The Importance Of Baby Vaccinations
Vaccinating your child is one of the best things you can do for him. Vaccinations teach the immune system to fend off life-threatening diseases. The tiny amounts of weakened or inactivated viruses and bacteria in vaccines trigger the immune system to create antibodies that fight against them. These antibodies are prepared to attack if the body is exposed to those viruses or bacteria again.
“There is no intervention, other than clean water and sanitation, that has saved more lives than childhood immunizations,” says Patricia Stinchfield, a pediatric nurse practitioner and director of Infection Prevention and Control for the Children’s Immunization Project at the Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota in St. Paul.
At his 2-month appointment, you can expect your infant to receive anywhere from three to five needle sticks and a liquid vaccine. Together, these shots will guard against seven separate diseases.
And remember: “It’s important to get vaccines on schedule to give your baby the best protection,” says Rebecca Pellett Madan, M.D., a pediatric-infectious-disease specialist at the Children’s Hospital at Montefiore, in New York City.
How To Reduce Pain After A Vaccination
- Make sure to keep your injected arm moving after the shot since it gets the blood flowing to the injection site.
- Stick to doing lighter exercise and avoid any strenuous effort as you might experience some fatigue or discomfort after your shot. Pay close attention to how you feel.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers if needed after the shot, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen or aspirin .
- Apply a clean, cool compress or ice pack to help reduce swelling and redness at the injection site.
Exercise Can Prevent Sore Arms
The most commonly cited post-vaccine side effect is soreness in the arm where the vaccine was injected.
Some people have reported a slight soreness similar to after getting the flu shot, while others have said they can’t move their arm due to the pain.
The sensation is a result of immune cells reacting to the vaccine, Dr. Daniel Summers, a pediatrician in Maine, told Insider.
Since the arm is where the vaccine originates, immune cells rush to that area and inflame it, making it look red and feel tender. Moving your arm throughout the day, whether through exercise or shimmying around your living room, can relieve the intensity of arm tenderness.
“By moving the arm, it helps disperse that local area of inflammation faster,” Summers said.
On the flip side, simply massaging the vaccine site with your hand could worsen inflammation and pain.
“It’s not going to have any truly negative effects to rub the vaccine site immediately after you get the shot, but since doing so may disperse the vaccine material into a larger area that will then become inflamed as the immune system responds, you’ll have a larger area that’s sore,” said Summers.
Arm soreness should dissipate one or two days after getting the jab, according to Summers.
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/7how Should You Deal With Swellings And Rashes
Swellings and rashes are also common inflammatory reactions which can be expected in the week post vaccination. Considered to be signs that a vaccine is working well, swellings, rashes or fever do subside on their own in 1-2 days time. However, for some, it can be painful or make them feel sick. Therefore, making use of some kind of ice treatment can be the best way to minimize swelling, pain and related reactions. Using Epsom salt baths, often prescribed as a natural reliever may also help your symptoms.
How Long Does Arm Pain Last
For most people, arm pain starts within 24 hours of receiving a vaccination and can last for about a day or two. This experience can vary based on which vaccine you are receiving.
For example, Shingrix tends to cause more intense pain and lasts longer than other shots. Before receiving a vaccination, ask your provider or pharmacist how long arm pain typically lasts for that particular vaccine.
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How To Soothe Baby After Vaccinations
“The impact of repeated pain during injections can lead even healthy babies to develop a fear of doctors and needles,” says Dr. Taddio. Proactive pain control can go a long way toward preventing medical phobias later on. Here are the best tactics for easing the pain of vaccines in babies.
Cuddling and Feeding
Studies have discovered an efficient strategy for reducing the pain of shots: hold your baby on your lap and let her nurse, drink a bottle, or suck on a pacifier dipped in a sugar-water solution. “Physical comfort, sweet taste, and sucking reduce pain in young children,” says Anna Taddio, Ph.D., professor of pharmacy at the University of Toronto, who researches pain reduction during vaccinations. “Often, babies are soothed so quickly by feeding that they stop crying before they even leave the exam room,” adds Wendy Sue Swanson, M.D., community pediatrician at Seattle Children’s Hospital.
Dont Take A Pain Reliever Before Your Covid
As for whether you should try to preempt your vaccine side effects with a pain reliever, Cennimo advises against it.
In the COVID-19 vaccine trials, people were not given an NSAID or acetaminophen before the injection, so we do not know what if any effect premedication would have, he said. Because of these theoretical risks, it is not advised.
Cennimo said the pre-COVID-19 vaccine research in children found that taking a fever-reducing drug only affected the production of antibodies if the drug was taken before the injection.
Dr. Sherrill Brown, medical director of infection prevention at AltaMed Health Services, a federally qualified healthcare center serving Los Angeles and Orange counties in California, agrees.
I would recommend waiting until someone experiences side effects of fever or pain that require fever-reducing or pain-reducing medications, she said, and not to take them as a prophylaxis to prevent vaccine related symptoms.
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Pain After A Shot: Normal Site Reactions To Vaccines
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , in most cases vaccine side effects are minor and go away within a few days. Side effects vary according to vaccine type, such as flu, shingles, or pneumonia. Generally mild side effects of vaccines may include:
- Pain, redness, tenderness, or swelling at injection site
The Truth About Arm Pain
Pain in the arm is a common side effect of vaccination and is caused by your immune system responding to the vaccine you have received. The pain is usually soreness of the muscle where the injection is given.
When a person receives a shot, a small amount of liquid is injected into the muscle, which basically stretches the muscle fibers, causing some inflammation. This causes pain and discomfort to the injected arm.
It is normal for some vaccine shots to cause more pain than others such as the COVID-19 vaccine and shingles. Overall, symptoms usually last only a few days and are mild, says Cristina Cicogna, M.D. an infectious disease specialist at Hackensack University Medical Center.
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Why Is My Arm Sore After Getting The Covid Vaccine
Getting vaccinated is all about waking your immune system up to take on a virus, says Dr. Sanjeev Jain, M.D., a doctor double-board certified in immunology and internal medicine at Columbia Asthma and Allergy Clinic. “As your immune system is activated, there is a transient release of inflammatory mediators that can lead to symptoms such as soreness, redness, and swelling at the injection site or of the adjacent lymph nodes as well as fever, muscle aches, and headache,” he explains.
Regardless of which arm you get your COVID vaccine in, you might well experience an achy injection site. But especially if you’re getting the COVID vaccine even though you’re scared of needles, it’s important to know that the soreness won’t last long.
It Doesnt Have To Hurt: Strategies To Reduce Vaccine Pain
To address anti-vaccine views, try to understand the underlying motives for these perspectives. Some reject vaccines because of underlying fears of the pain of vaccination. Several strategies can effectively decrease vaccine pain.
When it comes to the pain of vaccines, there are strategies that work.
According to the model of attitude roots, clinical fears and phobias can underpin some antiscience beliefs. For example, some people have heightened disgust reactions to needles, hospitals and blood. People who experience these heightened disgust reactions might be tempted to develop a set of attitudes that gives them permission to avoid the triggers for their disgust for example a rejection of techno-medical interventions, and a skepticism or hesitancy toward immunizations.
When looking across different countries, there was a positive but inconsistent correlation found. What this means is that for some individual, the fears of needles, blood and even the thought of painful vaccinations may contribute towards anti-vaccine sentiment. With that in mind, I want to focus my post today on a topic that may be easier to address than conspiracy beliefs: The pain of vaccinations.
Again, from the same paper:
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Children Of All Ages:
Cuddle your baby or child firmly in your lap in a seated position.
Why it works:
Being held close to you calms your child and helps keep legs and arms still so vaccines can be given safely. Sitting upright helps children feel more secure and in control. Ask the health care provider for examples of upright positioning.
Use bubbles, a pinwheel or a squeaky, light-up or musical toy to distract your child immediately before and during the vaccination. Ask older children questions about something they are excited about. Older children can also use books, listen to music, or play video games to distract themselves.
Why it works:
Research shows that the part of the brain that processes pain is less active when children are distracted during immunizations.
Possible Side Effects After Getting A Covid
CDC has updated its recommendations for COVID-19 vaccines with a preference for people to receive an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine . Read CDCs media statement.
COVID-19 vaccination will help protect people from getting COVID-19. Adults and children may have some side effects from the vaccine, which are normal signs that their body is building protection. These side effects may affect their ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Some people have no side effects, and allergic reactions are rare.
Serious side effects that could cause a long-term health problem are extremely unlikely following any vaccination, including COVID-19 vaccination. Vaccine monitoring has historically shown that side effects generally happen within six weeks of receiving a vaccine dose. For this reason, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration collected data on each of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines for a minimum of two months after the final dose. CDC is continuing to monitor the safety of COVID-19 vaccines even now that the vaccines are in use.
The benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the known and potential risks. Rare cases of myocarditis and pericarditis in adolescents and young adults have been reported more often after getting the second dose than after the first dose of either the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.
Get a COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5 years and older as soon as you can.
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Fearful Of Shots These 7 Tips Can Help
Flu season is upon us, and if you or your children haven’t yet been vaccinated, its time to face the needle.
Fear of shots is a widespread problemfor both children and adults. In a 2012 survey of nearly 2,000 people conducted by University of Toronto researchers, 24 percent of adults and 63 percent of kids reported a fear of needles. Worse, 7 percent of adults and 8 percent of children surveyed don’t get immunizations as a result.
Whether the vaccines you’re getting are for the flu or another infectious disease, needles can save your life,” says Anna Taddio, Ph.D., R.Ph., a professor of pharmacy at the University of Toronto, who has co-authored guidelines on reducing vaccine pain.
There hasnt been enough focus, by either doctors or researchers, on the very real discomfort people experience from needles, she adds.
Stay Calm During Baby Vaccinations
Wonder how to soothe a newborn during the series of baby shots? Research has found that parent behavior accounts for about 50 percent of the distress that the baby feels during a vaccination. New parents are often anxious about their baby’s vaccination pain, Haller says. Take comfort in knowing that the vaccination pain your baby feels will only last a moment, but the protection from disease will last for years.
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How To Treat Symptoms Post Vaccination
You may take over-the-counter analgesics such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen if you need to. There are some subtle differences between those two medications that you should be aware of. Please be sure to read the precautions for each medication to know which is right for you. These medications are useful to relieve minor aches and pains. Currently, it is advised not to take them in advance of the shot, as doing so may impact your immune system response to the vaccine. In other words, the current guidelines state that you should not pre-treat yourself with these analgesics. The rationale is unclear, however, some research done on children back in 2016 proved that taking antipyretics such as acetaminophen lowered the immune response to the vaccine, so again, these drugs would be useful after the fact, not as a prophylactic. As for natural options, boswellia or turmeric might be useful here due to their ability to work the same metabolic pathways as the drugs. Still not sure which is better for you? Read my article, Which is Better, Advil or Tylenol?Swelling at the site of injection.The fastest remedy for this is to put a cold pack on your arm for about 5 10 minutes. You can repeat the application every few hours. Another trick is to try a warm compress . You could even alternate with an ice pack and then a warm compress. OTC analgesics like those listed above could be handy for this problem as well.
/7worried About Developing Side
While side-effects with vaccines are temporary , fear can push people away. It can also be harder for the ones who have a lower pain threshold to deal with them. The good news? There are some easy ways to minimize them.
Suffering from side-effects should be no reason to scared of getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
If you are worried, or just a little more sensitive to inflammatory reactions, we tell you some of the best ways to keep yourself safe.
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/7are There Any Other Precautions To Take
Just as you would, during the pandemic, basic hygiene and precautions do need to be followed even after getting vaccinated.
The use of alcohol has been prohibited for some weeks after receiving a vaccine dose. Alcohol can negatively impact the immune system, so it’s best to have a good diet.
Another good way to ensure the vaccine works well is by avoiding stressful activities which could make you more prone to side-effects, or bring additional woes.
Educate yourself, be aware of the vaccine and its side-effects before your turn comes up. The temporary side-effects are far better than upping your risk of contracting COVID-19.
Throughout The Rest Of Your Body:
Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after getting a mRNA COVID-19 vaccine , should not get another dose of either of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after receiving Johnson & Johnsons Janssen COVID-19 vaccine, should not receive another dose of that vaccine.
Learn about getting a different type of COVID-19 vaccine after an allergic reaction.
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Exercises To Relieve Arm Soreness After The Covid
Muscle soreness often occurs after performing a new or an intense exercise. These days however, many people are experiencing muscle soreness in their arm following the COVID-19 vaccination. This is a common reaction and should only last a few days according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This side effect is a sign that your body is building protection. The good news is, you can help relieve the soreness through movement! Here are just a few stretches and exercises you can use to help reduce the pain in your arm following the vaccine.
How To Treat General Covid
You may also experience symptoms including fever, chills, tiredness, headaches and nausea.
Rest up: “I would say rest as much as you can,” Daignault said, before advising not to overdo it. “I’m also encouraging people to go about their daily activities… because you always want to maintain the best cardiovascular system as possible.”
Drink fluids: The CDC recommends this as a way to “reduce discomfort from fever.” To help with nausea, Daignault says it’s important to be “well hydrated in the days before your vaccine” as well. If nausea is intense, he recommends sipping ginger tea packets or steeping hot water over sliced or grated fresh ginger.
Dress lightly: The CDC also recommends this for fevers.
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Summary Of Approach To Guideline Development And Recommendations
The GRADE system provided the general framework for the formulation of recommendations and the synthesis of the research evidence.
We rated candidate clinical questions a two-thirds majority was set as the cut-off for inclusion in the guideline.
We ranked the importance of each outcome on a scale of 1 to 9. Outcomes with scores from 7 to 9 were classified as critically important, those with scores from 4 to 6 were classified as important, and those with scores from 1 to 3 were disregarded. Critically important outcomes were prioritized for decision-making.
We performed systematic reviews for all included questions.
Quality of evidence across critical and important outcomes was assessed as very low, low, moderate or high on the basis of five factors: methodologic limitations, inconsistency, indirectness, imprecision and publication bias.
The overall quality was assessed based on the lowest confidence for critical outcomes only.
We categorized recommendations as strong or weak on the basis of four factors: balance between benefits and harms, strength of evidence for critical outcomes, variability in patient values and preferences, and resource implications.
Interventions with a large benefit and higher strength of evidence were more likely to receive a strong recommendation.
Practice recommendations were made for 49 clinical questions organized into five domains of pain management interventions : procedural, physical, pharmacologic, psychological and process.