Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Is The Flu Vaccine Available

How Do Flu Vaccines Work

What flu vaccine options are available?

Flu vaccines cause antibodies to develop in the body about two weeks after vaccination. These antibodies provide protection against infection with the viruses that are in the vaccine.

The seasonal flu vaccine protects against the influenza viruses that research indicates will be most common during the upcoming season. Traditional flu vaccines are made to protect against three flu viruses an influenza A virus, an influenza A virus, and an influenza B virus. There are also flu vaccines made to protect against four flu viruses . These vaccines protect against the same viruses as the trivalent vaccine and an additional B virus.

Can I Still Get The Flu If I’ve Been Vaccinated

Yes. Those who have been vaccinated may still get the flu. This can be caused by one or more of the following:

  • Exposure to the virus before vaccination
  • Exposure to the virus during the two-week period after receiving vaccination, before immunity develops.
  • The possible strains of the flu that may be circulating are not included in the flu vaccine.

In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration reviews the flu data and determines the combination of viruses most likely to prevent the flu each year. Despite the amount of research that goes into the flu vaccine composition, the virus is constantly changing.

Therefore, the vaccine may not be a perfect match to the current circulating virus. The good news is, those who have been vaccinated generally have a milder case of flu than those who are unvaccinated.

Vaccine Wastage And Cold Chain Requirements

  • Vaccine wastage due to spoilage or expiry is a concern for all immunization programs in Ontario, including the Universal Influenza Immunization Program. The Vaccine Storage and Handling Guidelines have been developed to facilitate proper storage and handling of publicly funded vaccines and minimize vaccine wastage as well as promote vaccine safety and effectiveness.
  • When minimum cold chain requirements are not met by a health care provider or setting, the public health unit has the authority to withhold vaccines until compliance issues have been resolved or until completion of other follow-up deemed necessary to ensure appropriate vaccine storage and handling.

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How Long Does The Flu Last

Most of the normal flu symptoms steadily improve over 25 days, however, its not uncommon to feel tired, fatigued or run down for a week or more. If you have a high risk of complications or begin to experience more severe symptoms, its best to contact your doctor.

Fortunately for people whove had a flu shot, those flu symptoms can last a shorter amount of time, or not be as severe.

Ii4 Efficacy Effectiveness And Immunogenicity

Flu Shots Available At Trooper Acme Pharmacy

Efficacy and effectiveness

Influenza vaccine has been shown in randomized controlled clinical trials to be efficacious in providing protection against influenza infection and illness. However, the effectiveness of the vaccine-that is, how it performs in settings that are more reflective of usual health care practice-can vary from season to season and by influenza vaccine strain type and subtype. Influenza vaccine effectiveness depends on how well the vaccine strains match with circulating influenza viruses, the type and subtype, as well as the health and age of the individual receiving the vaccine. Even when there is a less-than-ideal match or lower effectiveness against one strain, the possibility of lower VE should not preclude vaccination, particularly for people at high risk of influenza-related complications and hospitalization, since vaccinated individuals are still more likely to be protected compared to those who are unvaccinated.


Antibody response after vaccination depends on several factors, including the age of the recipient, prior and subsequent exposure to antigens, and the presence of immune compromising conditions. Protective levels of humoral antibodies, which correlate with protection against influenza infection, are generally achieved by 2 weeks after vaccination however, there may be some protection afforded before that time.

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Schools & Childcare Providers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that each year, an average of 20,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized because of flu-related complications. Flu causes more hospitalizations among young children than any other vaccine-preventable disease. The single best way to protect against seasonal flu and its potential severe complications is for children to get a seasonal influenza vaccine each year. Flu vaccination is recommended for all children aged 6 months and older. Making healthy choices at school and at home can help prevent the flu and spreading flu to others.

For infection control tips for schools and childcare providers, visit the Information for Schools & Childcare Providers page.

The Best Flu Vaccine If Youre Scared Of Needles

While most people use the terms flu vaccine and flu shot interchangeably, not all flu vaccines use a needle to deliver the ingredients.

FluMist Quadrivalent is a nasal spray vaccine. However, its not the right choice for some people. This vaccine is only FDA-approved for people between ages 2 and 49. FluMist Quadrivalent is also a live attenuated vaccine, meaning it contains weakened versions of the flu viruses instead of inactivated viruses. People who are pregnant and those with certain health problems such as a weakened immune system shouldnt receive it.

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When Is The Best Time To Get The Flu Shot

The flu shot is available a lot sooner than you might think. Sometimes, you can get the vaccine starting at the very end of August, but more often it drops in pharmacies and doctors offices in mid-September or early October.

And that happens to be perfect timing, as October is ideal, according to Dr. Adalja. This timing decreases the risk of the vaccination wearing off before flu season really peaks. But he also said that if the only time you can get is before October, that’s okay too. It’s better to get the vaccination early than to not get it at all.

While it may seem alarmist to get your flu shot ASAP, it really can save you from a dreadful few weeks or even a serious illness that sends you to the hospital. Ive seen far too many disasters in people who think they can time , Dr. Poland says. “People either forget about getting the vaccine or procrastinate it. Then they start seeing their neighbors and coworkers get sick and decide it’s time. But at that point, it could already be too late.”

Can I Still Buy Influenza Vaccine For The 2021

Vaccine available as influenza season approaches

Influenza vaccine pre-booking typically occurs between January and March. Some formulations of vaccine should still be available for purchase. Providers should contact distributors and local vendors about remaining supply. In addition, beginning in early October each year, information about manufacturers and distributors who still have influenza vaccine available for sale can be found at .

Updates on the distribution of influenza vaccine doses for the 2021-2022 season will be provided as the season progresses.

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Which Flu Vaccine Is The Most Effective

When flu vaccines are being produced, the strains included are standardized by the FDA. Each 2021-2022 vaccine includes:

  • Two type B viruses

This means that no matter what vaccine you choose, youre being protected against the same strains. Flu vaccines are typically between 40% and 60% effective from year to year. But when it comes to picking the right flu vaccine for you, you have to take other factors into account.

Trivalent And Quadrivalent Shots Made With Adjuvant

These shots, called Fluad and Fluad Quadrivalent, are another option for flu vaccines that are approved for people ages 65 and older. It includes an ingredient called adjuvant, which also creates a stronger immune system response.

These flu vaccines are slightly different because they protect against four different strains of the flu virus .

Because of this, these vaccinations can provide broader protection from infection.

Options are below.

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What Kinds Of Flu Vaccines Are Available

CDC recommends the use of injectable influenza vaccines during 2020-2021.

Quadrivalent flu vaccines include:

  • Quadrivalent flu shots are approved for use in different age groups.
  • An intradermal quadrivalent flu shot, which is injected into the skin instead of the muscle and uses a much smaller needle than the regular flu shot. It is approved for people 18 through 64 years of age.
  • A quadrivalent flu shot containing virus grown in cell culture, which is approved for people 4 years of age and older.

The Flu Vaccine Cannot Protect You Against Covid

Free Flu Shots Available at County Clinics  North County ...

While COVID-19 symptoms and flu symptoms can be similar, these two illnesses are caused by different viruses. So, that means that a flu shot cannot help protect you against COVID-19, nor can COVID-19 vaccines protect you against the flu.

But it is possible for you to be infected by both viruses at the same time which can lead to serious complications. The best way to protect yourself and those around you is by getting vaccinated for both influenza and COVID-19.

Data suggests the flu vaccine and all currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines are effective in preventing their respective illnesses with the greatest protection coming against severe illness, hospitalization and death.

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The Flu Shot Works To Significantly Reduce Your Risk Of Getting Influenza

Since influenza A and influenza B strains are complex, a small number of people who get their flu shot will still get the flu. But that doesnt mean you should skip getting your flu shot this year. It just means that the vaccine wont make you invincible to everything out there this year.

Influenza is serious and it can lead to complications. Older adults, kids and pregnant women are at a higher risk for the flu. But the flu vaccine protects you and those around you from around half of all flu viruses. The CDC does an incredible amount of vaccine safety testing and monitoring.

How effective is the flu shot? Generally, the flu vaccine can help reduce your risk of getting the flu by up to 60%.

What Is The Flu

The flu, or seasonal influenza, is a common contagious infection. The flu affects the nose, throat, and lungs. It is spread through droplets that have been coughed or sneezed by someone who has the flu. You can get the flu by shaking hands with someone who has the flu or by touching surfaces that have come into contact with flu droplets, and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Flu symptoms include a sudden fever or feeling feverish as well as a cough and/or a sore throat. It is common to also have a runny or stuffy nose, headache or body aches, and chills. You may feel more tired than usual and have a lower appetite. Some people also have nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea. Most people will recover within a week to 10 days, but some people are at greater risk of severe complications, such as pneumonia or death. Influenza infection can also worsen certain chronic conditions, such as heart disease. According to the National Advisory Committee on Immunization , there are approximately 3,500 deaths related to influenza on average each year in Canada.

NACI recommends people six months of age and over receive the flu vaccine each year, especially:

  • People at high risk of influenza-related complications or hospitalizations:
  • All pregnant women
  • Neurologic or neurodevelopment conditions
  • Morbid obesity
  • Children and adolescents undergoing treatment with acetylsalicylic acid for long periods
  • People capable of transmitting influenza to those at high risk:
  • Poultry industry workers
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    When Should I Get My Flu Vaccine

    Flu vaccine effectiveness can have a lot to do with when you get it. Its recommended to get your flu vaccine about 2 weeks before flu season begins in your area preferably by the end of October. However, if you get the flu vaccine too early July or August, for instance you may not be protected for the entire flu season.

    While September or October are the ideal times to get your flu vaccine, its still recommended to get it later than that if you were unable to do so earlier. If youre unsure when flu season begins in your area, talk to your local pharmacist or healthcare provider.

    If youve recently received or will be receiving a COVID-19 vaccine including booster doses you dont have to wait a certain time to get the flu vaccine. You can even get them on the same day, if thats more convenient. These two vaccines arent known to interfere with each other.

    The Flu Shot Is Effective

    Flu vaccine now available at Albertsons pharmacies, parking lot flu clinics

    The effectiveness of the vaccine varies from season to season. It depends on how well the vaccine matches with the circulating flu viruses, as well as the health and age of the person getting the flu shot.

    The viruses circulating in the population can sometimes change during the time it takes to produce a vaccine. When this happens during the flu season, the flu shot may not work as well as expected.

    It is also important to remember that the flu shot protects against several different flu viruses each season. Even when there is a less-than-ideal match or lower effectiveness against one virus, the seasonal flu shot can still provide protection against the remaining two or three viruses. If you do get the flu, the flu shot may reduce the severity of flu-related complications.

    Getting your flu shot is still the most effective way to protect yourself against the flu and flu-related complications.

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    Types Of Seasonal Influenza Vaccine

    Two types of influenza vaccine are widely available: inactivated influenza vaccines and live attenuated influenza vaccines . Traditionally, influenza vaccines have been produced to protect against 3 different seasonal influenza viruses . In most countries this is still the case and the current trivalent vaccines contain influenza A, pandemic A and 1 of 2 influenza B lineage viruses. However, recently vaccines which protect against 4 different viruses, including both influenza B lineage viruses , have become available in some countries.

    Regardless of the type or composition of seasonal influenza vaccine, vaccination should be administered annually to provide optimal protection against infection.

    Iv5 Additional Vaccine Safety Considerations

    Influenza vaccine is safe and well tolerated. Contraindications, precautions, and common AEs are described in Section II. Additional information regarding egg-allergic individuals and GBS is provided below.

    Egg-allergic individuals

    After careful review of clinical and post-licensure safety data, NACI has concluded that egg-allergic individuals may be vaccinated against influenza using any appropriate product, including LAIV, without prior influenza vaccine skin test and with the full dose, irrespective of a past severe reaction to egg and without any particular consideration, including vaccination setting. The amount of trace ovalbumin allowed in influenza vaccines that are authorized for use in Canada is associated with a low risk of AE. The observation period post-vaccination is as recommended in Vaccine Safety in Part 2 of the CIG. As with all vaccine administration, vaccine providers should be prepared with the necessary equipment, knowledge, and skills to respond to a vaccine emergency at all times.

    Refer to the Statement on Seasonal Influenza Vaccine for 2018-2019 for safety data supporting this recommendation for IIV and LAIV.

    Guillain-Barré syndrome

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    Protect Yourself And Others From The Flu

    Getting a flu shot is the best way to protect yourself and others from the flu. The flu shot is safe and available for free to all Nova Scotians 6 months of age and older. You can safely get a flu shot before, after or at the same time as a COVID-19 vaccine.

    The flu vaccine is available from most family physicians, family practice nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists and walk-in clinics. You can contact your public health office if you’re unsure where to get the flu vaccine.

    Where To Get A Flu Shot

    Seniors can now choose from different types of flu shot ...

    During flu season you can get a free flu shot from:

    • your doctor or nurse practitioner
    • participating pharmacies

    Children six moths to four years old can get their flu shot from a doctor, nurse practitioner or local public health unit. Children under five years old cannot get a flu shot at a pharmacy.

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    Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccines

    LAIV is approved for use only in persons aged 249 years who do not have underlying medical conditions. The vaccine should, however, not be administered to pregnant women. LAIV is given as a nasal spray, 1 dose only but children aged 28 years who have not received seasonal influenza vaccine during the previous influenza season should receive 2 doses, at least 4 weeks apart.

    LAIV is made from attenuated, or weakened, viruses and does not cause influenza, although it can cause mild signs or symptoms . Most common side effects from the vaccine are mild and transient compared to symptoms of influenza infection.

    What Are The Symptoms Of The Flu

    The first signs or symptoms of the flu may be mild or just seem like a common cold with a runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat. But colds usually develop slowly, whereas the flu tends to come on suddenly. And although a cold can be a nuisance, the signs and symptoms of the flu are usually much worse than those of the cold.

    Symptoms of the flu may include some of the signs below:

    • Fever or chills
    • Vomiting and diarrhea

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