Sunday, June 4, 2023

How Many Meningitis Vaccines Do You Need

Menb Vaccines Are Safe

Why do Teens Need Vaccines? | Fact Check: FAQs on Kids Vaccines

Available data show that MenB vaccines are safe. Side effects like pain at the injection site, fever, and headache are common. These side effects usually resolve on their own within 3 to 5 days after vaccination. MenB vaccines are more reactogenic than other adolescent vaccines . They are likely to produce common or expected short-term side effects . There have been no unusual patterns of serious reactions associated with these vaccines.

Most Health Insurance Plans Cover The Cost For Menb Vaccination

Most health plans must cover CDC-recommended vaccines with no out-of-pocket costs if an in-network healthcare provider administers the vaccine. Adolescents or their parents should check with their insurance provider for details on whether there is any cost to them for this vaccine.

The Vaccines for Children, or VFC, program provides vaccines for children 18 and younger who are

  • Not insured
  • Medicaid-eligible
  • American Indian or Alaska Native

Parents can find a VFC provider by contacting their local health department. VFC will cover the cost of MenB vaccination for those

  • 16 through 18 years of age
  • 10 through 18 years of age identified as being at increased risk due to a medical condition
  • 10 through 18 years of age identified as being at increased risk due to a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak

How Is Menactra Given

Menactra is given as an injection into a muscle.

Menactra is recommended if:

  • you’ve been exposed to an outbreak of meningococcal disease

  • you are in the military

  • you work in a laboratory and are exposed to meningococcal bacteria

  • you live in a dormitory or other group housing

  • you live in or travel to an area where meningococcal disease is common

  • you have a medical problem affecting your spleen, or your spleen has been removed

  • you use a medicine called eculizumab or ravulizumab or

  • you have an immune system disorder called “complement component deficiency.”

Menactra is usually given only once to adults and children 2 years and older. You may need a booster dose if you have a high risk of meningococcal infection and it has been at least 4 years since you last received this vaccine. Younger children will need to receive 2 doses.

Your booster schedule may be different. Follow the guidelines provided by your doctor or local health department.

Be sure to receive all recommended doses of Menactra or you may not be fully protected against disease.

There are other types of meningococcal vaccine available. When you receive a booster dose, make sure you are receiving a vaccine for meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, or Y and not for serogroup B.

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Problems That Could Happen After Getting Any Injected Vaccine

  • People sometimes faint after medical procedures, including vaccination. Sitting or lying down for about 15 minutes can help prevent fainting, and injuries caused by a fall. Tell the provider if you or your child feel dizzy, have vision changes, or have ringing in the ears.
  • As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a severe allergic reaction, other serious injury, or death.

Routine Menacwy Vaccination Of Adolescents

Vaccinations: What you need to know at any age

All 11 to 12 year olds should receive a meningococcal conjugate vaccine. Since protection wanes, CDC recommends a booster dose at age 16 years. The booster dose provides protection during the ages when adolescents are at highest risk of meningococcal disease.

  • For adolescents who receive the first dose at age 13 through 15 years, administer a booster dose at age 16 through 18 years, before the period of increased risk.
  • Adolescents who receive their first dose of MenACWY vaccine at or after age 16 years do not need a booster dose.
  • Adolescents who are at increased risk due to medical conditions need a 2-dose primary series of MenACWY vaccine administered 8 weeks apart, as well as regular booster doses every 5 years.
  • CDC also recommends a booster dose for those at increased risk due to an outbreak if 5 or more years have passed since receiving MenACWY.

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Simultaneous Administration With Other Vaccines

Men-C-C and 4CMenB vaccine may be administered concomitantly with routine childhood vaccines, and Men-C-ACYW vaccine may be administered concomitantly with adolescent and adult age appropriate vaccines. MenB-fHBP can be given concomitantly with quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine meningococcal serogroup A, C, Y, W conjugate vaccine and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed. The concomitant administration of MenB-fHBP has not been studied with other vaccines.

Men-C-ACYW-CRM can be administered with routine paediatric vaccines however, further studies are needed with regard to concomitant administration with pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine. Co-administration of Men-C-ACYW-CRM and combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine may result in a lower immune response to the pertussis antigens than when Tdap vaccine is given alone however, the clinical significance of this is unknown. Tdap vaccine given one month after Men-C-ACYW-CRM induces the strongest immunologic response to pertussis antigens.

If vaccines are to be administered concomitantly with another vaccine, a separate injection site and a different syringe must be used for each injection.

Refer to Timing of Vaccine Administration in Part 1 for additional general information.

Rare Side Effects Of Meningococcal Immunisation

There is a very small risk of a serious allergic reaction to any vaccine. This is why you are advised to stay at the clinic or medical surgery for at least 15 minutes following immunisation in case further treatment is required.

If any other reactions are severe and persistent, or if you are worried, contact your doctor for further information.

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Where Can Students Get The Bacterial Meningitis Vaccine

Students with insurance The bacterial meningitis vaccine is available at most doctors’ offices and private clinics, many large pharmacy chains, and some minor emergency centers or medi-clinics. It is recommended that the student call to schedule an appointment to confirm that the facility offers the vaccine and accepts their insurance. The UH Health Center offers the bacterial meningitis vaccine for a cost to admitted students, but the health care providers mentioned above may be able to provide the vaccine at a lower cost.

Students with Medicaid or CHIP The first option for students who have Medicaid or CHIP should be to contact his/her established healthcare provider to see if they offer the vaccine.

Students without insurance or whose insurance doesnt cover the bacterial meningitis vaccine

  • If the student is 18 or younger, he/she may qualify for the Texas Vaccines for Children Program. Call the United Way’s referral helpline, by dialing 211, to find healthcare providers in the area who participate in this program.
  • Many Texas city/county health departments offer free or low-cost meningococcal vaccine as part of children and adult immunization programs. The student should call to confirm that they offer the bacterial meningitis vaccine for the students age and specific circumstances. This link provides additional information on these services: “Full Service” City/County Health Departments in Texas.
  • Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Vaccine

    SDSU students may need to get another meningitis vaccine

    Before a vaccine became available for it, Haemophilus influenzae type b was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Hib is much less common today due to vaccinations.

    Doctors usually administer the Hib vaccine at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. They will administer it again between the ages of 12 and 15 months.

    The dosing regimen depends on the brand of vaccine an infant receives.

    Doctors will give this vaccine either alone or as part of a combination vaccine.

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    Is Meningococcal Vaccine The Same As Meningitis Vaccine

    The 2 types of meningococcal/meningitis vaccines offer protection against the ACWY and B strains of Neisseria bacteria that can cause meningitis . A pneumococcal vaccine is routinely administered to infants and young children which helps to prevent pneumococcal meningitis, a rare complication of invasive pneumococcal disease.

    Acwy Vaccination Is Free For Some People

    In Victoria, immunisation against meningococcal serogroups A, C, W and Y is available for free as part of the National Immunisation Program schedule for:

    • children aged 12 months
    • children from 13 months to under 20 years of age, who did not have their meningococcal C vaccine at 12 months
    • young people in Year 10 of secondary school
    • young people not in secondary school, aged 15 to 19 years.

    Young people in the 15 to 19 years age group are more likely to spread the disease to others. One in five people in this age group carry the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease. Immunisation experts have advised that immunising this age group can prevent spread to other age groups and protect the wider community.

    Eligible young people who are away from school on the day the vaccine was given, or who do not attend secondary school, can attend either a local government community immunisation session, or a general practitioner to receive the free meningococcal ACWY vaccine. The GP may charge a consultation fee.

    Contact your local government to find out when and where immunisation sessions are held.

    • People with specified medical risk conditions can also receive free meningococcal ACWY vaccine. This includes people with:
    • a poorly functioning spleen or no spleen, including sickle cell disease or other haemoglobinopathies
    • defects in, or a deficiency of, a complement component, including factor H, factor D or properdin deficiency
    • current or future treatment with eculizumab .

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    Meningococcal B Vaccine For Children Less Than Two Years Of Age

    Fever is common in children aged two or under two years of age when meningococcal B vaccine is given.

    It is recommended to use paracetamol 30 minutes before every dose of meningococcal B vaccine given to children under two years of age or as soon as practicable. Follow this with two more doses of paracetamol given 6 hours apart, even if the children do not have a fever.

    This is to:

    • reduce the chance of fever occurring
    • reduce the severity of fever that does occur.

    Be sure to give the paracetamol dose that is written on the bottle according to your child’s weight.

    Where Do I Send The Required Documentation

    Video: Bacterial Meningitis and the Importance of Vaccinations

    For faster processing, write your myUH ID number on the top right corner of each document submitted.

    in your myUH self-service account.

    *Note: Conscience Objector Affidavits from the Texas Department of State Health Services are NOT accepted through your myUH self-service account or by email or fax. These affidavits must be original documents submitted in person or by mail.

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    Are There Any Adults Who Should Not Get The Meningococcal Vaccine

    You shouldn’t get either type of meningococcal vaccine if you:

    • Are moderately or seriously ill wait until you recover.
    • Have had a serious allergic reaction to a previous dose
    • Had a severe reaction to any part of the vaccine

    If you are pregnant or have other concerns, ask your doctor which meningitis vaccine is right for you.

    Before Taking This Medicine

    You may not be able to receive Menactra if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to a meningococcal, diphtheria, or tetanus vaccine.

    Menactra may need to be postponed or not given at all if you have:

    • a severe illness with a fever or any type of infection

    • a weak immune system caused by disease or by using certain medicine

    • a history of Guillain-Barré syndrome or

    • a history of premature birth.

    You can still receive a vaccine if you’ve a minor cold.

    Your doctor should determine whether you need Menactra during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

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    Tuberculosis Screening Requirement For High

    The University requires all incoming International and Intensive English Language Institute students who were previously diagnosed or treated for TB or are considered to be at high risk for tubercular disease, as defined by the World Health Organization or United States of America Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, to be screened for tuberculosis . High-risk students must be screened and/or tested for TB within a 3-week window after the 12th class day of their first term of study on the UNT campus.

    TB is an infectious disease that usually occurs in the lungs. It is found in many countries around the world. TB can be either active, with obvious symptoms, or latent, with no obvious symptoms. Latent TB cannot be passed to other people, but it can turn into active TB. Thus, both active and latent TB must be treated, and both can be treated effectively when found early. Persons are only infectious when they have active TB.

    Students may either be tested at the SHWC or provide documentation to Student Health and Wellness Center verifying that they were tested for TB on a previous date and report the results of his or her TB test using the Tuberculosis Screening Record for Outside Providers form. The documentation must be validated with the signature and stamp/seal of a physician or authorized official and provide clear documentation of the date given and date read.

    Required Steps:

    Why Are Meningococcal Vaccines Recommended

    Meningococcus Vaccine – Why Do College Students Need It?

    Meningococcal disease is caused by a type of bacteria. It can lead to an infection of the bloodstream or meningitis, or both, and can be life-threatening if not quickly treated. The MenACWY vaccine is very effective at protecting against four strains of the bacteria, while the MenB vaccine protects against a fifth strain.

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    When To Get Vaccinations Against Viral Causes Of Meningitis

    Unfortunately, there isnt a vaccine for the most common cause of viral meningitis called non-polio enteroviruses. In rare cases, other kinds of viral infections can lead to meningitis. These viral infections have vaccines that are available in the U.S. They include:

    The vaccinations for these infections all have their own schedule for when you should get them the most frequent being your yearly flu shot. Measles and mumps vaccinations are first completed around the age of six then need to be updated in adolescence and adulthood. Talk to your doctor to make sure that youre up-to-date with your vaccinations.

    How Do People Get Meningococcal Meningitis

    Transmission is through close contact and by droplet – through saliva, mucus, kissing, sharing eating utensils, coughing and sneezing. This is a concern particularly in day-care centres, schools, college dormitories or young adults in close living conditions. It is also a risk if travelling in areas that have an outbreak of meningococcal infections. Transmission can occur from someone who is showing symptoms of meningococcal infection and also from asymptomatic carriers.

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    What Are The Side Effects

    About half of people who get a MenACWY vaccine have mild side effects following vaccination:

    • Redness or pain where they got the shot
    • Fever

    These reactions usually get better on their own within 1 to 2 days, but serious reactions are possible.

    Following a MenB shot, more than half of people who get the vaccine will have mild problems:

    • Soreness, redness, or swelling where you got the shot
    • Tiredness

    Healthy Infants And Children

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    One dose of Men-C-C vaccine is recommended in unimmunized children less than 5 years of age. One dose of Men-C-C vaccine may be considered for children 5 to 11 years of age if they have not previously been immunized as infants or toddlers. Immunization with 4CMenB vaccine or MenB-fHBP may be considered on an individual basis, depending on individual preferences, regional serogroup B epidemiology and strain susceptibility.

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    Menb Vaccination Of Adults At Increased Risk

    MenB vaccines are not approved for use in people under 10 years old. Adults should receive a MenB vaccine if they are at increased risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease due to

    • Having certain medical conditions
    • Complement component deficiency
    • Functional or anatomic asplenia
  • Taking specific medications
  • Complement inhibitor
  • Working in specific professions or settings
  • Microbiologist who is routinely exposed to Neisseria meningitidis
  • Being a part of a community experiencing a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak
  • Those who remain at increased risk need regular booster doses.

    • Administer a booster dose of MenB vaccine 1 year after series completion and then every 2 to 3 years thereafter.
    • For those at increased risk due to an outbreak who previously received the MenB vaccine series, CDC recommends a booster dose if a year or more has passed since primary series completion.

    Who Should Not Get A Meningococcal Vaccine

    Your preteen or teen shouldn’t get the meningococcal vaccine if they:

    • Has had a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction to a meningococcal vaccine before or to any vaccine component
    • Is moderately or severely ill
    • Has ever had Guillain-Barre syndrome

    Pregnant women can get the meningococcal vaccine, but it’s only recommended for those with certain immune problems or those likely to be exposed to meningitis. With the newer MCV4 and MenB vaccines, there hasn’t been as much study in pregnant women compared to the MPSV4 vaccine.

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    Requirement Deadlines For Ieli Students

    If you were attending IELI classes at UNT during Fall I and/or Fall II 2021 sessions, proof of immunization against bacterial meningitis is required.

    Students who receive vaccination after the deadline must submit a request for an extension.

    Fall 2021: The last day to receive the immunization and enroll in classes without requesting an extension is August 19, 2021.

    Fall 2021: The last day to receive the immunization and enroll in classes without requesting an extension is October 13, 2021.

    Immunization documentation for IELI students may be submitted to UNT electronically, through the U.S. Postal Service, or delivered by hand to:

    Office of Admissions

    Why The Meningitis B Vaccine Is Used

    The Government says ‘no’ to more meningitis B vaccines

    There are many reasons that the meningitis B vaccine was developed and why you would want to protect yourself and those you love against it.

    Meningitis B is a serious disease that progresses quickly and can lead to death. The mortality rate from meningitis B in the United States is about 10 to 15 percent when treated and up to 50 percent when untreated. Its also possible to develop long-term conditions such as hearing loss or even brain damage after recovering from meningitis B.

    The MenB bacterial infection is passed between people through saliva and respiratory fluids. Activities like sharing drinks, kissing, or coughing can spread the bacterium. The meningitis B vaccine can help reduce transmission between people and prevent or manage outbreaks.

    Unlike many diseases, meningitis B is most common in young people. Infants and young children are at the highest risk. Adolescents and young adults are at the next highest risk of infection.

    Between 2013 and 2018, meningococcal disease outbreaks occurred at 10 universities and led to two deaths. All 10 universities implemented MenB vaccination to prevent further spread.

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