Do People Still Get Whooping Cough In The United States
Before the whooping cough vaccines were recommended for all infants, about 8,000 people in the United States died each year from whooping cough. Today, because of the vaccine, this number has dropped to fewer than 20 per year.
But, cases of whooping cough have been increasing over the past several years, and outbreaks of whooping cough can occur.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommend children receive all vaccines according to the recommended vaccine schedule.
Who Else Is The Vaccine Recommended For
Pregnant women should get a whooping cough booster vaccination from 16 weeks’ gestation onwards. At this time, the mother can pass her immunity on to the baby, helping protect them until they are old enough to be vaccinated themselves.
At age 45, adults are eligible for combined tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough vaccine if they have not previously received four doses of tetanus vaccine.
At age 65, adults are eligible for combined tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough vaccine, which will replace the existing combined tetanus and diphtheria vaccine from late August 2020 as stocks of the latter run out.
Other adults can receive booster vaccinations for a cost. Immunisation is recommended if:
- your work involves regular contact with infants
- you live with or care for infants under 12 months of age even if the baby has been fully immunised.
Boosters should also be considered for other people who are vulnerable to whooping cough and at high risk of severe illness or complications .
Which Routine Vaccinations Are Covered By Medicare
The government’s National Immunisation Program Schedule lists the immunisations given at specific times in life. Routine vaccinations are typically available for free from providers that bulk bill. The eligibility for free vaccines is linked to eligibility for Medicare benefits.
Here are the key vaccines listed under the NIP:
|Routine vaccine||When is it administered under the NIP Schedule?|
|Hepatitis A||2 dose schedule at 18 months and 4 years of age|
|Diphtheria||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Tetanus||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Whooping Cough||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Hepatitis B||Typically first offered in the hospital post-birth then at 6 weeks 4 and 6 months|
|Polio||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Haemophilus Influenzae Type B||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Rotavirus||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Pneumococcal||Can be given from 6 weeks of age|
|Varicella||Given to children at 18 months|
|Meningococcal meningitis||Offered at 12 months and again in school programs at age of 14-16|
|Measles, Mumps and Rubella||Routinely offered at 12 months|
|Human Papillomavirus||Offered via school programs at age of 12-13|
|Shingles||Offered to those between 70-79|
|Annual Influenza||Offered free-of-charge to the following:
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Is There Still A Whooping Cough Epidemic In Washington
Our statewide case count of 4,918 during the epidemic of 2012 was well above what we expect to see in an average yearâthe highest level since 1941, when 4,960 cases were reported. The pace of new whooping cough cases slowed after the 2012 epidemic, but some communities are beginning to see higher numbers again. Even when the number of cases decreases, it’s important to remember that whooping cough never goes away completely. Getting vaccinated and staying away from others when you are sick are the best ways to slow the spread of whooping cough and protect people at highest risk, like babies and pregnant women. Find the current number of whooping cough cases in Washington , or the number of whooping cough cases reported in past years.
What Are The Symptoms
Symptoms typically appear 7 10 days following infection and at first resemble those of a cold: blocked or runny nose, tiredness, cough and mild fever. Typically the cough will gradually worsen and severe bouts of uncontrollable coughing can develop, at times triggering vomiting and choking – these awful symptoms are often worse at night. If not treated early, people with whooping cough are infectious for a period of around 3 weeks.
Complications can be life-threatening, particularly in newborns and premature infants, when the infection can cause apnoea , pneumonia, low blood pressure leading to organ failure, seizures, brain damage and, in some cases, death. Hospitalisation rates are high among babies under 12 months of age infected with pertussis.
Disease outcomes in older children and adults are not as severe. However, among adults, asthmatics and smokers have a higher risk of developing pneumonia. Coughing bouts can lead to associated complications such as fainting, dizziness, incontinence, rib fractures and broken blood vessels in the white of eyes.
The period of infectiousness can extend for three weeks after the onset of the cough and the infection itself can linger for one to two months.
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Where Can I Get Whooping Cough Vaccine
There are many places that offer whooping cough vaccine:
- Your health care provider
- Your local health agency
For your child, vaccines are often due on their scheduled well child visits and will be given by their healthcare provider. If you need help finding a health care provider or if you don’t have health insurance, call the Family Health Hotline at 1-800-322-2588 or visit the ParentHelp123 website.
Why Should Pregnant Women Get Vaccinated During Each Pregnancy
Women should be vaccinated during each pregnancy because the mother passes some protection to the baby before he or she is born, and because protection from Tdap is most effective within the first year after receiving the vaccine. Whooping cough can be serious for infants, and most get it from parents, siblings, or caregivers. Getting the mother vaccinated at each pregnancy provides the best protection for each baby.
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How Will My Doctor Know If I Have Whooping Cough
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and if you have been in contact with someone who has whooping cough. They will listen to your breathing.
If the doctor thinks you may have whooping cough, they might tell you to have some tests. The tests include a nose or throat swab or a blood test. These tests can help work out if you have whooping cough.
It is best to have these tests when your symptoms first start. Do not delay going to your doctor if you think you have whooping cough.
How Many People Need To Be Immunized To Reach Community Immunity
Typically, more than 90 percent of a population must be vaccinated against a disease to produce general protection for the population. Since whooping cough vaccines don’t last a lifetime, and because it spreads so easily, we can’t rely on community immunity to protect us from this disease. Making sure you and those around you are up to date on whooping cough vaccine is your best chance to protect yourself and your family from this serious disease.
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Sometimes Hospital Treatment Is Needed
Young children and older adults who are very unwell with whooping cough may need to stay in hospital. Sometimes whooping cough may make it hard to breathe and drink, so hospital treatment may include:
- oxygen by a nasal tube during or after the coughing bouts
- fluids by an intravenous drip , or by nasogastric feeding .
How Many People Are Vaccinated In Washington
According to data from the National Immunization Survey , here are the vaccination rates in 2016 for children and adolescents in Washington:
13-17 year olds
1 dose or more of Tdap
The Tdap vaccination rate for adults in our state isn’t available. The national adult Tdap rate in 2014 was 22 percent, according to the National Health Interview Survey.
Find more whooping cough vaccination rates from the CDC:
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Why Is Whooping Cough A Concern
Whooping cough is not under control in Aotearoa New Zealand. Every 35 years there are outbreaks with several thousand people affected.
More than half of babies under 1 year of age who get whooping cough will need to be treated in hospital, and 1 or 2 of every 100 hospitalised babies will die.
Having whooping cough can lead to other complications such as pneumonia, seizures, paralysis, deafness and blindness.
What Is Whooping Cough
Pertussis is an extremely contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Its more common name, whooping cough, is owed to the sound made during the intake of large gasping breaths following a bout of uncontrollable coughing. This high-pitched whoop or cough may be absent in very young infants, older children and adults.
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Is It A Live Vaccine
Nope. Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus vaccines arent live vaccinations.
Types of vaccines that arent live include:
- inactivated vaccines, which contain microbes killed by chemicals, heat, or radiation
- subunits, which contain only part of the microbe
- toxoids, which contain inactivated toxins
- conjugate, which contains a subunit linked to a toxoid
Since the Tdap vaccine isnt live, it cant cause these diseases.
How Common Is Whooping Cough In Washington
Whooping cough is always active in our state. In a typical year, Washington has anywhere between 184 and 1026 cases of whooping cough, but in 2012 we had an epidemic with nearly 5000 cases. In the past 20 years, whooping cough has caused as many as two deaths in some years with no deaths in other years. Most outbreaks in Washington are local, with a variation in cases from county to county. Some areas report a high number of cases and others have none. Find the current number of whooping cough cases in Washington , or the number of whooping cough cases reported in past years.
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How Much Do Vaccines Cost At Minuteclinic
MinuteClinic is a walk-in clinic that provides health screenings, treatment for common illnesses, and vaccinations for children, teens, and adults. Its located inside more than 1,100 CVS Pharmacy and Target locations in 33 states and Washington, D.C.
At MinuteClinic, the rules are a little different than at CVS Pharmacy. First, MinuteClinic doesnt offer COVID-19 vaccines. Many clinics still accept walk-ins, but some require appointments during the pandemic.
Lastly, unlike CVS Pharmacy, where pharmacists give shots, MinuteClinic is staffed by medical providers. That means a nurse practitioner or physician assistant will deliver your immunization instead of a pharmacist.
MinuteClinic accepts most insurance plans and lists its prices on its website. The prices represent the fee for a vaccine only. If you end up discussing other healthcare concerns during your vaccine appointment, you also may be charged for a separate medical visit.
Here are MinuteClinic cash prices for some of the most commonly requested vaccines, including:
|Commonly requested vaccines|
Why Should My Child Get A Whooping Cough Shot
- Helps protect your child from whooping cough, a potentially serious and even deadly disease, as well as diphtheria and tetanus.
- Helps prevent your child from having violent coughing fits from whooping cough.
- Helps protect your newborn when she is most vulnerable to serious disease and complications.
- Keeps your child from missing school or childcare and you from missing work.
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Whooping Cough Vaccine Side
Side-effects are usually mild. They may include:
- soreness or redness around the injection site
- mild fever and fatigue for up to 48 hours
Take paracetamol if you have a temperature after the vaccine.
If you cannot get the whooping cough vaccine or your baby is born early :
- make sure all other children and adults in the house are vaccinated
- ask relatives and friends not to visit if they have a cough
Read more guidance about whooping cough vaccine during pregnancy.
If I Recently Gave Birth Can I Get The Whooping Cough Vaccine
If you just gave birth and have never received Tdap , you should get it right away. Your baby is vulnerable to whooping cough because babies are too young to be vaccinated until about two months of age and aren’t fully protected until after the first four doses of the DTaP vaccine . Your child will also need a fifth dose of DTaP vaccine between age four and six years.
Whooping cough is very serious for babies and young children, and the most common way for them to get it is from parents, caregivers, and other family members. The best way to protect your baby is to get the vaccine and make sure your other children are immunized on time.
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Who Is At Risk Of Whooping Cough
Anyone of any age can catch whooping cough. Some groups have a higher risk.
- people who have not been vaccinated against whooping cough
- people who have not received a whooping cough booster vaccine in the past 10 years
- babies under 6 months old because they are not old enough to get vaccinated
- people living in the same house as someone with whooping cough
Whooping cough is most dangerous for babies. Most hospitalisations and deaths from whooping cough happen in babies who are not old enough to receive all the vaccine doses.
If you or your child has had close contact with someone who has whooping cough, speak to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce your chance of becoming infected. This is important for young children, people at high risk of health problems and those likely to pass the infection to children.
Whooping cough is a notifiable condition. This means that your doctor needs to tell the local health authorities about the cases they see. It is important for local health authorities to know about whooping cough in the community, so they can help control an outbreak.
Immunisation Against Whooping Cough
In Victoria, the whooping cough vaccine is only available in a number of combined vaccines that also contain protection against other serious and potentially fatal diseases. The type of combined vaccine used for immunisation will depend on the person’s age group. Children need to follow the full schedule of vaccines to be fully protected.In Victoria, immunisation against whooping cough is free for:
- children at two , four and six months of age in the form of a diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
- children at 18 months of age in the form of a diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough vaccine
- children at four years of age in the form of a diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio vaccine
- adolescents in Year 7 at secondary school adolescents receive a booster dose of diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough vaccine . The dose can also be given by a doctor or at a council community immunisation session
- pregnant women from 20 weeks gestation during every pregnancy, from 20 weeks gestation, pregnant women receive a dose of diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough vaccine
- partners of women in the third trimester of pregnancy, if the partner has not received a whooping-cough-containing booster in the last ten years
- parents or guardians, if their baby is under six months of age and they have not received a whooping-cough-containing vaccine in the last ten years.
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How Is Whooping Cough Diagnosed
If you think you or your child may have whooping cough, get an assessment by your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Make sure you tell the receptionist about the cough when you phone to book an appointment as you will need to be kept separate from other people in the surgery. Older children and adults will need to wear a mask. Your doctor may be able to diagnose whooping cough after asking questions about your symptoms and doing an examination. They may take a nose and throat swab and send it to the laboratory to check for pertussis bacteria and/or test for COVID-19. A whooping cough swab will only show up positive in the early stages of the disease. Your doctor may sometimes ask for a blood test.
But Wait There’s More
Once you catch up, you should keep in mind the potential need for booster shots later on down the track.
If someone is travelling to a country that is known to have a disease such as polio, then it is recommended that they consult their GP about a booster shot.
The same goes for those workers in “risky work environments” they may need booster shots throughout their lives and sometimes blood tests to ensure the vaccines are working.
“So in general things we like to boost like tetanus and whooping cough,” Dr Wood said.
“But other ones like Hepatitis B and MMR once you’ve had your primary course, then you’re ok.”
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What Happens If Children And Teens Haven’t Gotten All Of Their Scheduled Whooping Cough Vaccines
Not getting recommended vaccines on time puts children and teens at higher risk for getting and spreading whooping cough. Vaccination is the best protection we have against whooping cough, so it’s important that everyoneâchildren and adultsâget their scheduled whooping cough vaccines.
- If your child is younger than seven years and isn’t up to date, talk to his or her healthcare provider right away about getting caught up on DTaP vaccines.
- If your child is seven to ten years old and hasn’t followed the recommended immunization schedule, he or she needs a Tdap vaccine.