Tuesday, September 26, 2023

Is Meningitis B Vaccine Required

How To Submit Your Documentation To Uhs

Doctors advise parents after changes to meningitis B vaccination requirements

Keep a copy of medical clearance requirement-related documentation you submit to UHS to use as a backup in case there are issues with submitting your information.


Upload via MyUHS, the UHS patient web portal

To increase security, multi-factor authentication is required to access most online services requiring a UT EID login, including MyUHS.

  • Log onto MyUHS
  • Follow the instructions. Submit each medical clearance requirement that applies to you.
  • For each immunization, follow instructions to enter the type and date exactly as shown on your record. Click Done when finished.
  • Upload a copy of your immunization record that clearly displays the immunization and date of administration for any required immunizations for the medical clearance requirement Immunization Record.”
  • For each item your status will show as pending, and you will still have an H bar. Once staff review and verify your information, your bar will be removed.
  • If uploaded documents do not fully satisfy requirement, UHS will contact you to describe what is needed to become compliant.
  • Immunization records are no longer accepted by email

    The University of Texas at AustinUniversity Health ServicesP.O. Box 7339Austin, TX 78712

    During rush periods, you may receive busy signals before being able to complete your fax.

    Special Considerations For Concomitant Use Of Menactra And Dtap

    Children can receive Menactra® before or concomitantly with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccines. This timing avoids interference with the immunologic response to the meningococcal vaccine antigens that occurs when administering Menactra® after DTaP. Alternatively, children can receive Menveo® or MenQuadfi®, regardless of timing of DTaP vaccination.

    Children In Licensed Daycare Centres

    If you want your child to attend daycare, and decide not to vaccinate them due to medical, religious or philosophical reasons, you will need to give your daycare a valid written exemption. If the disease appears in your childs daycare centre, your child may have to stay out of daycare until the disease is no longer present.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Meningococcal Disease

    Signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease include sudden onset of fever, stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and/or mental confusion. A rash may also be present. Changes in behavior such as confusion, sleepiness, and unresponsiveness are important symptoms of illness. Anyone who has these symptoms should be seen by a healthcare provider immediately. In fatal cases, death can occur in as little as a few hours, even with appropriate medical treatment. Less common presentations include pneumonia and arthritis.

    Which Meningitis Vaccination Do People Usually Get

    Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule

    The ACIP strongly recommends that all preteens between ages 11 and 12 get the single vaccine that protects against four types of meningitis: A, C, W, and Y. Because of this recommendation, these four meningitis illnesses are almost unseen in the US, Dr. Tan says.

    Meningitis B is not unseen, however. Over 50% of all cases in the United States are caused by serogroup B. All college outbreaks since 2011 caused by serogroup B. Why are we not even mentioning men B? It doesnt make sense, Stillman says. Also alarming is that most colleges don’t require the meningitis B vaccination when a young person enrolls .

    The ACIP used to give the meningitis B vaccine a category B recommendation, says Dr. Tan. This was opposed to the stronger category A recommendation. The ACIP started using different language in February 2018, and vaccines are no longer given category A or B recommendations by the ACIP.

    A mistake was made by calling it category B. The label kind of carried, Dr. Tan says. Now, instead of labeling the meningitis B vaccines as category B, the ACIP says the vaccine should be administered based on clinical decision making.

    Stillman adds that young people who receive only the meningitis A, C, W, Y vaccination are merely partially protected. She likens the question of Do you want your child to also receive the meningitis B vaccine? to Do you want them to be 100% protectedor just 80%?

    What parent is going to say, No, thank you. Ill stick with 80?

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    How Effective Is It

    A 2021 study examined Bexsero using data from Quebec, Italy, the United Kingdom, Portugal, and South Australia to determine its safety and effectiveness.

    The researchers found that meningitis B rates decreased by 50 to 100 percent in vaccine-eligible populations. The vaccines were found to be 79 to 100 percent effective in people who received two or more doses.

    Clinical trials have found promising results for Trumenba as well. is needed to understand its true effectiveness, but researchers believe that it can also provide a high level of protection.

    Your Child Can Get Menacwy And Menb Vaccines At The Same Time

    Your childs doctor can give both types of meningococcal vaccines during the same visit, but preferably in different arms. If you choose for your child to get a MenB vaccine, the preferred timing is between 16 and 18 years old. So its possible your child will get this vaccine and the MenACWY booster dose at the same visit.

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    Common And Local Adverse Events

    Conjugate meningococcal vaccines

    Men-C-ACYW vaccines

    Injection site reactions occur in up to 59% of vaccinees. Fever is reported in up to 5% of recipients and systemic reactions, such as headache and malaise, are reported in up to 60% of recipients.

    Men-C-C vaccines

    Mild reactions, including injection site reactions , occur in up to 50% of vaccine recipients. Irritability occurs in up to 80% of infants and fever in up to 9% when other vaccines were administered. Headaches and malaise occur in up to 10% of older children and adults. These reactions last no more than a few days.

    Serogroup B Meningococcal vaccines

    4CMenB vaccine

    Solicited local and systemic reactions have been commonly reported in clinical trials and include injection site tenderness, induration, sleepiness and irritability. Higher rates of fever have been observed with simultaneous administration of 4CMenB vaccine and routine infant vaccines therefore, routine prophylactic administration of acetaminophen or separating 4CMenB vaccination from routine vaccination schedule has been proposed for preventing fever in infants and children up to three years of age.

    MenB-fHBP vaccine

    Solicited local and systemic reactions have been commonly reported in clinical trials and include injection site tenderness, induration and irritability.

    Cdc Does Not Routinely Recommend A Menb Vaccine For All Teens And Young Adults However All Teens May Get Vaccinated Preferably At 16 To 18 Years Old

    SDSU to require new students receive meningitis B vaccine

    Serogroup B meningococcal disease is relatively rare. Outbreaks have occurred at several U.S. colleges during the past decade. CDCs current recommendation gives people access to MenB vaccines to help prevent this uncommon, but serious illness. However, doctors and parents should discuss the risk of the disease and weigh the risks and benefits of vaccination. Available data suggest these vaccines are safe and provide protection, but that protection decreases fairly quickly after vaccination.

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    Vaccination Requirements State By State

    Note: Most requirements were implemented before serogroup B meningococcal vaccines were available in the U.S. and may only apply to the vaccine that protects against serogroups A,C, W and Y. No matter where you live parents and teens should ask about vaccination against all serogroups of meningococcal disease. See chart.

    Meningococcal vaccination is required

    Back To School Immunizations

    Children attending any childcare facility, pre-kindergarten, Head Start program, nursery, or school in Georgia are required to have Form3231 on file. This includes public and private operations and all enterprises, educational programs, and institutions involved in the care, supervision, or instruction of children. Certificates are required for all children through grade 12.

    7th Grade Immunization RequirementsIn Georgia, all children born on or after January 1, 2002, who are attending seventh grade, and children who are new entrants into a Georgia school in grades eight through twelve, must have received one dose of Tdap vaccine and one dose of meningococcal conjugate vaccine to fulfill immunization requirements.

    11th Grade Immunization RequirementsBefore starting the 2021-2022 school year, all students entering or transferring into 11th grade will need proof of a meningococcal booster shot , unless their first dose was received on or after their 16th birthday. Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial illness that affects the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis can cause shock, coma, and death within hours of the first symptoms. To help protect your children and others from meningitis, Georgia law requires students be vaccinated against this disease, unless the child has an exemption.

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    Who Should Not Get A Meningococcal Vaccine

    Your preteen or teen shouldn’t get the meningococcal vaccine if they:

    • Has had a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction to a meningococcal vaccine before or to any vaccine component
    • Is moderately or severely ill
    • Has ever had Guillain-Barre syndrome

    Pregnant women can get the meningococcal vaccine, but it’s only recommended for those with certain immune problems or those likely to be exposed to meningitis. With the newer MCV4 and MenB vaccines, there hasn’t been as much study in pregnant women compared to the MPSV4 vaccine.

    Does Uf Require That I Get The Meningitis B Vaccine

    The New Milford Medical Group

    Currently, the University of Florida is not requiring that you get the vaccine against meningococcal meningitis, but SHCC strongly recommends that any student who will be living in university or Greek system housing seriously consider being vaccinated against meningococcal meningitis.

    The vaccines that protect against meningococcal disease are currently available at SHCC. Currently enrolled students can call SHCCs Travel and Immunization Clinic at 294-7472 to schedule an appointment for Men B vaccination.

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    Menacwy Vaccination Of Younger Children And Adults At Increased Risk

    In certain situations, younger children and adults should receive MenACWY vaccines. Some people are at increased risk for serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease due to

    • Having certain medical conditions
  • Taking specific medications
  • Complement inhibitor
  • Traveling or residing in countries in which serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease is common
  • Working in specific professions or living in specific settings
  • Microbiologist who is routinely exposed to Neisseria meningitidis
  • Military recruit
  • First-year college student living in a residence hall and are not up to date with this vaccine
  • Being a part of a community experiencing a serogroup A, C, W or Y meningococcal disease outbreak
  • Those who remain at increased risk need regular booster doses.

    • For children under the age of 7 years, administer a booster dose 3 years after completion of the primary series and every 5 years thereafter.
    • For children 7 years old or older and adults, administer a booster dose 5 years after completion of the primary series and every 5 years thereafter.

    Menb Vaccines Are Safe However As With Any Vaccine Side Effects Can Occur

    Available data suggest that MenB vaccines are safe. More than half of the people who get a MenB vaccine have mild problems following vaccination:

    • Soreness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given
    • Feeling tired
    • Fever or chills
    • Nausea or diarrhea

    If they occur, these reactions usually get better on their own within 3 to 5 days. Serious reactions are possible, but rare.

    Teens are more likely to have side effects after MenB vaccination compared to other vaccines given to preteens and teens. Those other vaccines include HPV, MenACWY, and Tdap vaccines.

    CDC continually monitors the safety of all vaccines, including MenB vaccines. For more information, view the Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccine Information Statement.

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    Vaccines For Your Preteens And Teens

    Preteens and teens need vaccines, too! As kids get older, they are still at risk for certain diseases. Before heading back to school, three vaccines are recommended for 11-12 year oldsHPV, Tdap, and meningococcal conjugate vaccinefor continued protection.

    The HPV vaccine is important because it can prevent HPV infections that can cause cancer later in life. For other diseases, like whooping cough, the protection from vaccine doses received in childhood fades over time. Thats why 1112-year-olds are also recommended to get the booster shot called Tdap to help protect them from whooping cough, tetanus, and diphtheria. The quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine protects against some of the bacteria that can cause infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord and bloodstream infections . These illnesses can be very serious, even fatal.

    Its important to know that flu can be serious, even for healthy, young people. Preteens and teens are no exception, so older kids should get at least one flu vaccine every year.

    Kids under 8 who have never had a flu vaccine, and those who have previously gotten only one dose, should get 2 doses of flu vaccine this season. Kids should get the first dose as soon as the flu vaccine is available and should get their second dose at least 28 days after the first dose.

    Its Not Too Late

    Is The Meningitis B Vaccine Safe

    Parents: Is Your Child Missing Meningitis B Vaccination?

    In the same 2021 study mentioned above, researchers found the vaccine demonstrated an acceptable level of safety. No safety concerns have been raised based on current data, which includes more than 3 million doses administered in the United Kingdom.

    Data from Quebec revealed four cases of a kidney disorder called nephrotic syndrome in children age 2 to 5 within 13 months of receiving their vaccine. Researchers are still trying to understand if theres a link, but a lack of similar findings from other countries suggests these cases may have occurred by chance.

    Side effects of meningitis B are usually mild and last for

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    Side Effects Of The Menb Vaccine

    Babies given the MenB vaccine alongside their other routine vaccinations at 8 and 16 weeks are likely to develop a high temperature within 24 hours of vaccination.

    It’s important to give your baby liquid paracetamol following vaccination to reduce this risk. Your nurse will advise you about using children’s paracetamol at your vaccination appointment.

    Other common side effects of the MenB vaccine include:

    • pain, swelling or redness where the injection was given
    • diarrhoea or being sick
    • crying and irritability

    The liquid paracetamol will also help with these symptoms.

    An allergic reaction is a rare side effect of the MenB vaccine. This may be a rash or itching that affects part or all of the body.

    Very rarely, a baby may have a severe allergic reaction after having the MenB vaccine.

    Students Under 22 Years Of Age Who Will Take Any Face

    Documentation must be submitted at least 10 days prior to the student’s first in-person class.

    Effective Jan. 1, 2014, state law requires students who will be under age 22 on their first day of class at a public, private or independent institution of higher education in Texas to provide proof of immunization for bacterial meningitis. The vaccination or booster dose must have been received during the five years prior to enrollment and at least ten days before the start of classes.

    Students who have been previously enrolled at Texas State and are enrolling following a break in enrollment of at least one fall or spring semester will be subject to the vaccination requirement. Students transferring from another institution of higher education will also be subject to the vaccination requirement.

    Texas State requires you to meet this requirement before you will be allowed to register for classes.

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    About Meningitis B Vaccine

    Though uncommon, MenB disease is very serious. While the MCV4 vaccine protects against serogroups A, C, W and Y of meningococcal disease, it does not protect against meningococcal B disease. Alternately, MenB vaccine does not protect against serogroups A, C, Y, and W.

    Recently, there have been outbreaks of MenB at several colleges and universities. Therefore, the University of Maryland strongly recommends receiving the Meningitis B vaccine series.

    Shouldnt Meningococcal B Vaccine Be Required

    Health and Immunization Forms

    CDCs Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has reviewed the available data regarding serogroup B meningococcal disease and the vaccines. At the current time, there is no routine recommendation and no statewide requirement for meningococcal B vaccination before going to college . As noted previously, adolescents and young adults may be vaccinated with a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine, preferably at 16 through 18 years of age, to provide short term protection against most strains of serogroup B meningococcal disease. This would be a decision between a healthcare provider and a patient. These policies may change as new information becomes available.

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    Guidance On Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunization

    To ensure the ongoing safety of vaccines in Canada, reporting of AEFIs by vaccine providers and other clinicians is critical, and in some jurisdictions, reporting is mandatory under the law.

    Vaccine providers are asked to report AEFIs, through local public health officials, and to check for specific AEFI reporting requirements in their province or territory. In general, any serious or unexpected adverse event felt to be temporally related to vaccination should be reported.

    For additional information about AEFI reporting, please refer to Adverse events following immunization. For general vaccine safety information, refer to Vaccine safety and pharmacovigilance in Part 2.

    Who Needs A Meningococcal Vaccine

    The CDC recommends a meningococcal vaccine for:

    • All children ages 11-18 or certain younger high-risk children
    • Anyone who has been exposed to meningitis during an outbreak
    • Anyone traveling to or living where meningitis is common, such as in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Military recruits
    • People with certain immune system disorders or a damaged or missing spleen

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    Preparing Your Child For Vaccines

    Getting a vaccine can be stressful for some children. With some preparation and kid-friendly explanation, parents can help to make vaccine visits easier and less stressful. Talk to your health care provider or health unit if you have any questions about the vaccine your child will receive.

    Prepare your child before the visit. Be honest. Explain that shots can pinch or sting, but that it wont hurt for long. Tell your child that vaccines are important to keep them healthy.

    For younger children

    • Hold your child or cuddle them on your lap.
    • Use distractions like toys, bubbles, and books.

    For older children

    • Older children can use distractions like games, books, music, and talking about something unrelated to the vaccination. Deep breathing and/or counting, as well as keeping the arm relaxed and still may help to make the shot easier.
    • For children getting their shots at school clinics, tell them to let the nurse know if they feel nervous about getting vaccinated or if they feel faint or light-headed before, during, or after the vaccination. The clinic staff can help them through the process.

    Ask your health care provider or local public health unit about using topical anesthetics .

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