Who Got The Flu Shot
Vaccine coverage for adults in the 2019/20 season was similar to the coverage in the previous season .
Figure 1: Seasonal flu vaccination coverage, 2017-2018 to 2019-2020 flu seasons.
Canadas goal is to have 80% of those at higher risk of complications from the flu vaccinated. This includes seniors and adults aged 18-64 years with chronic medical conditions.
In the 2019/20 season:
- more females than males were vaccinated
- only 4 in 10 Canadian adults with chronic medical conditions received the flu shot, which fell short of the national goal of 80%
- the highest vaccine uptake was among seniors , which is approaching the national goal of 80%
Where Are The Vaccines Coming From
The Pfizer-BioNTech jab – the first to be given the green light last December – is being imported from Puurs, Belgium.
A second vaccine, from Oxford University and AstraZeneca, is being made at a number of sites in Britain. Further doses are expected to come from the Serum Institute of India and the Halix plant in the Dutch city of Leiden.
The third, from Moderna, is coming from sites in Switzerland and Spain, via Belgium, while the Janssen vaccine, due to arrive later this year, is produced in the Netherlands by the Belgian firm, owned by Johnson & Johnson.
The UK is also lined up to receive another vaccine if approved for use.
The jab, manufactured by US firm Novavax, will be made in Stockton-on-Tees in north-east England.
You’re Vaccinated Congrats Now What Can You Do Safely
After a slow kickoff in December, vaccine administration improved in scale and efficiency. The country surpassed President Biden’s initial goals of getting 100 million vaccines into arms in his first 100 days, reaching 200 million vaccines by day 92.
Administration rates peaked in early April with the United States giving out more than 3 million COVID-19 shots per day but have declined dramatically since, once people who were most eager to get vaccinated received their shots.
Vaccine eligibility opened across the country to everyone 16 and up in the U.S. in mid-April, and expanded to kids as young as 12 in mid-May. By July, the country had made significant progress, but still fell several million people short of President Biden’s goal of getting at least one shot to 70% of adults in the U.S. by Independence Day.
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Knowledge Attitudes And Beliefs About The Flu Shot
- Majority of people agreed that the flu vaccine is safe and 91% believed that they understand why the flu vaccine is recommended annually.
- However, 16% of adults strongly agreed and 25% somewhat agreed that the flu vaccine does not protect them against the flu.
- About the same proportions strongly or somewhat agreed that they might get the flu from the flu vaccine which is not possible for any flu vaccine.
Vaccine Rollout: International Comparison
In the following two charts you can see how Australias vaccine rollout compares with other countries, in terms of doses administered per 100 people.
This first chart adjusts for the fact that countries started administering vaccines on different dates. It shows how Australia compares to select countries at equivalent points in their vaccine rollouts.
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How Many People Support Vaccination Across The World
The London-based research charity The Wellcome Trust published their Wellcome Global Monitor in 2019 on attitudes to science and major health challenges. It is the worlds largest study of its kind, surveying over 140,000 people from over 140 countries. As part of the Gallup World Poll, the 30-question survey ran during 2018.26
The Wellcome Trust survey asked three core questions related to attitudes to vaccines: do people think that vaccines are important for children to have do they think vaccines are safe and do they believe vaccines are effective.
Most people in the world think vaccines are important for children to have
More than 9-in-10 people in the world think that vaccines are important for children to have.
How support varies across the world is shown in the map. We see high support for vaccination across almost all countries. In most countries over 80% of respondents think child vaccination is important, in many countries it is over 90% who think so.
There is a visible North-South divide in attitudes: support is highest across South Asia at 98% 97% in South America 94% in Northern Africa and 92% in Southern Africa. Support is still high, but lower across North America Western Europe and Eastern Europe .
Of those surveyed in Venezuela, Palestine, Ethiopia and Northern Cyprus thought vaccines were most important: 100% were in favour.27
Most people in the world think vaccines are safe, but mistrust is high in some countries
How Is The Rollout Going
So far, more than 48 million people have had a first vaccine dose – 89% of over-16s – and more than 44 million – 81% of over-16s – have had both doses.
The number of first doses administered each day is now averaging about 23,000 – far below a peak of some 500,000 in mid-March.
An average of about 74,000 second doses are now being given a day.
Progress made in the UK so far means the country continues to be among those with the highest vaccination rates globally – but it has slipped out of the top 10 countries with a population of at least one million.
Vaccination rates have now levelled off in every age group in England apart from 16 and 17-year-olds, as the chart below shows.
The highest rates of vaccination can be seen in the oldest age groups – among the first to be vaccinated.
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Answers To Key Questions About The Covid
To help answer common vaccine questions, we consulted Dr. Stanley Perlman, a professor at the University of Iowas Carver College of Medicine and a member of the U.S. Food and Drug Administrations vaccine advisory committee, and Angela Shen, a visiting scientist with the Vaccine Education Center at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia.
When can I get a vaccine?
Now, if you’re at least 12 years old. President Joe Biden directed all states to open vaccine access to anyone 16 or older by April 19, 2021even earlier than his prior deadline of May 1. And in May, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said kids ages 12 to 15 can get Pfizer-BioNTech’s shot. Some states are now allowing non-residents to get vaccinated, or making some clinics appointment-free.
Im in a high-risk group. How do I make sure I get vaccinated early?
At this point, you don’t have to worry about meeting strict eligibility criteria. States were directed to open vaccine access to all adults by April 19, and adolescents were cleared to get Pfizer-BioNTech’s vaccine in May. As long as you’re at least 12 years old, you should be able to get a vaccine in your area.
Where will COVID-19 vaccines be available?
How much will it cost to get vaccinated?
Nothing for the vaccine itself. The federal Operation Warp Speed program funded vaccine development with the intent that they be offered free to all Americans, regardless of insurance status.
Can I choose which vaccine I get?
Can pregnant people get the vaccine?
The Real Reason Why So Many People Wont Get Vaccinated
There are lots of people who arent going to get the COVID-19 vaccine. According to a Carnegie Mellon report released in March 2021, about 23% of respondents are still hesitant to be vaccinated against coronavirus. The rate is highest among African Americans, people of color in general, and young people. Concern about side effects was the top reason cited in the report. Another Kaiser study identified evangelicals, Republicans, and those without college degrees to be less likely to be vaccinated.
The affirmative scientific case in favor of getting vaccinated is clear. And for what its worth I am in the get vaccinated camp. I was working as a dialysis nurse in Chicago hospitals when the vaccine became available, so I was fully vaccinated by the end of January. On behalf of all healthcare workers who are sick of wearing N95s and plastic gowns that double as sweat suits, please get vaccinated.
The problem of misinformation about the vaccine and vaccine-related deaths is real and bears some responsibility for people choosing to skip the vaccine. Its also true that the larger anti-vax movement has been heavily influenced by social media.
However, blaming misinformation misses a very important question that needs to be considered:
The biggest problem facing the U.S. vaccination effort isnt the misinformation nor the strength of the arguments in favor of vaccination. Its the lack of trust in the institutions that are presenting the case.
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Smallpox And The Origin Of Vaccination
Vaccination has a long history. An early form of vaccination was referred to as variolation or more broadly as inoculation. Practised for a long time in Asia, this was an ancient technique of deliberate smallpox infection in which dried smallpox scabs were blown up the nose to infect the person with a form of the disease which was often milder. By the 1700s variolation had spread to Africa, India and the Ottoman Empire, followed by the UK and America, where the method of infection more frequently used was a puncture to the skin.
Variolation did work, but there were large risks. Those variolated could contract the more severe form of smallpox and die, and they could also transmit the disease to others.
In 1796 English physician Edward Jenner demonstrated another method of inoculation in which he relied on cowpox. Cowpox is a similar disease to smallpox and it had previously been observed that an infection with cowpox can protect against smallpox. Jenner conducted an experiment using matter from a cowpox lesion to inoculate his gardeners eight-year-old son James Phipps. Two months later Jenner exposed the boy to smallpox lesion matter and when Phipps did not develop smallpox he concluded that he was protected against the disease. Jenner called the procedure vaccination after vacca the Latin word for cow because of the origin of this first vaccination from the cowpox virus.
Not The Same Everywhere
R0 values differ from place to place because their populations behave differently social interactions are not the same in rural and urban locations, nor in warm climates compared to cold ones, for example.
Using the data on positive cases, hospitalizations and deaths, my model estimates that Connecticut currently has an R0 of 2.88, meaning that, on average, every infected person would pass the virus on to 2.88 other people if no mitigation measures were in place. Estimates at the county level range from 1.44 in rural Alpine, California to 4.31 in urban Hudson, New Jersey.
But finding an R0 value for the entire U.S. is especially tricky because of the diversity of climates and because the virus has affected different areas at different times behavior has been far from uniform. Estimates vary from 2.47 to 8.2, though most researchers place R0 for the entire U.S. around 3.
While R0 varies by location and between estimates, the effectiveness of the vaccines is constant and well known. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are 95% and 94.5% effective at preventing COVID-19, respectively.
Using values for vaccine effectiveness and the R0, we can calculate the critical vaccination level. For Connecticut, with an R0 of 2.88, 69% of the population needs to be vaccinated. For the entire U.S., with R0 of 3, this would be 70%. In New York City, with an estimated R0 of 4.26 this would be 80%.
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Federal Data On Covid
The CDC reports demographic characteristics, including race/ethnicity, of people receiving COVID-19 vaccinations at the national level. As of October 4, 2021, CDC reported that race/ethnicity was known for 61% of people who had received at least one dose of the vaccine. Among this group, nearly two thirds were White , 11% were Black, 17% were Hispanic, 6% were Asian, 1% were American Indian or Alaska Native, and < 1% were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, while 5% reported multiple or other race. CDC data also show that recent vaccinations are reaching a larger share of the Black population compared to their share of overall vaccinations and their share of the total population , which will narrow their gap in vaccinations at the national level. The share of overall vaccinations that have gone to Hispanic people is the same as their share of total population . The share of recent vaccinations going to Hispanic people is 15%, which represents a decline from earlier periods during which the share of recent vaccinations going to Hispanic people was larger than their share of the total population . While these data provide helpful insights at the national level, to date, CDC is not publicly reporting state-level data on the racial/ethnic composition of people vaccinated.
Figure 1: Race/Ethnicity of People Receiving a COVID-19 Vaccine in the U.S. as of October 4, 2021
Covid Vaccine Tracker: How Many People Have Been Vaccinated In The Uk
- Coronavirus vaccine
- Thursday 16 September 2021, 4:42pm
With the biggest vaccination programme in British history underway, follow the progress of the Covid vaccine rollout with our tracker.
This page is being updated regularly with the latest data on how many people have been vaccinated across the UK.
What is the government’s target?
On January 4, Boris Johnson said: “By the middle of February, if things go well and with a fair wind in our sails, we expect to have offered the first vaccine dose to everyone in the four top priority groups identified by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation .” On February 14, figures showed the UK had passed the 15 million figure for first doses administered for the top four priority groups those aged 65 and over, and those over 18 who are clinically extremely vulnerable individuals.The next target was to have everyone in priority groups 5-9 – a further 17.2 million people aged 65 and 70, and those aged 18-64 with underlying health conditions – to be offered their first dose by the middle of April, completing phase one of the vaccination programme. That target was met on 12 April.
Phase two – groups 10-12 – covers all adults aged between 18 and 49. Johnson has pledged everyone in phase two will be offered a first dose by July 19.
The date for offering everyone a first dose was originally the end of July but Johnson brought the date forward to July 19 on June 14.
How many people in the UK have been given the vaccine so far?
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How Many Vaccinated People Got Covid
The study reviewed how COVID-19 spread from April 4 to July 17, which was when the delta variant becomes prominent among 13 states in the U.S.
- Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Indiana, Los Angeles County , Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York City , North Carolina, Seattle/King County and Utah.
Heres a breakdown of the COVID-19 numbers for those states:
- Not fully vaccinated: 569,142 COVID-19 cases, 34,972 hospitalizations and 6,132 COVID-19associated deaths.
- Vaccinated people: 46,312 cases, 2,976 hospitalizations and 616 deaths.
The study said that during the specific time frame of April 4June 19, fully vaccinated people accounted for 5% of total COVID-19 cases, 7% of COVID-19 hospitalizations and 8% of deaths overall.
- These percentages were higher during June 20 to July 17 time frame, when fully vaccinated people accounted for 18% of cases, 14% of hospitalizations and 16% of deaths, per the CDC.
Vaccine Development: Vaccines Approved For Use And In Clinical Trials
The speed at which the first COVID-19 vaccines were developed was extraordinary. We have previously looked into the history of vaccine development. The measles vaccine was found relatively rapidly: it took only 10 years from the discovery of the pathogen to the development of the first vaccine. But for typhoid it took more than a century, and for some diseases for which weve known the pathogens for more than a century we still havent found an effective vaccine.
The development of a vaccine against COVID-19 has been much faster than the development of any other vaccine. Within less than a year several successful vaccines have already been announced and were approved for use in some countries.
The hope is that even more manufacturers develop vaccines for COVID-19. This will be important because eventually a very large share of the world population needs to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
We are on the way to several vaccines against COVID-19 vaccine trackers monitor the progress:
Several institutions maintain websites on which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed:
|Oxford/AstraZeneca, Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinovac, Sputnik V|
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Natural Immunity Survivable Disease
Many Canadians also told CTVNews.ca they aren’t getting vaccinated against COVID-19 because they either already had the disease and believe they have sufficient antibodies to protect themselves, or they said they are healthy enough to survive the disease should they contract it.
Annalisa Cannella, who is from Montreal, said she refuses to get the vaccine because she and 15 members of her family contracted COVID-19 in late 2020 and now believe they have a “natural immunity” against the disease.
Cannella said she thinks that the antibodies she has after being sick “should be more reliable” than those generated from a vaccine.
Cannella acknowledged that her family “had it pretty good” in that none of them had severe symptoms with COVID-19 infection and all recovered.
“The average cold affects me more than when I had COVID. My five kids had it and most didn’t even have symptoms,” she wrote.
Because her family survived, Cannella said she doesn’t see the point in getting vaccinated.
“With the vaccine you can still transmit the virus to others and get it,” she wrote. “So honestly I see no benefit to getting this rushed experimental injection.”
The Public Health Agency of Canada says the risk of getting COVID-19 is “evolving daily and varies” between communities, genders and ages.
However, the agency notes that the risk to most Canadians “remains high” and recommends anyone who is eligible get vaccinated.