Can The Hpv Vaccine Cause Long
Many different clinical trials and scientific studies have looked to see if there are any links between the HPV vaccination and other conditions, including:
They have found no increase in cases of these conditions among people who have been vaccinated against HPV compared with people who have not.
In March 2017, it issued a statement concluding there’s no evidence of any link between the HPV vaccination and these conditions.
Why Are The Number Of Doses Reducing From Three To Two For Those Aged 14 And Under
Those vaccinated at a younger age have a stronger immune response to protect against infection. In trials of Gardasil 9, those aged 9 to 14 produced as many antibodies following two doses of the vaccine as those aged 15 and over following three doses.
The vaccine is recommended and provided through schools at age 1112 because it is more effective when it is given at this age.
The Hpv Vaccine: Doses And Timings
Gardasil has been the HPV vaccine used in the NHS vaccination schedule since 2012.
Sometime during the 2021 to 2022 academic year the HPV vaccine used in the NHS programme will switch to Gardasil 9.
2 doses are needed to complete the course, with the 2nd dose given 6 to 24 months after the 1st dose.
Gardasil 9 can be given for the 1st and 2nd dose or to complete a course that was previously started with Gardasil.
Your school will let you know when your vaccinations are due.
If you miss one of the doses, speak to the school immunisation team or your GP surgery about making an appointment to have the missed dose. Ideally, this should be done as close as possible to the date of the missed vaccine.
Page last reviewed: 10 May 2019 Next review due: 10 May 2022
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Are There Other Ways To Prevent Cervical Cancer
Regular cervical cancer screening and follow-up can prevent most cases of cervical cancer. The Pap test can detect cell changes in the cervix before they turn into cancer. The HPV test looks for the virus that can cause these cell changes. Screening can detect most, but not all, cervical cancers at an early, treatable stage. Most women diagnosed with cervical cancer in the U.S. have either never been screened, or have not been screened in the last 5 years.
The Universal Hpv Vaccination Programme
In England, all boys and girls aged 12 to 13 years are routinely offered the 1st HPV vaccination when they’re in Year 8 at school. The 2nd dose is offered 6 to 24 months after the 1st dose.
If you’re eligible and miss the HPV vaccine offered in Year 8 at school, you can get it for free on the NHS up until your 25th birthday. Contact your school immunisation team or GP surgery.
The vaccine is effective at stopping people getting the high-risk types of HPV that cause cancer, including most cervical cancers and some anal, genital, mouth and throat cancers.
It’s important to have both doses to be properly protected.
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Are Hpv Vaccines Safe
Yes. More than 12 years of safety monitoring show that the vaccines have caused no serious side effects. The most common problems have been brief soreness and other local symptoms at the injection site. These problems are similar to those commonly experienced with other vaccines.
The FDA and the CDC conducted a safety review of adverse side effect s related to Gardasil immunization that have been reported to the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System since the vaccine was licensed . The rates of adverse side effects were consistent with what was seen in safety studies carried out before the vaccine was approved and were similar to those seen with other vaccines. The most recent safety data review for HPV vaccines continues to indicate that these vaccines are safe .
Syncope is sometimes observed with Gardasil, as with other vaccines. Falls after fainting may sometimes cause serious injuries, such as head injuries. These can largely be prevented by keeping the person seated for up to 15 minutes after vaccination. The FDA and CDC have reminded health care providers that, to prevent falls and injuries, all vaccine recipients should remain seated or lying down and be closely observed for 15 minutes after vaccination. More information is available from the CDC on its Human Papillomavirus Vaccine page.
Who Should Not Get The Hpv Vaccine
The use of the HPV vaccine is not recommended for the following people:
- Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction to yeast or to the vaccine previously.
- Pregnant women should delay being vaccinated until after pregnancy. The safety of the vaccine in pregnancy is unknown.
- If you have a fever or illness at the time of vaccination, let your doctor or nurse know before they give the vaccination.
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Are There Other Ways To Prevent Hpv
For those who are sexually active, condoms may lower the chances of getting HPV, if used with every sex act, from start to finish. Condoms may also lower the risk of developing HPV-related diseases . But HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condomso condoms may not fully protect against HPV.
People can also lower their chances of getting HPV by being in a faithful relationship with one partner limiting their number of sex partners and choosing a partner who has had no or few prior sex partners. But even people with only one lifetime sex partner can get HPV. And it may not be possible to determine if a partner who has been sexually active in the past is currently infected. Thats why the only sure way to prevent HPV is to avoid all sexual activity.
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How Can I Prevent Hpv
Vaccines are available that can protect against the most common types of HPV that cause cancer. The Canadian Cancer Society recommends that Canadians get vaccinated to reduce their risk of HPV-related cancer.
Get vaccinated or have your children vaccinated through school-based programs where available. If you are not eligible for a free vaccination, talk to your doctor about which vaccine is right for you and when you should have it.
If you are sexually active, use a condom and other barriers safely to help protect against HPV.
Condoms or other barriers such as an oral dam can reduce HPV infection if put on before skin-to-skin sexual contact. However, areas not covered by these barriers still allow some skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. Using these barriers will reduce but not eliminate the risk of HPV infection.
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Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Canadian Immunization Guide
For health professionals
Last complete chapter revision: May 2017
New recommendation: HPV9 vaccine may be administered to immunocompetent males and females 9 to 14 years of age according to a 2-dose or 3-dose immunization schedule. The second dose of HPV9 vaccine in a 2-dose schedule should not be administered earlier than 24 weeks following the first dose. Immunocompromised individuals should continue to receive a 3-dose immunization schedule, as previously recommended.
Will My Health Insurance Cover The Vaccination
Most health insurance covers the cost of the HPV vaccine series. Ask your insurance company to make sure. The HPV vaccine is part of the Vaccines for Children program. This program covers the cost of the HPV vaccine. It also covers the cost of other vaccines for free up to age 19 for families without insurance.
To learn more about human papillomavirus, see HPV Vaccines and HPV and HPV testing.
To learn more about how HPV vaccination helps prevent cancer, visit Mission: HPV Cancer Free.
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What’s Hpv And How Does It Spread
HPV is very common and can be caught through intimate sexual contact with another person who already has it. More than 70% of unvaccinated people will get it at some point in their life. People are often infected without knowing it as there are usually no symptoms.
Most people who become infected with HPV clear the virus from their body, but others may develop a range of cancers in later life caused by the HPV virus.
Some people may also develop genital warts, which can sometimes be difficult to treat.
Having the vaccine is important because we can’t predict who will develop cancer or genital warts.
What Vaccinated Girls/women Need To Know: Will Girls/women Who Have Been Vaccinated Still Need Cervical Cancer Screening
Yes, vaccinated women will still need regular cervical cancer screening because the vaccine protects against most but not all HPV types that cause cervical cancer. Also, women who got the vaccine after becoming sexually active may not get the full benefit of the vaccine if they had already been exposed to HPV.
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When Should My Child Get The Shot
- 2 doses of the HPV shot are needed, 6-12 months apart.
- If the shots are given less than 5 months apart, a 3rd dose is needed.
If started after 15th birthday
- 3 doses of the HPV shot should be given over 6 months.
- If your teen hasnt gotten the vaccine yet, talk to his/her doctor about getting it as soon as possible.
Your child can get the first dose of the HPV vaccine at the same visit they get vaccines to protect against meningitis and whooping cough.
Will My Insurance Cover The Cost Of The Hpv Vaccine
Most insurance plans cover routine vaccines, which means that if you’re in the recommended age group, your insurance should pay for the vaccine. Check with your insurance company just to be sure. If your family doesn’t have health insurance or you’re on Medicaid, you should be able to get the HPV vaccine for free through the Vaccines for Children program.
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What Are The Benefits Of The Hpv Vaccines
In women who have never been infected with HPV, the vaccines prevent almost 100% of cases of cervical cancer caused by the HPV types covered by the vaccines.
The HPV9 vaccine also prevents about:
- 78% of cases of anal cancers in men caused by the two main types of HPV
- 90% to 100% of cases of genital warts in men and women caused by 2 other types of HPV
How Is The Hpv Vaccine Given
The HPV vaccine is given as 2 injections into the upper arm spaced at least 6 months apart.
It’s important to have both doses of the vaccine to be properly protected.
If you missed the HPV vaccine offered in school Year 8, you can get it for free up until your 25th birthday.
But if you get your 1st vaccine dose at the age of 15 or over, you’ll need to have 3 injections.
Men who have sex with men , and trans men and trans women who are eligible for the vaccine, will need 3 doses of the vaccine .
If you need 3 doses of the vaccine:
- the 2nd dose should be given at least 1 month after the 1st dose
- the 3rd dose should be given at least 3 months after the 2nd dose
It’s important to have all 3 vaccine doses to be properly protected.
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The Hpv Vaccine Is Long
Since being licensed after 8 years of development the HPV vaccine has been studied for over 15 years. Research to date has shown that the vaccine protection does not weaken over time.
Experts expect protection to last for much longer. This will continue to be studied as new data becomes available every year.
How Effective Are The Vaccines
The HPV vaccines have demonstrated very high efficacy in preventing the types of HPV infection for which they are indicated . If you are infected with one of the HPV types in the vaccine, the vaccine will still protect against the other type in the vaccine. HPV DNA testing is not recommended prior to vaccination.
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Extra Doses Of 9vhpv Vaccine
People who have completed the recommended number of doses of 2vHPV or 4vHPV vaccine are not routinely recommended to receive 9vHPV vaccine, because the extra benefit is thought to be marginal.
However, if the person wants protection against the additional HPV types, there appears to be no safety concerns associated with giving 9vHPV after a completed 2vHPV course. 13 The rate of injection site reactions may increase.
Vaccine Efficacy In People Already Infected With Hpv
In women who are vaccinated regardless of their baseline HPV status , vaccine efficacy is lower than in HPV-naive women. This suggests reduced vaccine effectiveness among females who are already sexually active. This is because the HPV vaccines are prophylactic vaccines they prevent primary HPV infection.
Vaccination does not:
- treat an existing HPV infection
- prevent disease that may be caused by an existing vaccine HPV-type infection30,117-119
HPV vaccine protection is believed to be predominantly antibody mediated. Even low levels of antibodies can stop HPV entering the basal epithelial cells. HPV can only access the basal cell at sites of microtrauma, where there is a breach in the epithelium, and circulating HPV antibodies from sera are present at these sites.41
Because antibodies prevent viral entry, vaccination may still benefit sexually active men and women by protecting them against:
- new infections with other vaccine-preventable HPV types
- reinfection with vaccine-preventable types they have previously been exposed to for example, from an infected partner
- auto-inoculation of existing persistent HPV infection to other sites
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Provincial And Territorial Routine And Catch
This table summarizes the current routine vaccination schedule for infants and children in all provinces and territories across Canada. Changes to this schedule are updated regularly in collaboration with the Canadian Nursing Coalition for Immunization and the Canadian Immunization Committee Schedules for each province or territory are available. Additional information is available on Canada.ca/vaccines.
Is This Vaccination Safe
Vaccines have to be rigorously tested before they can be widely distributed. The HPV vaccines were tested on thousands of people and shown to be safe before they were released to the public. These vaccines have been used for years now, and experts say the chance of them causing a serious reaction is very slim. The HPV vaccine does not contain mercury or the preservative thimerosal.
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How Do We Know The Hpv Vaccines Are Safe
A vaccine can only be used in people if scientific tests, called clinical trials, show it’s safe and effective, and the benefits outweigh any risks.
The data from these trials is then looked over by a European Medicines Agency group called the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use.
If the committee is happy the trials show a vaccine is safe, it’ll grant a licence for use in the UK.
Gardasil 9, Gardasil and Cervarix all have EMA licences for use in the UK.
Side Effects Of The Vaccine Against Hpv
Immunisation against HPV is effective and safe, although all medication can have unwanted sideeffects. Common side effects following immunisation are usually mild and temporary . Specific treatment is not usually required.Side effects may include:
- localised pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
- low-grade temperature
- a burning sensation
at the injection site for one to two days. Paracetamol might be required to ease the discomfort.
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National Advisory Committee On Immunization Recommendations
In February 2007, based on sound scientific consideration, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization issued recommendations for the use of Gardasil® for females ages nine to 26. In January 2012, NACI issued an update on human papillomavirus vaccines, which included recommendations in light of the expanded use of Gardasil® for males ages nine to 26 and females ages 27 to 45, as well as the approval of Cervarix® for females. In 2015, NACI issued updated recommendations on the HPV immunization schedule, including recommendations for either a 2- or 3- dose schedule in healthy, immunocompetent, non-HIV infected individuals 9-14 years of age, based on new evidence about the efficacy of HPV vaccines in this population. In 2016, NACI issued recommendations on the new vaccine, Gardasil®9, authorized for use in Canada. In 2017, NACI provided evidence-based recommendations on a 2-dose schedule for the most recently approved HPV vaccine, and summarized evidence and resulting recommendations on HPV immunization in immunocompromised populations.
Currently, all HPV vaccines are recommended by NACI for:
- girls and women 9 to less than 27 years of age, including those who have had previous Pap test abnormalities, cervical cancer or genital warts, and may be administered to women 27 years of age and older at ongoing risk of exposure to HPV
HPV vaccination prior to onset of sexual activity and exposure to HPV is recommended to maximize the benefit of the vaccine.