Wednesday, September 27, 2023

What Is The Best Vaccination Schedule For Puppies

Puppies And Dogs Vaccination Schedule

Capture-Handling of Dogs for Mass Dog Vaccination-The Bali Method Part 2: Catching Dogs by Hand
8 weeks old
A serious viral infection, sometimes fatal
Infectious HepatitisInfectious disease affecting the liver, kidney, eyes and lungs
Canine ParvovirusCauses severe weakness, diarrhoea and vomiting
LeptospirosisA zoonotic disease that causes liver failure
Contagious Canine Cough A highly contagious disease of a dog’s respiratory tract
RabiesA fatal viral disease spread by the bite of an infected animal

* see DEFRA website for full rules

What Is The Best Vaccination Schedule

Puppies usually have a course of three vaccinations, normally given 4 weeks apart:First Vaccinations from 6 to 8 weeks of ageSecond Booster from 10 to 12 weeks of ageFinal dose from 14 to 16 weeks of age

Adult dogs require an annual vaccination boosters for life. We’ve put together a list of annual adult dog vaccinations to expect here. Your vet clinic will send you a reminder a few weeks before your dog is due for their yearly booster.

Are There Optional Dog Vaccines

Although puppy vaccines and dog vaccinations are very important to the overall health and wellness of your canine companion, not every puppy or dog needs to be vaccinated against every disease. Some canine vaccinations should only be administered depending upon factors including:

  • Age
  • Travel habits
  • Lifestyle

Therefore, it is very important for us to discuss the vaccination protocol that’s right for your canine companion at your next appointment.

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How Many Vaccinations Does A Puppy Need

There are 2 essential puppy vaccinations that your dog will need to get:

  • First puppy vaccination from the age of 6 weeks
  • Second puppy vaccination from the age of 10weeks AND at least 2 weeks after the first dose

We would also recommend vaccination against Kennel Cough , this can be done from 10 weeks of age and so is oftencombined with the second part of the primary vaccination course.

If you want to travel abroad with your puppy then he or shewill need a rabies vaccination from the age of 12 weeks.

Your puppy is also recommended to have a health check with aqualified vet within 48 hours of picking them up from the breeders to check forany congenital problems including heart murmur, hare lip or umbilical hernia.

Your puppy should then receive monthly health checks to checkon their growth, teething, general health and apply flea and worm treatment.After that, we recommend yearly checks to make sure your pup stays in goodhealth.

It is also a legal requirement for your puppy to be microchipped before they reach 12 weeks old. Many breeders will now do this for you so make sure you ask them when youre collecting your puppy.

How Much Are Puppy Vaccinations

German Shepherd Vaccination Schedule

The price of puppy vaccinations will vary depending on the components included in the vaccination, our primary course of 2 vaccinations costs £44.40 per dose.

At Kensington Veterinary Care we offer competitive prices for your puppy vaccines, always keeping the highest standards and quality in mind. For more information or to book your puppy in for dog vaccinations in Kensington, London, call us today on 020 7221 3093 or book an appointment online. And dont forget to download your puppy vaccination calendar to keep on track!

Our Free Puppy Vaccination Calendar

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When Should Puppies Be Vaccinated

Puppies are typically vaccinated at eight and ten weeks with the second dose usually being given two to four weeks later. Speak to your vet about the best timings.

Your puppy will then require a booster vaccination at 6 or 12 months. As your puppy grows into an adult dog it’s important to ensure you visit the vet and keep your dog’s vaccinations up to date.

A Typical Puppy Vaccination Schedule:

  • First vaccination: 6 to 8 weeks DHP
  • Second vaccination: 9 to 11 weeks DHP
  • Third vaccination: 12 to 15 weeks DHP
  • Fourth vaccination: 16 to 20 weeks DHP
  • Booster DHP: 1 year of age or 12 months after the last puppy shot, then as recommended
  • Rabies vaccination: typically required by law at 3-6 months of age with a booster 12 months later, then a booster every 1-3 years.
  • Bordetella, Parainfluenza, and Canine Influenza recommended for social dogs .
  • Lyme or Leptospirosis: May be recommended by your veterinarian if you live in or travel with your dog to an area where these are endemic.

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What Should My Puppy Be Vaccinated Against

The mandatory vaccinations include:

  • Distemper: This can take several forms, which often makes diagnosis difficult. In general it can cause high temperature, respiratory problems , digestive problems , ocular, cutaneous or nervous problems, and may often be fatal.
  • Canine hepatitis: The symptoms range from slight fever and congestion of the mucosa membrane to vomiting, jaundice, stomach enlargement, depression, reduction of white blood cells, pain in the liver and severe hepititis.
  • Canine parvovirus disease: Parvovirus is highly contagious and attacks the gastrointestinal system, creates loss of appetite, vomiting, fever and often severe, bloody diarrhoea. Extreme dehydration can come on rapidly and can be fatal within 48 – 72 hours.
  • Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease which comes from bacteria transmitted by rodent urine, and can be transmitted to humans and certain animals. For dogs, symptoms include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, severe weakness and lethargy, stiffness, jaundice, muscle pain, infertility and kidney failure .

The recommended vaccinations include:

Meningococcal Serogroup A C W Y Vaccination

For Pet Sake’s: Vaccines

Routine vaccination

  • 2-dose series at 1112 years, 16 years

Catch-up vaccination

  • Age 1315 years: 1 dose now and booster at age 1618 years
  • Age 1618 years: 1 dose

Special situations

Anatomic or functional asplenia , HIV infection, persistent complement component deficiency, complement inhibitor use:

  • Menveo
  • Dose 1 at age 8 weeks: 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, 12 months
  • Dose 1 at age 36 months: 3- or 4- dose series
  • Dose 1 at age 723 months: 2-dose series
  • Dose 1 at age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Menactra
  • Persistent complement component deficiency or complement inhibitor use:
  • Age 923 months: 2-dose series at least 12 weeks apart
  • Age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Anatomic or functional asplenia, sickle cell disease, or HIV infection:
  • Age 923 months: Not recommended
  • Age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Menactra must be administered at least 4 weeks after completion of PCV13 series.
  • MenQuadfi
  • Dose 1 at age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Travel in countries with hyperendemic or epidemic meningococcal disease, including countries in the African meningitis belt or during the Hajj

    • Children age less than 24 months:
    • Menveo
    • Dose 1 at age 8 weeks: 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, 12 months
    • Dose 1 at age 36 months: 3- or 4- dose series
    • Dose 1 at age 723 months: 2-dose series
  • Menactra
  • 2-dose series
  • Children age 2 years or older: 1 dose Menveo, Menactra, or MenQuadfi
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    When Do I Need To Vaccinate My Puppy

    Puppies are safe for the very early weeks of their life, as they will have immunity that has been passed to them through their mothers milk.

    • The first vaccination should take place at 8 weeks of age
    • The second at 12 weeks
    • The third at 16 weeks

    As long as these three vaccinations happen at the right time, this will protect your new puppy for the next 12 months. Its worth getting these appointments booked as soon as possible with your vet.

    If I Choose To Breed My Female Dog How Old Should She Be

    If you plan to breed your dog, she should have at least one or two heat periods first. She will then be more physically mature allowing her to be a better mother. Breeding after five years of age is not recommended unless she has been bred prior to that. Having her first litter after five years of age increases the risk of complications during the pregnancy or delivery. For more information, see the series of handouts on “Breeding for Dog Owners”.

    As always, if you have any concerns or questions about your new puppy, contact your veterinarian.

    Contributors: Ernest Ward, DVM Updated by Amy Panning, DVM

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    Everything You Must Know About Vaccinating Your Dog

    Dog vaccinations play a critical role in protecting your dog from many dangerous and even fatal diseases. While state law requires all dogs are vaccinated for rabies, there are a number of other vaccinations that can protect your dog from serious diseases that are easily preventable.

    At Indian Trail Animal Hospital we have spent decades educating people about the benefits of dog vaccinations. This includes what vaccines are necessary and how they should be scheduled. Over the years we have been asked every question possible about dog vaccinations and we have compiled some of the most frequently asked ones for you here. This is only meant to be a general introduction dog vaccinations. At your dog’s next veterinary appointment, we will be happy to help you understand the vaccination recommendations for your dog.

    Determining The Timing And Frequency Of Vaccinations

    25 Canine Dog Puppy Health Record Vaccine Shot Folder ...

    Your veterinarian can best determine a vaccination schedule for your pet. This will depend on the type of vaccine, your pets age, medical history, environment and lifestyle.

    For puppies: If his mother has a healthy immune system, a puppy will most likely receive antibodies in mothers milk while nursing. Puppies should receive a series of vaccinations starting at six to eight weeks of age. A veterinarian should administer a minimum of three vaccinations at three- to four-week intervals. The final dose should be administered at 16 weeks of age.

    For adult dogs: Some adult dogs might receive certain vaccines annually, while other vaccines might be given every three years or longer.

    For kittens: Kittens automatically receive antibodies in the milk their mother produces if their mother has a healthy immune system. When the kitten is around six to eight weeks of age, your veterinarian can begin to administer a series of vaccines at three- or four-week intervals until the kitten reaches 16 weeks of age.

    For adult cats: Adult cats might be revaccinated annually or every three years.

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    How Much Will Vaccinations Cost

    Your puppys initial set of vaccines will cost between £30 and £60, but this is far less than the cost of treating the diseases themselves. It will also save your dog from pain, discomfort and even death, and means that you and your family will be spared the stress of coping with a seriously ill pet. Regular booster vaccines will cost less than the initial vaccinations.

    If you are on benefits and live in an area covered by Blue Cross, you may also be eligible for help with veterinary care. Click here to find out more about our veterinary services.

    Page last updated 12/07/2021

    Tetanus Diphtheria And Pertussis Vaccination

    Routine vaccination

    • Adolescents age 1112 years: 1 dose Tdap
    • Pregnancy: 1 dose Tdap during each pregnancy, preferably during the early part of gestational weeks 2736
    • Tdap may be administered regardless of the interval since the last tetanus- and diphtheria-toxoid-containing vaccine.

    Catch-up vaccination

    • Adolescents age 1318 years who have not received Tdap: 1 dose Tdap, then Td or Tdap booster every 10 years
    • Persons age 718 years not fully vaccinated* with DTaP: 1 dose Tdap as part of the catch-up series if additional doses are needed, use Td or Tdap.
    • Tdap administered at age 710 years
    • Children age 79 years who receive Tdap should receive the routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
    • Children age 10 years who receive Tdap do not need the routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
  • DTaP inadvertently administered on or after age 7 years:
  • Children age 79 years: DTaP may count as part of catch-up series. Administer routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
  • Children age 1018 years: Count dose of DTaP as the adolescent Tdap booster.
  • For other catch-up guidance, see Table 2.
  • Special situations

    *Fully vaccinated = 5 valid doses of DTaP OR 4 valid doses of DTaP if dose 4 was administered at age 4 years or older.

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    Jumpstart Your Puppys Immune System

    In their first year of life, puppies will need to visit their veterinarian numerous times to get vaccinated for and become immunized against potentially fatal, yet preventable infectious diseases. The worst of these are Distemper and Parvo.

    The timing and interval between booster vaccinations is critical to ensure your puppy is protected, as their mothers antibodies can interfere with a vaccinations ability to mount your puppys own immune response. Thus, puppies need a series of vaccinations to allow their immune system to break through waning maternal antibody.

    How Do Vaccines Work

    Hot Vet – Vaccines and Dogs

    Vaccines or vaccinations work by stimulating the animals immune system, so that their bodies natural defences are prepared and fully equipped with antibodies to fight against any diseases. Unfortunately if your cat is not properly vaccinated, their bodies immune system will not be armed to fight off any virus or bacterial infection.

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    Is There Anything Else I Should Be Aware Of

  • Vaccinations are generally required as a condition of your pets insurance policy. We always recommend insurance and there are key reasons why you should do this from an early age. Read more here.
  • The majority of kennels and many doggy day-care services will require proof of immunisation before they will look after your dog.
  • Vaccinations are included in the Medivet Healthcare Plan. Talk to your vet about the benefits of the plan or read more here.
  • Vaccinate Your Dog With The Medivet Healthcare Plan

    When you sign up to the Medivet Healthcare Plan, your dogs vaccinations are included in the monthly cost. This enables you to spread the cost of vaccinations and receive reminders when a vaccination is due.

    Other benefits of the Medivet Healthcare Plan include:

    • Complete flea, worm and tick protection for the year
    • Six month health check by a vet
    • Discounts on vet care, dental and food
    • Microchipping

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    Why Vaccinate Your Puppy

    Vaccines are designed to trigger immune responses and prevent future infection from diseases. All puppies should be administered certain core vaccines these provide immunity against the most dangerous and widespread diseases and are considered essential for puppies in most geographical locations. Depending on your location and your puppy’s environment, you may want non-core vaccines given as well. Talk to your vet about your puppys risk of exposure to these diseases.

    What If I Rehomed My Puppy From A Charity Or Animal Home

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    If you adopt a puppy or dog from us, we’ll have already given them initial vaccinations. That’s one of the reasons we charge an adoption fee when we rehome an animal. You should still register with your vet, and talk to them about additional vaccines in the future.

    Start your search for a puppy today or take a look at our puppy buying guide for advice on getting a healthy, happy puppy from a breeder. When you’re ready to bring your pup home, we have lots of great tips about the puppy buying process to help you welcome your new pup to the family, and you can also learn more about caring for your puppy.

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    When Can I Take My Puppy Outside

    Youve probably heard that its not safe to take your puppy outside until theyve had a full course of vaccinations run through their body. While this is true, it doesnt mean your puppy cant go pee in the grass. Its more referring to letting your puppy socialize with other animals.

    Its important to keep your puppy away from as many new things as possible until theyve had their vaccines.

    How Do I Know The Vaccinations For My Puppy

    Speak to your vet and tell them where your puppy will be spending time. This could include:

    • Boarding kennels
    • The woods
    • Day care

    Also let your vet know whether youll be travelling outside of the country with your puppy, and any activities they may be participating in, such as dog shows or sporting events.

    Your vet will then put in place a vaccination programme best suited to the needs of your puppy.

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    How Do I Get My Dog Or Puppy Vaccinated

    If you bring your dog to the Jollyes Community Pet Clinic, our vet will examine your pet to check that it he or she is healthy prior to vaccination. This is important as vaccines are often less effective in an unhealthy dog. They will advise you on which vaccinations are appropriate depending on your dogs age and lifestyle.

    Why Does My Puppy Need To Have Vaccinations

    Are pet vaccinations still important?

    When puppies are first born, they completely rely on the antibodies provided in their mothers milk. This will protect them against any harmful microorganisms.

    However, this protection fades over time, meaning the puppy will become vulnerable to catching infectious diseases. The right vaccinations at the right age will help prevent your puppy from developing any of these diseases or infections.

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    First And Second Puppy Vaccinations

    The primary course of vaccinations that your puppy shouldreceive protects them against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Leptospirosis.

    This course requires two rounds of injections. The firstshould be given at 6-8 weeks old. Many breeders will include this first vaccineas part of a packaged deal so make sure you check with them beforehand. If yourpuppy has not had its first vaccine when you pick them up from the breeder,this can usually be administered at their first health checkappointment .

    The second puppy vaccination can be administered from 10weeks onwards and at least two weeks after your puppys first vaccination. Manybreeders will tell you that the 2nd vaccine needs to be exactly thesame brand as the first vaccine. However, this isnt always true, and mostbrands are now mutually compatible. Check with your vet if you are ever unsure.

    One week after your puppys second vaccination your pup is free to go on their first walk on the pavement, an adventure to the park and to socialise freely with other dogs.

    Afterwards, your dog will require yearly booster vaccinations to make sure your pup stays protected for life.

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