Sunday, June 4, 2023

Is Meningococcal Vaccine Required For College

People With Certain Medical Conditions Need A Primary Series Of Menb Vaccine And Routine Booster Doses

Meningococcus Vaccine – Why Do College Students Need It?

Vaccinate people who have the following medical conditions with a primary series of MenB vaccine:

  • Complement component deficiency
  • Functional or anatomic asplenia

The primary series for Bexsero® requires 2 doses. Administer the second dose at least one month after the first dose. The primary series for Trumenba® for people at increased risk requires 3 doses. Administer the second dose 1 to 2 months after the first dose. Administer the third dose 6 months after the first dose.

Administer a booster dose of MenB vaccine 1 year after series completion and then every 2 to 3 years thereafter, to people with these medical conditions.

Measles Mumps And Rubella

Most people born after 1957 in the U.S. are immunized against measles, but sometimes they missed a dose in childhood. Without both of the required shots, your college student may not have full immunity. Check your childs immunization records, and schedule a booster if necessary.

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Submitting Proof Of Vaccination

Do not submit your vaccination proof to Undergraduate Admissions or the Student Health Center.

Texas State uses Magnus Health SMR for managing compliance with the meningitis vaccination requirement. New students planning to enroll at Texas State must submit proof of meningitis vaccination directly to Magnus Health SMR. Students subject to the bacterial meningitis requirement will receive an email from Magnus Health SMR with instructions. Students will be charged $10 by Magnus Health SMR for processing the documents and verifying compliance with the vaccination requirement. Acceptable evidence of vaccination may include any of the following:

  • A document bearing the signature or stamp of the physician or his/her designee or public health personnel . Records without a signature or stamp will not be approved.
    • An official immunization record from a government health authority .
    • An official immunization record received from school officials, including a record from another state .
    • Students using a pharmacy should download and provide the pharmacist with the generic immunization form available on the Magnus website, once they have paid their processing fee, to ensure they receive an approvable document from the pharmacist . H-E-B customers should request their Vaccine Administration Consent Form for submission to Magnus.
    • All records must be in English to be approved.

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    Which Colleges And Universities Currently Require The Meningitis B Vaccine Where Have There Been Past Cases

    MenB is more common among those 16-23 and is 5+ times more likely in college students. Yet few colleges are requiring the Meningitis B vaccine. There are 5,300 colleges and universities, and more than 30,000 high schools in the United States. We only know of 42 schools currently requiring Meningitis B vaccination.

    • schools requiring MenB vaccination

    • schools with past MenB case

    • schools recommending MenB vaccination

    Scroll down to see the list of schools. Data is compiled based on publicly available data from campus immunization forms.



    Why Do I Have To Do This

    Battle Brewing Over Mandatory Meningitis Vaccine

    Missouri Revised Statute 174.335 went into effect on August 28, 2014:

    174.335. 1. Beginning with the 2004-05 school year and for each school year thereafter, every public institution of higher education in this state shall require all students who reside in on-campus housing to have received the meningococcal vaccine unless a signed statement of medical or religious exemption is on file with the institution’s administration. A student shall be exempted from the immunization requirement of this section upon signed certification by a physician licensed under chapter 334 indicating that either the immunization would seriously endanger the student’s health or life or the student has documentation of the disease or laboratory evidence of immunity to the disease. A student shall be exempted from the immunization requirement of this section if he or she objects in writing to the institution’s administration that immunization violates his or her religious beliefs.

    2. Each public university or college in this state shall maintain records on the meningococcal vaccination status of every student residing in on-campus housing at the university or college.

    3. Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring any institution of higher education to provide or pay for vaccinations against meningococcal disease.

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    Who Is At Most Risk For Meningococcal Disease

    High-risk groups include anyone with a damaged spleen or whose spleen has been removed, those with persistent complement component deficiency , HIV infection, those traveling to countries where meningococcal disease is very common, microbiologists who routinely work with the bacteria and people who may have been exposed to meningococcal disease during an outbreak. People who live in certain settings such as college dormitories and military housing are also at greater risk of disease from some serotypes.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Meningococcal Disease

    Signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease include sudden onset of fever, stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and/or mental confusion. A rash may also be present. Changes in behavior such as confusion, sleepiness, and unresponsiveness are important symptoms of illness. Anyone who has these symptoms should be seen by a healthcare provider immediately. In fatal cases, death can occur in as little as a few hours, even with appropriate medical treatment. Less common presentations include pneumonia and arthritis.

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    What Is Meningococcal Disease

    Meningococcal disease is a serious illness caused by a bacterium. It can cause meningitis, which is an infection of the brain and spinal cord, and it can also cause blood infections. The infection can cause death or lifelong disability.

    About 375 people get the disease each year, and about 10 to 15 out of 100 people infected with meningococcal disease die. Of those who survive, up to one out of five have permanent disabilities, such as deafness, brain damage, loss of limbs, or seizures.

    A person with meningococcal disease may become seriously ill very quickly. Antibiotics can treat meningococcal infections, but often can’t be given soon enough to help.

    Information About Meningococcal Meningitis

    Meningitis Vaccination Required for Incoming College Students

    Meningitis is rare. When it strikes, its flu-like symptoms make diagnosis difficult. If not treated early, meningitis can lead to swelling of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal column, as well as severe permanent disabilities, such as hearing loss, brain damage, seizures, limb amputation, and even death. According to the National Meningitis Association :

    • Approximately 600 1,000 people contract meningococcal disease in the U.S. each year.
    • Of those who get meningococcal disease, 10-15 percent die.
    • Among those who survive, approximately one in five live with permanent disabilities, such as brain damage, hearing loss, loss of kidney function, or limb amputations.

    Health officials recommend routine vaccination against four of five major meningococcal disease serogroups. You can find additional information on the Meningococcal Disease Fact Sheet.

    To comply, review

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    A Washington Mom’s Message About Meningococcal Disease

    “Bacterial meningitis killed my daughter, Nadia. I don’t want it to happen to you or someone you love. You can help prevent meningitis by getting vaccinated with meningococcal vaccines.” – Karin Willett

    Karin believes there are three things college students can do to stay healthy: 1. Keep informed on health issues. 2. Adopt healthy habits. 3. GET VACCINATED!”

    Read Nadia’s Story and make sure you get vaccinated against meningococcal disease.

    “Through this horrendous experience of seeing my child suffer and then die, I must do something. My dream is to help just ONE CHILD and their family not go through this devastating disease. I must try to help eliminate meningitis from the face of the earth! We must work together!” Karin Willett

    Recommended Vaccines For College Students

    This section provides information about recommended vaccinations for college students. Below you will find links to information about the vaccines and the diseases they protect against.

    The Ohio Revised Code Section 1713.55 states that beginning with the academic year that commences on or after July 1, 2005, an institution of higher education shall not permit a student to reside in on-campus housing unless the student discloses whether the student has been vaccinated against meningococcal disease and hepatitis B by submitting a meningitis and hepatitis B vaccination status statement.

    ORC Section 3701.133 states that the Ohio Department of Health shall make available on its Web site information about meningitis and hepatitis B, the risks associated with the diseases and the availability and effectiveness of the vaccines. ODH shall also make available, on its Web site, in a format suitable for downloading, a meningitis and hepatitis B vaccination status statement form that complies with the guidelines outlined in ORC Section 3701.133, .

    On this page you will find a link to each disease and a vaccination status statement that may be downloaded, printed and used if the institution of higher education chooses. The institution may also develop its own form, but it must comply with ORC Section 3701.133, .

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    When Will University Students Get The Vaccine

    Healthy college students could be eligible for vaccines starting April 19. Variable rollout plans and vaccine shortages could still cause delays. Colleges say high vaccination coverage is a prerequisite for normal campus life. Meanwhile, less than half of college-aged adults intend to get the vaccine.

    Meet A Washington Meningitis B Survivor

    Maine Students Required To Get Meningitis Vaccine For Next School Year ...

    Kaley Dugger got sick with meningitis B in 2004 when she was seven years old. She survived! She graduated from Seattle University and is a strong advocate for both meningococcal vaccination and people with disabilities. Read Kaley’s Story and make sure you get vaccinated against meningococcal disease.

    “I wait desperately for the day that no one dies from this preventable disease. Until then, I plan to raise awareness about meningitis and encourage everyone to consider vaccinating against this deadly threat.” – Kaley Dugger

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    Measles Mumps And Rubella Requirements

    As defined by PHL Section 2165 and 10 NYCRR Subpart 66-2.1, “student” means any person born on or after January 1, 1957, who is registered to attend or attends classes at an institution, whether full-time or part-time, in a degree granting institution. “Part-time student” means a student enrolled for at least six, but less than 12 semester hours, or the equivalent per semester or at least four but less than eight semester hours per quarter. “Full-time student” means a student enrolled for 12 or more semester hours or the equivalent per semester, or 8 or more semester hours per quarter. If a student is registered to attend or attends an institution for less than 6 semester hours or 4 credit hours per quarter, the immunization requirements do not apply to that student. If an enrollee at a post-secondary institution was born before 1957, he/she does not have to comply with PHL Section 2165 immunization requirements.

    Persons With Chronic Diseases


    Two doses of Men-C-ACYW vaccine are recommended for persons with anatomic or functional asplenia, including sickle cell disease. When elective splenectomy is planned, all recommended vaccines should ideally be completed at least 2 weeks before surgery if only one dose can be given before surgery, the second dose should be given 8 weeks after the first dose, with a minimum interval of 4 weeks. In the case of an emergency splenectomy, two doses of vaccine should ideally be given beginning 2 weeks after surgery but can be given earlier, before discharge, if the person might not return for vaccination after discharge. Persons one year of age and older with asplenia who have not received Men-C-ACYW vaccine should receive two doses administered 8 weeks apart, with a minimum interval of 4 weeks. In addition, 4CMenB or MenB-fHBP vaccine should be offered. Periodic booster doses with Men-C-ACYW vaccine are also recommended.

    Refer to Table 1 for vaccination recommendations of high risk individuals due to underlying conditions. Refer to Booster doses and re-immunization for additional information and Immunization of Persons with Chronic Diseases in Part 3 for additional general information.

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    What Do I Need To Do

    1. You must provide a copy of your meningitis vaccination record to Magers Health and Wellness Center. This applies for any student living in a residence hall or in FSL housing, not just for freshmen. Please include your BearPass ID or M Number on the documentation submitted.

    Attn: Medical Records Coordinator Magers Health and Wellness Center Missouri State University Springfield, Missouri 65897

    Fax: 417-836-4133

    2. You must also complete a very simple, 2-minute meningitis survey regarding other possible risk factors.

    How Common Is Meningococcal Disease

    Ohio students required to receive the meningococcal vaccine for 2016-2017 school year

    Meningococcal disease is becoming much less common. Over the past 20 years, the overall incidence of meningococcal disease in the US has declined 10-fold. Twenty years ago in Massachusetts there were 80-100 cases of meningococcal disease per year. In contrast, for the past decade the average is approximately 12 cases per year. Declining rates of meningococcal disease may be due in part to the introduction of meningococcal vaccines as well as other factors such as the decline in cigarette smoking, which may impact susceptibility to this disease.

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    Meningococcal Disease And College Students

    Four recent studies provide data concerning the risk for sporadicmeningococcal disease among college students . The earliest of these studies was conducted during the 1990–1991 and 1991–1992 school years. A questionnairedesigned to evaluate risk factors for meningococcal disease among college studentswas sent to 1,900 universities, resulting in a 38% response rate. Forty-three cases of meningococcal disease were reported during the 2 years from colleges with atotal enrollment of 4,393,744 students, for a low overall incidence of 1.0 per 100,000population per year. However, cases of meningococcal disease occurred 9–23 timesmore frequently in students residing in dormitories than in those residing in other typesof accommodations. The low response rate and the inability of the study to controlforother risk factors make these results difficult to interpret.

    In a retrospective, cohort study conducted in Maryland for the period 1992–1997,67 cases of meningococcal disease among persons aged 1630 years were identifiedby active, laboratory-based surveillance. Of those cases, 14 were amongstudents attending Maryland colleges, and 11 were among those in 4-year colleges. Theoverall incidence of meningococcal disease in Maryland college students was similar tothe incidence in the U.S. population of persons the same age however, rates of disease were elevated among students living indormitories compared with students living off-campus .

    What Are The Options For Meningococcal Vaccine

    Meningococcal vaccine is highly effective at protecting against four strains of the meningococcal bacteria. Three strains are common in the United States and the fourth strain protects travelers to certain countries where the disease is more common.

    The MenACWY vaccine does not contain the meningococcal B strain that may cause some cases in adolescents/young adults. The meningococcal B vaccine can be given to people age 16-23 years. MenB vaccine is also recommended for people over age 10 years with certain high-risk conditions. If your clinic does not carry the MenB vaccine, you can ask them to order it for you, or to refer you to another clinic that has the vaccine. Talk to your health care provider about this additional vaccine.

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    Schedule For Children Who Are More Likely To Get Meningitis

    Younger kids will need a vaccine if they’re at a greater risk of getting meningitis because they:

    • Have complement component deficiency, a rare immune system disease
    • Have spleen damage or had their spleen removed
    • Live in an area that had a meningitis outbreak
    • Take drugs that affect their immune system
    • Travel to a country where meningitis is common

    For these cases, doctors strongly recommend MenACWY for kids ages 2 months to 10 years. The number of doses and boosters your child needs depends on their health, age, and how long they stay at risk for the disease. For example, a child with spleen damage will be at risk longer than someone who travels for a week to a country where meningitis is common. Check with your doctor to find out what your child needs.

    Doctors also recommend that kids ages 10 and older with these risks get the standard doses of MenB.

    Are Free Or Low

    New meningitis vaccination requirement in Iowa for students

    Yes, if you don’t have insurance or your insurance does not cover the cost of the meningococcal vaccines, you may be able to find free or low-cost meningococcal shots. Note that there may still be an administration fee of up to $21.22 per shot.

    • If you are 18 years old or younger: Talk to your doctor or clinic to see if they participate in the Minnesota Vaccines for Children Program.
    • If you are 19 years old or older: Go to Vaccination Clinics Serving Uninsured and Underinsured Adults to search for a clinic near you that offers low-cost vaccines for eligible adults.

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    Menacwy Vaccine Mandates For Colleges And Universities

    Return to State Mandates on Immunization main page
    An empty box in this table indicates a “NO” answer


    Proof of vaccination or waiver required? Implementation date
    all incoming freshmen residing on campus yes
    all incoming students residing on campus yes
    yes, within 5 yrs of enrollment 1/1/2017
    all students residing on campus yes
    all incoming students residing on campus or in fraternity/sorority houses yes
    first year students living in on-campus housing yes
    all incoming students under 21 years of age yes
    all incoming students residing on campus yes
    all incoming students residing on campus yes
    full-time health science residential students yes
    newly enrolled full-time students & age < 21 yrs yes vax at > 16 yrs SY 2018-19
    all students residing on campus yes
    all incoming freshmen < 23 yrs yes
    all students with 6 sem hrs or 4 qtr hrs yes
    all incoming students < 21 yrs and residing in campus housing yes
    all incoming students residing in campus housing yes
    all students residing in dorm or housing unit yes
    all incoming first-year students < 22 yrs residing on campus yes
    yes, within 5 yrs of enrollment 1/14/2019
    all first year students residing on campus yes
    all incoming full time students yes
    If you have updated information concerning this table, please call 647-9009 or email . This table was compiled by the Immunization Action Coalition using information provided by state health departments.

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