What Is The Permission For The Exchange Of Data Between The Jgz And Rivm About
If you have given permission for the vaccination, and you have had a vaccination, the JGZ will record the vaccination details accurately. These details state which vaccine has been given, and where and when this took place.
The JGZ will pass on this information to RIVM, as RIVM uses the data to run the NIP and to monitor whether the programme is working properly.
The JGZ will always pass on the vaccination details to RIVM. If you agree to this, the JGZ will also share your personal details with RIVM. The JGZ is not just allowed to pass on personal details , date of birth, gender) without your consent. All participants will always be asked for permission first.
Sharing vaccination details together with personal details between the JGZ and RIVM has many advantages.RIVM can contribute to your health if it knows which vaccinations you have had:
- For example, RIVM will send you a reminder for a vaccination if you have not already had this vaccination.
- You can also easily request an overview of all the vaccinations you have received from RIVM, for example if you have lost the vaccination certificate. These kinds of vaccination overviews are sometimes necessary for a trip abroad. It may also be useful when visiting a doctor or hospital.
- In addition, RIVM always checks afterwards whether you have received the right vaccine at the right time.
RIVM can also use the data to keep a close eye on public health:
You Are Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
- Pregnant women who are at increased risk for serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease may get MenACWY vaccines.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women who are at increased risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease may get MenB vaccines. However, they should talk with a doctor to decide if the benefits of getting the vaccine outweigh the risks.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Meningococcal Vaccines
Some of the most common side effects are swelling, redness, and pain at the site of the injection, along with headache, fever, or tiredness. Serious problems, such as allergic reactions, are rare.
The meningococcal vaccines contains only a small piece of the germ, so it can’t cause meningococcal disease.
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Would You Like To Request A New Call
You can request a new set of call-up cards through the Department for Vaccine Supply and Prevention Programmes in your region. If you have a vaccination appointment at your JGZ Jeugdgezondheidszorg organisation in the short term, you can simply have it go through. The JGZ organisation will use a duplicate of the call-up card to register the given vaccination.
Who Should Get Meningococcal Vaccines
CDC recommends meningococcal vaccination for all preteens and teens. In certain situations, CDC also recommends other children and adults get meningococcal vaccines. Below is more information about which meningococcal vaccines, including booster shots, CDC recommends for people by age.
Talk to your or your childs doctor about what is best for your specific situation.
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Persons With Inadequate Immunization Records
Children and adults lacking adequate documentation of immunization should be considered unimmunized and started on an immunization schedule appropriate for their age and risk factors. Conjugate meningococcal vaccine, as appropriate for age, may be given regardless of possible previous receipt of the vaccine, as adverse events associated with repeated immunization have not been demonstrated. Refer to Immunization of persons with inadequate immunization records in Part 3 for additional general information.
How To Take Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Use Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
This vaccine is given as an injection into a muscle.
Meningococcal conjugate vaccine is recommended if:
- you’ve been exposed to an outbreak of meningococcal disease
- you are in the military
- you work in a laboratory and are exposed to meningococcal bacteria
- you live in a dormitory or other group housing
- you live in or travel to an area where meningococcal disease is common
- you have a medical problem affecting your spleen, or your spleen has been removed
- you have HIV
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Spacing Between First And Second Dose Of Comirnaty
- To be fully immunised with Comirnaty requires two doses given at least 3 weeks apart .
- The recommended spacing between doses is at least 3 weeks to provide a protective and durable immune response.
- Vaccinators are advised not to give the second dose earlier than 21 days.
- A longer gap between doses provides an even better response after the second dose, but leaving it too long can leave you vulnerable to infection, particularly, if you are at high risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2, eg if there is an outbreak underway.
- On the other hand, because your immune system is not yet ready, having a dose too soon after the first dose will not produce a good response to the second dose.
- Note that in order to be better protected against the highly transmissible variants, like Omicron, you need two doses, plus a booster at least 3 months on from your primary course.
What Are Other Causes Of Viral Meningitis
Certain insects can also transmit viruses that cause meningitis, such as:
- West Nile virus from mosquitos in certain parts of the Americas, Africa, West Asia, Australia, and mainland Europe
- St. Louis encephalitis virus from mosquitos in North America
- Encephalitis viruses from ticks in mainland Europe and Asia
Those who have contact with feces or urine from house mice may get meningitis from the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Hamsters and other pet rodents may also carry LCM if they have come into contact with mice.
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Who Is Entitled To The Menacwy Vaccine
All teenagers around the age of 14 are offered this vaccine as part of the routine immunisation schedule. The MenACWY vaccine is usually given at school at the same time as the tetanus, diphtheria and polio booster.
The MenACWY vaccine is also offered to first year university students* under the age of 25. First year university students are at greater risk of infection due to higher carriage rates of the bacteria. They are also more likely to be living in cramped student accommodation.
The MenACWY vaccine is also recommended for people with certain long-term health conditions who are at greater risk. These include individuals with no spleen, or a spleen that does not work properly or with complement disorders .
The MenACWY vaccine is used as a travel vaccine for travellers attending the Hajj and those visiting countries with a higher incidence of meningococcal disease, such as parts of Africa and Latin America.
Are Extra Doses Of Vaccines Harmful
No. An extra dose of any vaccine is similar to being exposed to the virus or bacteria in nature the difference is that with a dose of vaccine, you know that the exposure happened. If your grandson was exposed to Haemophilus influenzae type b in the community, you would not necessarily know about it, but whether he was exposed in the community or by vaccination, his immune system will respond in the same way it will recognize Hib as foreign and make an immune response to prevent disease.
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Doctors Support The Change
Richard Watkins, MD, an infectious disease physician and a professor of internal medicine at the Northeast Ohio Medical University, tells Verywell that there was never any compelling evidence for the previous recommendation, adding, I am glad it has been changed.
Watkins says that the move may help more children get vaccinated, noting the convenience factor. Under the updated guidance, families only have to make one trip to get vaccinated instead of several under the previous recommendations, he says.
John Schreiber, MD, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at Connecticut Children’s Medical Center, tells Verywell that the changed guidance seems like a reasonable thing to do.
Schreiber anticipates that some parents may still be wary to give their children other vaccines at the same time as the COVID-19 vaccine, but say that new recommendations are sound.
I dont have any concerns with this, Schreiber says. But, he adds, the CDC and AAP will monitor children to see what happens next. If it turns out that children are complaining about more side effects after getting vaccinated, Im sure the recommendations can be modified.”
The information in this article is current as of the date listed, which means newer information may be available when you read this. For the most recent updates on COVID-19, visit our coronavirus news page.
What Are The Risks Of Gbs With The Mcv4 Vaccine
Between 2005 and 2012, more than 18 million doses of MCV4 were distributed. It’s uncertain how many of those have actually been given. In that same time period, there have been 99 confirmed cases of GBS, a serious nervous system disorder, reported within six weeks of the vaccine being taken. There is not enough data at this time to tell whether or not the vaccine was a factor. But analysis of the data suggests that the incidence of GBS is no higher for people receiving the vaccine than the incidence of GBS in the general population.
Still, the timing of the onset of symptoms has raised concern. The CDC is continuing to study the issue and has recommended that people be told about the study when they are considering the vaccine. The current opinion is that even if there is a slight increase in the risk of GBS, it’s significantly outweighed by the risk of meningococcal disease without the vaccine.
Talk to your doctor if you have any further concerns about the vaccine and GBS.
Pediatrics, published online Feb. 1, 2011. CDC web site: “Meningitis Questions & Answers,” “Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need to Know,” “Meningococcal Vaccination,” “Vaccines and Preventable Diseases: Meningococcal: Who Needs to Be Vaccinated?” “Meningococcal vaccine side-effects,” “GBS and Menactra Meningococcal Vaccine.”
VaccineInformation.org: “Meningococcal Disease Vaccine.”
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Can I Get The Vaccine Privately
Yes. A variety of pharmacies, travel clinics and private GP practices offer this vaccine for travel purposes and may be able to provide this vaccine for general protection.
Prices will vary, so you may wish to contact more than one provider before making your choice. Expect to pay between £40 70 privately for this vaccine.
Contact our Helpline on 0808 80 10 388 or email
*Most Scottish students will have already been offered the MenACWY. If you live outside Scotland but are attending a university in Scotland, ensure you get the MenACWY vaccine before you go.
What Happens After The Immunization
Your child might have a fever, soreness, and some swelling and redness at the injection area. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain or fever and to find out the right dose.
A warm, damp cloth or a heating pad on the injection site may help reduce soreness, as can moving or using the arm.
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Meningococcal Acwy Vaccine Side Effects
The meningococcal ACWY vaccine is effective and safe, although all medications can have unwanted side effects.
Side effects from this vaccine are uncommon and are usually mild, but may include:
- localised pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
- occasionally, an injection-site lump that may last many weeks
- low-grade temperature
- children being unsettled, irritable, tearful, or generally unhappy, drowsy and tired.
Side Effects Not Requiring Immediate Medical Attention
Some side effects of meningococcal conjugate vaccine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Applies to meningococcal conjugate vaccine: intramuscular powder for injection, intramuscular solution
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Are You 65 Or Older Get Two Vaccinations Against Pneumonia
- By Gregory Curfman, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Former Editor-in-Chief, Harvard Health Publishing
ARCHIVED CONTENT: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date each article was posted or last reviewed. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.
If you or a loved one is age 65 or older, getting vaccinated against pneumonia is a good idea so good that the Centers for Disease Control now recommends that everyone in this age group get vaccinated against pneumonia twice.
This new recommendation is based on findings from a large clinical trial called CAPiTA, which were published today in The New England Journal of Medicine.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, sometimes just called pneumococcus, is a common bacterium that can cause serious lung infections like pneumonia. It can also cause invasive infections of the bloodstream, the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord , and other organs and tissues. Older individuals are especially prone to being infected by Pneumococcus, and these infections are often deadly.
The dark spots are pneumonia-causing Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria isolated from the blood of an infected person.
One caveat is that while PCV13 is effective in preventing pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae, it does not prevent pneumonia caused by viruses or other bacteria.
Two Permissions For The Nip
According to the law, we need permission to:
- give the vaccinations, and
- exchange data between the JGZ and RIVM.
It is important that you know what the permissions are about. For this reason, RIVM sends out a brochure with each of the vaccination invitations. The information in the brochure will help you to decide whether or not to give your permission.
During the visit to the JGZ, the doctor or nurse will tell you about the vaccinations and what you can expect. You will also be able to ask questions. The JGZ doctor or nurse will then ask for the permissions.
You can give the permissions verbally to the JGZ doctor or nurse. You do not need to sign anything. The permissions are valid for the entire NIP. You can change your mind at any time if you wish, by telling the JGZ this. You don’t have to give a reason.
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Is It Too Late To Get Vaccinated
The answer to this question isnt so clear-cut. If you have an unvaccinated teen headed off to college, there is still time for them to get their vaccines. Your child may also need another shot if they had the vaccine as a preteen. Meningitis vaccines are thought to only last for about five years, according to the Center for Young Womens Health.
Adults can also get the meningitis vaccine if their doctors recommend it. Certain situations can warrant the use of meningitis vaccinations. Examples include spleen removal, going to military camp, or traveling overseas.
What Is The Menacwy Vaccine
The MenACWY vaccine helps to protect against disease caused by four of the main groups of meningococcal bacteria – A, C, W and Y.
Meningococcal group W has historically been rare in the UK but since 2009 cases have increased. A particularly aggressive strain of MenW is causing disease in all age groups but there has been significant increase in university students.
The MenACWY vaccine was introduced across the UK in August 2015 in response to the rise in MenW cases. The MenACWY vaccine also provides a MenC booster.
Remember, no vaccine will offer complete protection from meningitis. Remaining vigilant is vital.
Symptoms Of Vaccine Reactions
- Local Reactions. Shot sites can have swelling, redness and pain. Most often, these symptoms start within 24 hours of the shot. They most often last 3 to 5 days. With the DTaP vaccine, they can last up to 7 days.
- Fever. Fever with most vaccines begins within 24 hours and lasts 1 to 2 days.
- Delayed Reactions. With the MMR and chickenpox shots, fever and rash can occur. These symptoms start later. They usually begin between 1 and 4 weeks.
- Anaphylaxis. Severe allergic reactions are very rare. They start within 20 minutes. Sometimes can occur up to 2 hours after the shot. Vaccine health workers know how to treat these reactions.
Meningococcal B Vaccine For Children Less Than Two Years Of Age
Fever is common in children aged two or under two years of age when meningococcal B vaccine is given.
It is recommended to use paracetamol 30 minutes before every dose of meningococcal B vaccine given to children under two years of age or as soon as practicable. Follow this with two more doses of paracetamol given 6 hours apart, even if the children do not have a fever.
This is to:
- reduce the chance of fever occurring
- reduce the severity of fever that does occur.
Be sure to give the paracetamol dose that is written on the bottle according to your child’s weight.
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Where Can I Find These Vaccines
Your doctor is usually the best place to receive recommended vaccines for you or your child. These vaccines are part of the routine childhood immunization schedule. Therefore, vaccines for children and teens are regularly available at
- Pediatric and family practice offices
- Community health clinics
If your doctor does not have these vaccines for adults, ask for a referral.
Vaccines may also be available at
- Health departments
- Other community locations, such as schools and religious centers
You can also contact your state health department to learn more about where to get vaccines in your community.
When receiving any vaccine, ask the provider to record the vaccine in the state or local vaccine registry, if available. This helps providers at future visits know what vaccines you or your child have already received.