planning a pregnancy or not.
During pregnancy, your immune system changes and this can put you at risk for a number of serious infectious diseases and complications. Your baby can also be affected by these infections, which can result in:
- birth defects
Since an unplanned pregnancy can happen, it’s important to keep your vaccinations up to date at all times. This will help protect you and your baby from certain infections that could cause serious complications. Talk to your health care provider about your vaccination status.
Learn more about vaccination and pregnancy.
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How Long Do Mrna Vaccines Remain Effective Against Covid
How long your vaccine remains effective depends on the strain of COVID you’ve been exposed to, how many shots you’ve received and what you’re trying to prevent.
The effectiveness of COVID vaccines decreases over time, especially against potent strains like the newer omicron variant. One December study from the UK’s Health Security Agency indicated protection from infection waned as much as 65% after just 10 weeks.
An October 2021 report published in The Lancet determined Pfizer/BioNTech’s vaccine, Comirnaty, was 88% percent effective in preventing infection in the weeks following a second shot. But that protection took a nosedive, to 47%, six months later.
Three shots of an mRNA vaccine provided 87% protection against an ER visit within the two months, but fell to 66% after four months, and 31% after nine.
Its ability to prevent hospitalization and death remained high at 90% for at least six months, even against the delta variant dominant at the time, Reuters reported.
Researchers from Pfizer and Kaiser Permanente studied the health records of roughly 3.4 million patients between Dec. 2020 and Aug. 2021. They found vaccine effectiveness against delta was 93% after the first month, and then declined to 53% after four months. Against other pre-omicron variants, efficacy declined to 67% from 97%.
Against omicron, protection from hospitalization was 91% within two months of an mRNA booster, then dropped to 78% after four months.
Daily Reported Doses Given By Manufacturer
Each line shows the seven-day average.
In December 2020, federal regulators gave emergency use authorization to two-dose vaccines developed by Pfizer and Moderna. Regulators authorized Johnson & Johnsons one-dose vaccine in February, but recommended a pause in its use on April 13 because of reports of blood clots in a small number of patients. All 50 states paused or recommended that providers pause those vaccinations. The government ended the Johnson & Johnson pause on April 23, clearing the way for states to resume vaccinations.
On Aug. 12, regulators gave emergency use authorization for people with weakened immune systems to get a third dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, and expanded that authorization in September and October to include booster shots for many Americans.
On Aug. 23, the federal government approved the Pfizer vaccine for those 16 and older, the first full approval of a Covid-19 vaccine in the country.
The F.D.A. cleared the Pfizer vaccine for children, ages 5 to 11, on Oct. 29. Emergency use authorization of the vaccine continues for those ages 5 to 15 and for those receiving additional doses.
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Diseases Preventable Through Vaccination
The chart shows the number of global deaths caused by some of the most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases.
There are more diseases for which vaccines are available now and even more are under development currently. The WHO publishes list of 26 diseases for which vaccines are available including Japanese encephalitis, pneumococcal disease, varicella/chicken pox, HPV, Hepatitis A and rotavirus.
How Many People In Utah Have Been Vaccinated So Far
- 75% of people in Utah have received at least one dose of the vaccine, for a total of 2,276,311 people
- 66% of people in Utah are fully vaccinated, for a total of 2,020,151 people
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Eradication Of Diseases Through Vaccination
Eradication is the ultimate goal of vaccination against a disease.
On the way to the eradication of polio
Polio is targeted for global eradication. This has become possible through the polio vaccine that was developed in 1955. The WHO estimates that in 2015, 85% of infants around the world received three doses of polio vaccine. And the number of paralytic polio cases have since the 1980s, from an estimated 350,000 to 400,000 paralytic cases per year to 22 reported cases in 2017.
Eradication of smallpox
While the benefits might possibly be forgotten as vaccine-preventable diseases have lost their threat thanks to the introduction of the vaccines it is still true that people around the world including those in richer countries continue to benefit from vaccinations.
One of the greatest successes of global health is eradication of smallpox. Smallpox, which just decades ago killed several hundred thousand people every year was successfully eradicated in 1980 thanks to the global vaccination program.21
Vaccination Status By Age Race And Ethnicity And Vaccine Equity Metric
These charts show our progress in vaccinating groups and communities with the most urgent need. You can view by age, race and ethnicity, or Vaccine Equity Metric , either statewide or by county. These charts are updated weekly on Wednesday.
These charts use the California Healthy Places Index , developed by the Public Health Alliance of Southern California, which explores local factors that predict life expectancy and compares community conditions across the state. The HPI quartiles are the total state population divided into 25% segments based on conditions that shape health, including housing, transportation, and education.
The VEM combines HPI with California Department of Public Health -derived scores. Zip codes range from less healthy community conditions in Quartile 1 to more healthy community conditions in Quartile 4.
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When Might Nearly Everyone Be Vaccinated
Some experts have estimated that 90 percent or more of the total population adults and children would need to be fully vaccinated for the country to reach a possibly elusive threshold of protection against the coronavirus known as herd immunity, now that the outbreak is driven by the highly contagious Delta variant.
A number of factors will determine if and when this threshold is met, including the pace at which newly vaccinated people join those who are immune after past infections. But the presence of more transmissible virus variants could complicate that progress. And children, who became eligible for the Pfizer vaccine in late October, may be key to reaching herd immunity, experts say.
The projection below shows the share of the total population that is fully vaccinated based on the current rate of vaccination, and provides a rough indication of when the viruss spread could begin to stall.
You’re Vaccinated Congrats Now What Can You Do Safely
After a slow kickoff in December, vaccine administration improved in scale and efficiency. The country surpassed President Biden’s initial goals of getting 100 million vaccines into arms in his first 100 days, reaching 200 million vaccines by day 92.
Administration rates peaked in early April with the United States giving out more than 3 million COVID-19 shots per day but declined dramatically after, once people who were most eager to get vaccinated received their shots.
Vaccine eligibility opened to everyone 16 and up in the U.S. in mid-April, to those 12 and older in mid-May, and to kids as young as 5 in early November.
Vaccine uptake hit a low in early July the country fell several million people short of President Biden’s goal of getting at least one shot to 70% of adults in the U.S. by Independence Day.
Later in the summer, vaccination rates rose, as delta surged around the country, hitting hard in areas with low vaccine coverage. Vaccine mandates in schoolsand workplaces contributed to a further increase in daily doses administered in the fall.
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How Has The Expos Calculated Its Figures
To calculate its figure, The Exposé multiplied its estimate of the population of England eligible for a vaccine by the level of first dose vaccine coverage in England as of 12 December published by the UK Health Security Agency , which was 67.9%.
It therefore concluded that 32.4 million people had received a vaccine, leaving 15.3 million eligible people unvaccinated and 23.5 million in total who hadnt received a vaccine dose, whether eligible or not. All people aged 12 and over are eligible to be vaccinated.
This calculation is flawed because the UKHSAs vaccine coverage figure didnt refer to what proportion of eligible people had been vaccinated, but what proportion of the entire English population had been vaccinated, including those not eligible for vaccination.
The UKHSA published data in another report that same week showing that, at the time, 42,611,175 people in England had been vaccinated. This is 67.9% of the figure it uses for the total population of England, not just those eligible.
The Tables And Graphs Refresh Automatically Live As Cbc News Updates With The Latest Information
CBC News is tracking the data so you can follow the progress as vaccines are rolled out across the country. CBC’s vaccine data comes from provincial and territorial websites, news briefings and releases and the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Health Canada has announced that the eligible age for COVID-19 vaccines has been lowered from 12 to five. Vaccination rates for the eligible population have been updated with new population numbers.
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States Ranked By Percentage Of Population Fully Vaccinated: Dec 22
Vermont has the highest percentage of its population fully vaccinated against COVID-19, according to the CDC’s COVID-19 vaccine distribution and administration data tracker.
The CDC’s data tracker compiles data from healthcare facilities and public health authorities. It updates daily to report the total number of people in each state who have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. The numbers reported by the CDC may vary from the numbers published on individual states’ public health websites, as there may be reporting lags between the states and the CDC.
As of 6 a.m. EDT Dec. 21, a total of 204,578,725 Americans had been fully vaccinated, or 61.6 percent of the country’s population, according to the CDC’s data.
Below are the states and Washington, D.C., ranked by the percentage of their population that has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, according to the CDC.
1. VermontNumber of people fully vaccinated: 478,502Percentage of population fully vaccinated: 76.68
2. Rhode IslandNumber of people fully vaccinated: 802,940Percentage of population fully vaccinated: 75.79
3. MaineNumber of people fully vaccinated: 1,011,729Percentage of population fully vaccinated: 75.27
4. ConnecticutNumber of people fully vaccinated: 2,644,544Percentage of population fully vaccinated: 74.17
5. MassachusettsNumber of people fully vaccinated: 5,102,236Percentage of population fully vaccinated: 74.03
Vaccination Rollout Across The United States
The United States is racing to vaccinate a population of 328 million. But local health officials are progressing at vastly different rates. Hover your cursor over each jurisdiction to explore how many doses have been administered, how many people have received vaccines, and what percentage of the population has been fully vaccinated. Click on states to view their full profiles.
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Which Countries Have Mandatory Childhood Vaccination Policies
With the widespread rollout of COVID-19 vaccines globally, some countries have started to consider mandatory vaccination, although no country has yet to make vaccines mandatory for its population.47 While COVID-19 has resurfaced the debate on vaccination policies, it has been an important topic for many other diseases. The World Health Organization estimates that vaccines save two to three million lives each year . The development of vaccines against vaccine-preventable childhood diseases has been a key driver in the decline of child mortality.
Despite it being such an important topic, it is surprising that information about which countries have mandatory vaccine policy is lacking, and it is childhood vaccines under a countrys national immunization schedules that are most commonly made mandatory.
In this article we present a new global dataset which looks at childhood vaccination policies across the world.
What We Dont Know
Since the Deloitte survey was conducted in August, its unclear how developments that have happened since thenlike the Biden administration imposing vaccine mandates or vaccine-or-test requirements for many employees in Septembermay now be influencing unvaccinated peoples thinking. As the survey was being conducted, the Food and Drug Administration also granted full approval to Pfizer/BioNTechs Covid-19 vaccine on August 23, as opposed to an emergency use authorization. That may have moved the needle for some people, as 72% of respondents who were on the fence about the vaccine said they might be influenced to get it if one of the shots received full FDA approval.
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States Progress Unevenly In Vaccine Rollout
In the race to vaccinate their residents, Puerto Rico, along with some states with smaller populations in the Northeast, have been leading the way. Some states in the Southeast and Midwest are lagging.
States receive vaccine allocations based on their total adult populations. Each state has its own plan for how to get those vaccines out to its residents through county health offices, hospital systems, pharmacies, mass vaccination sites and mobile clinics. Some states are encountering hesitancy and resistance to getting vaccinated among their populations.
The federal strategy for giving out shots has pivoted from mass vaccination sites, which served millions of people per day at stadiums and conference centers in the spring, to targeted efforts at local pharmacies, doctors’ offices, schools, work sites and community health centers.
The Biden-Harris administration says equity is central to the country’s vaccination efforts. As of November 2, anyone in the U.S. 5 and older is eligible to get a vaccine.
Selena Simmons-Duffin, Ruth Talbot, Thomas Wilburn and Carmel Wroth contributed to this report.
How Many People Support Vaccination Across The World
The London-based research charity The Wellcome Trust published their Wellcome Global Monitor in 2019 on attitudes to science and major health challenges. It is the worlds largest study of its kind, surveying over 140,000 people from over 140 countries. As part of the Gallup World Poll, the 30-question survey ran during 2018.26
The Wellcome Trust survey asked three core questions related to attitudes to vaccines: do people think that vaccines are important for children to have do they think vaccines are safe and do they believe vaccines are effective.
Most people in the world think vaccines are important for children to have
More than 9-in-10 people in the world think that vaccines are important for children to have.
How support varies across the world is shown in the map. We see high support for vaccination across almost all countries. In most countries over 80% of respondents think child vaccination is important, in many countries it is over 90% who think so.
There is a visible North-South divide in attitudes: support is highest across South Asia at 98% 97% in South America 94% in Northern Africa and 92% in Southern Africa. Support is still high, but lower across North America Western Europe and Eastern Europe .
Of those surveyed in Venezuela, Palestine, Ethiopia and Northern Cyprus thought vaccines were most important: 100% were in favour.27
Most people in the world think vaccines are safe, but mistrust is high in some countries
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