Healthy Infants And Children
One dose of Men-C-C vaccine is recommended in unimmunized children less than 5 years of age. One dose of Men-C-C vaccine may be considered for children 5 to 11 years of age if they have not previously been immunized as infants or toddlers. Immunization with 4CMenB vaccine or MenB-fHBP may be considered on an individual basis, depending on individual preferences, regional serogroup B epidemiology and strain susceptibility.
Simultaneous Administration With Other Vaccines
Men-C-C and 4CMenB vaccine may be administered concomitantly with routine childhood vaccines, and Men-C-ACYW vaccine may be administered concomitantly with adolescent and adult age appropriate vaccines. MenB-fHBP can be given concomitantly with quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine meningococcal serogroup A, C, Y, W conjugate vaccine and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed. The concomitant administration of MenB-fHBP has not been studied with other vaccines.
Men-C-ACYW-CRM can be administered with routine paediatric vaccines however, further studies are needed with regard to concomitant administration with pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine. Co-administration of Men-C-ACYW-CRM and combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine may result in a lower immune response to the pertussis antigens than when Tdap vaccine is given alone however, the clinical significance of this is unknown. Tdap vaccine given one month after Men-C-ACYW-CRM induces the strongest immunologic response to pertussis antigens.
If vaccines are to be administered concomitantly with another vaccine, a separate injection site and a different syringe must be used for each injection.
Refer to Timing of Vaccine Administration in Part 1 for additional general information.
How To Spot Meningococcal Disease
Symptoms of meningococcal disease can start like a bad case of flu but they get worse very quickly. Early treatment can be lifesaving.
Other symptoms of meningococcal disease can include:
- a headache
- cold hands and feet
- drowsiness or difficulty waking up
A rash may also appear that can develop into a purple, bruise-like rash that does not fade under pressure for instance, when gently pressing a glass against it .
If you, or a child or adult you know, has any of these symptoms, get urgent medical help. Do not wait for the rash to develop. Early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics are vital.
Although meningococcal disease commonly causes meningitis and septicaemia, which can trigger sepsis, it can also more rarely cause other illnesses. These include pneumonia and joint infections .
Find out more about meningitis.
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Required Vaccines For Students
|COVID-19||Two doses of the Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine or one dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine. Full effectiveness is on the 15th day after the last dose. UHS accepts non-US COVID-19 vaccines that are assessed and endorsed by the World Health Organization.|
|Measles, mumps, and rubella *||Two doses of the MMR vaccine or two doses of individual measles and mumps vaccines and one dose of rubella vaccine first dose of MMR or individual measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines on or after age 1ORtiter showing immunityORbirthdate prior to 1957|
|Varicella||Two doses first dose on or after age 1ORphysician documentation of diseaseORtiter showing immunity|
* A hold will be placed on the registration process of students who are not compliant with measles, mumps, and rubella requirements . For international students, the hold will be placed on registration prior to their first term at the University of Oregon. For domestic students who are US citizens, the hold will be placed on registration for their second term.
Bacterial Meningitis Requirements For Intensive English Language Institute Students
All new IELI students, including transfer students, must show evidence of receipt of initial bacterial meningitis vaccination dose or booster in the last five years and at least ten days prior to the first day of the term in which the student initially enrolls. This also applies to any IELI student returning to UNT after a break in enrollment for a fall or spring semester. This requirement does not apply to any student who will be twenty-two years of age or older on or prior to the first day of classes for the term in which they initially enroll.
View and download the Bacterial Meningitis Immunization form to attach with acceptable evidence of vaccination or have clinic staff complete the form at the time of vaccination.
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Are Students In College At Risk For Meningococcal Disease
In the 1990s, college freshmen living in residence halls were identified as being at increased risk for meningococcal disease. Meningococcal disease and outbreaks in young adults were primarily due to serogroup C. However, following many years of routine vaccination of young people with quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine , serogroup B is now the primary cause of meningococcal disease and outbreaks in young adults. Among the approximately 9 million students aged 18-21 years enrolled in college, there are an average of 20 cases and 2-4 outbreaks due to serogroup B reported annually.
Although incidence of serogroup B meningococcal disease in college students is low, college students aged 18-21 years are at increased risk compared to non-college students. The close contact in college residence halls, combined with certain behaviors , may put college students at increased risk.
Is there a vaccine against meningococcal disease?
Yes, there are 2 different meningococcal vaccines.
Bacterial Meningitis Requirement Deadlines
New students, returning students, and continuing students not enrolled for Spring 2022 and who are under 22 years of age as of the first class day for the session or term they wish to enroll, should provide proof of a bacterial meningitis vaccination or exemption no later than 5:00 PM on January 13, 2022, the last day of regular registration. Students will be allowed to enroll prior to submitting the documents. However, classes will be canceled after 5:00 PM on the last day of regular registration for any student who has not submitted the proper documentation. Students who receive a vaccination after the deadline must submit a request for extension with documentation of immunization to be considered for enrollment. A student will be allowed to enroll late only if the proper immunization form is filed with the appropriate UNT Department .
The last day to receive to submit a meningitis immunization record and enroll in classes without requesting an extension is June 3,2022, for Summer Sessions: 5Week1, 10Week1, 8Week2, and July 8, 2022, for 5W2.
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Meningitis Vaccination Requirements For Campus Housing
The university requires all students living on campus housing to be vaccinated against meningococcal meningitis. It is important that students understand the specifics of this disease, the factors that place this particular age group at an increased risk and disease prevention techniques.
- Meningococcal disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides. It is easily spread by person-to-person contact wherever large groups of people gather together such as college dormitories or residence halls.
- The bacteria are transmissible through respiratory and throat secretions during close or lengthy contact .
- Meningitis is a very serious illness caused by a meningococcal infection. It can be fatal. Permanent disabilities such as hearing loss and brain damage can also occur.
- Symptoms include sudden onset of fever, headache and stiff neck. Often, additional symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light and confusion or altered mental status occur. Typically symptoms develop within 3-7 days after exposure.
- Early diagnosis and treatment are very important. Vaccination is the best prevention technique.
- In addition to vaccination, the following techniques can reduce the risk of infection: maintaining healthy eating and sleeping habits washing your hands frequently avoiding close contact with people who are sick and understanding the signs and symptoms.
What Is The Meningitis Vaccine
Do you need a meningitis vaccine?
Schedule an appointment with your local Passport Health Travel Medicine Specialist
There are two types of meningitis vaccinations available in Canada. One protects against A, C, W and Y strains, the other against B strains.
Meningitis B vaccination is recommended for youth age 16 to 23. It provides short term protection against infection. It is also recommended as a routine vaccination for some individuals over the age of 10 if: there has been an outbreak of meningitis B, they have a damaged or removed spleen, certain immune conditions among other similar indications.
Immunization against meningitis A, C, W and Y is recommended or required for most preteens.
Both of these vaccinations are relatively new. Many individuals over the age of 30 may not have been vaccinated.
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Other Vaccines Against Meningococcal Disease
Several bacteria can cause meningitis and septicaemia, some of which can be prevented through vaccination.
The Hib/MenC vaccine is offered as part of the NHS vaccination programme to all babies after their 1st birthday.
The MenB vaccine is offered as part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme to all babies at 8 and 16 weeks, with a booster after their 1st birthday.
Page last reviewed: 2 April 2020 Next review due: 2 April 2023
You Are Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
- Pregnant women who are at increased risk for serogroup A, C, W, or Y meningococcal disease may get MenACWY vaccines.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women who are at increased risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease may get MenB vaccines. However, they should talk with a doctor to decide if the benefits of getting the vaccine outweigh the risks.
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What Are The Risks From Meningococcal Vaccines
Most people have mild side effects from the vaccine, such as redness or pain where the shot was given. A vaccine, like any medicine, may cause serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. This risk is extremely small. Getting the meningococcal vaccine is much safer than getting the disease.
You can learn more on the Vaccine Information Statements for meningococcal ACWY and meningococcal B.
What Are Neisseria Meningitidis
Neisseria meningitidis are bacteria that may be found normally in peoples throats and noses. About 5 to 15% of people carry these bacteria and do not get sick from them. These people may be referred to as colonized. Colonized people only have bacteria for a short time. Usually, the bacteria go away and these people may have increased resistance to infection in the future. In rare cases, the bacteria may get into the blood and go to the tissue surrounding the spinal cord and brain, causing severe illness. It is not known why this occurs in certain people and not in others. A recent upper respiratory illness may be a contributing factor.
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Why Teenagers And Students Should Have The Menacwy Vaccine
Meningococcal disease is a rare but life-threatening disease caused by meningococcal bacteria.
Older teenagers and new university students are at higher risk of infection because many of them mix closely with lots of new people, some of whom may unknowingly carry the meningococcal bacteria at the back of their nose and throat.
Anyone who is eligible for the MenACWY vaccine should have it, even if they have previously had the MenC vaccine.
The MenACWY vaccine is highly effective in preventing illness caused by the 4 meningococcal strains, including the extremely harmful MenW strain.
Shouldnt Meningococcal B Vaccine Be Required
CDCs Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has reviewed the available data regarding serogroup B meningococcal disease and the vaccines. At the current time, there is no routine recommendation and no statewide requirement for meningococcal B vaccination before going to college . As noted previously, adolescents and young adults may be vaccinated with a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine, preferably at 16 through 18 years of age, to provide short term protection against most strains of serogroup B meningococcal disease. This would be a decision between a healthcare provider and a patient. These policies may change as new information becomes available.
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Who Is At Most Risk For Meningococcal Disease
High-risk groups include anyone with a damaged spleen or whose spleen has been removed, those with persistent complement component deficiency , HIV infection, those traveling to countries where meningococcal disease is very common, microbiologists who routinely work with the bacteria and people who may have been exposed to meningococcal disease during an outbreak. People who live in certain settings such as college dormitories and military housing are also at greater risk of disease from some serotypes.
Problems That Could Happen After Getting Any Injected Vaccine
- People sometimes faint after medical procedures, including vaccination. Sitting or lying down for about 15 minutes can help prevent fainting, and injuries caused by a fall. Tell the provider if you or your child feel dizzy, have vision changes, or have ringing in the ears.
- As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a severe allergic reaction, other serious injury, or death.
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When To Submit Documentation
- Do not submit when you apply. Submit as soon as you are accepted/admitted and have decided to come to UT Austin.
- Submit at least two weeks before your intended registration date.
You cannot register for classes until UHS has received acceptable documentation proving you have satisfied applicable medical clearance requirements, even if you plan to register during a New Student Orientation session.
Where Does Meningitis Occur
Some regions are more likely to have meningitis due to environmental or other factors. These higher risk zones include:
- The Meningitis Belt This region of sub-Saharan Africa has more meningitis cases than most of the world. Three countries, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, and Niger, account for 65 percent of meningitis cases in Africa. In some communities in the belt, one percent of the population will contract meningitis during an outbreak. The countries in the belt are : Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea.
- Sub-Saharan Africa The rest of the region does have occasional outbreaks. Regions of note are Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- Hajj PilgrimageSaudi Arabia has seen some outbreaks during the pilgrimage. Proof of vaccination is required for entry into the country during this time.
In Canada, dorms, schools or other areas with long-term close contact are sites of infection. Many educational centers now require proof of meningitis vaccination for enrolling.
Meningitis vaccinations are available at all Passport Health clinics. Call or make your appointment online now to schedule your appointment today.
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How Much Time Do I Have To Comply With The Vaccination Requirements
- Newly admitted students should obtain the required vaccination or booster and documentation upon submitting your application.*
- Returning students should obtain the required vaccination or booster and submit documentation before they will be able to register for the semester.
*Proof of vaccination is not required to be considered for admission.
Who Should Get Meningococcal Vaccines
CDC recommends meningococcal vaccination for all preteens and teens. In certain situations, CDC also recommends other children and adults get meningococcal vaccines. Below is more information about which meningococcal vaccines, including booster shots, CDC recommends for people by age.
Talk to your or your childs doctor about what is best for your specific situation.
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Do College Students Need Mmr
In the U.S., almost everyone receives the CDC-recommended two doses of MMR, the vaccine against measles, mumps, and rubella, as young children. The MMR affords good protection against these diseases, and routine vaccination with a third dose of MMR isnt necessary for all students.
Still, there are some circumstances in which youll want your student to get a dose of MMR before he or she arrives on campus. If for some reason your child didnt receive MMR vaccination at a young age, they should have two doses, separated by 28 days.
Heres why: Although most recent measles outbreaks havent been on college campuses, they are considered high-risk settings. Mumps is sometimes a concern for college students as well. Between 2015 and 2017, two large outbreaks at universities in Iowa and Illinois caused several hundred students to get sick.
The CDC usually recommends that people in communities with an active mumps outbreak receive an additional dose of MMR. A 2017 study in the New England Journal of Medicine found that a mumps booster in an outbreak significantly reduced the risk of infection. For measles outbreaks, the CDC recommends people who arent adequately vaccinated catch up, but people generally dont need an extra dose of MMR if they’re already immune to measles.
Editor’s Note: Catherine Roberts contributed reporting to this story.
Meningitis B Vaccine Now Required By Six More Indiana Universities
May 31, 2019 / 04:29 PM EDT
May 31, 2019 / 04:29 PM EDT
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Six universities across Indiana have added the meningitis B vaccine to their list of health requirements for incoming students.
Officials say Butler University, Earlham College, Marian University, Valparaiso University, St. Mary of the Woods College and University of Evansville added the new requirement after 11 confirmed cases of meningitis B across the country, including one fatality.
We have an opportunity at the university level to ensure the best health of our students while they are on our campus and under our care, said Dr. Maria Fletcher, MD, Physician Health Services at Butler University.
Traditionally, students have received the meningococcal conjugate vaccination, which covers strains A, C, W and Y. However, this vaccine does not protect them from the B strain of meningitis.
Ball State, Indiana State, Purdue, University of Indianapolis, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and others have previously required the meningitis B vaccine.
Currently Indiana has more universities than any other state that require the meningitis B vaccination in addition to the conjugate for all their students, said Lisa Robertson, Executive Director of the Indiana Immunization Coalition.
More information about meningitis B can be found at www.bewareofb.com.
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