Thursday, March 23, 2023

What Vaccine Phase Are We In

Johnson & Johnsons Janssen Covid

How long could it take for everyone in the new vaccine phase to get doses?

On April 23, 2021, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the U.S. Food and Drug Administration , and the Illinois Department of Public Health lifted the pause on the use of the Johnson & Johnson/ Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine in the United States and Illinois. On April 13, 2021, after six cases of an extremely rare but severe type of blood clot associated with low platelet counts were reported in women who had received the J& J vaccine, the CDC and FDA paused use of the vaccine. This pause allowed the CDCs Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices to conduct an extensive review of what they ultimately found to be 15 cases, as well as inform providers and clinicians about the potential adverse events and how they can be recognized and treated.

The pause was proof that the extensive safety monitoring system is working and was able to detect a very small number of adverse events. The FDA has concluded that the known and potential benefits of the J& J vaccine outweigh its known and potential risks.

People who have received theJ& J COVID-19 Vaccinewithin the past three weeks who develop severe headache, abdominal pain, leg pain, or shortness of breath should seek medical care right away.

Safe Convenient And Equitable Access

The number of vaccination sites across the country will match expected vaccine supply. The capacity and mix of sites must also ensure safe, convenient and equitable access to vaccination in the order of JCVI cohort prioritisation. This requires the right clinical protocols, invitation and booking systems and clear public communication.

Vaccinations will be offered at:

Larger vaccination centres

A new approach in the NHS, these are large-scale venues, with higher throughput, using re-purposed venues, including sports stadiums, theatres, and hotels, located within communities to vaccinate large numbers of people. People will be offered an invitation and can book a slot that suits them using the National Booking Service.

Hospital hubs

These are based at NHS trusts, including acute, community mental health and ambulance trusts. They are targeting our health and care workers and will work closely with local authorities, local resilience forums and providers to coordinate rapid vaccination of the workforce. They are also excellent locations for initial deployment of new vaccines, so that all clinical safety issues can be identified and managed before wider roll-out. This has been the approach taken with the launch of the Pfizer/BioNTech and the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccines.

Local vaccination services

All models have the required PPE and social distancing space to ensure that they are COVID-secure.

Figure 4: overview of delivery models

The first 7 sites are:

Major Button said:

Q I Have Allergies Is This Vaccine Safe For Me

A. While serious allergic reactions were not seen in vaccine clinical trials of thousands of patients, rare allergic reactions to vaccines are possible. If you have a history of serious allergic reactions, you should discuss your situation with your healthcare provider. The COVID-19 vaccine does not contain any animal products such as eggs.

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What Hasn’t Changed If I Have Been Fully Vaccinated

  • You should still take steps to protect yourself and others in many situations, like wearing a mask, staying at least 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces. Take these precautions whenever you are:
  • In public
  • Gathering with unvaccinated people from more than one other household
  • Visiting with an unvaccinated person who is at increased risk of severe illness or death from COVID-19 or who lives with a person at increased risk
  • You should still avoid medium or large-sized gatherings.
  • You should still delay domestic and international travel. If you do travel, youll still need to follow CDC requirements and recommendations.
  • You should still watch out for symptoms of COVID-19, especially if youve been around someone who is sick. If you have symptoms of COVID-19, you should get tested and stay home and away from others.
  • You will still need to follow guidance at your workplace.
  • Bringing The Vaccine To Care Home Residents And Care Staff

    Covid vaccine phase 2 trials begin in India

    There is clear evidence that those living in residential care homes for older adults have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 as they have had a high risk of exposure to infection and are at higher clinical risk of severe disease and mortality. Given the increased risk of outbreaks, morbidity and mortality in these closed settings, these adults are considered to be at very high risk. The JCVIs advice is that this group should be the highest priority for vaccination. Vaccination of residents and staff at the same time is considered to be a highly efficient strategy.

    Since December, we have been taking vaccines directly to care homes. This is a joint effort between the care homes and the primary care network vaccinating teams. Not only has this provided protection from COVID-19, the vaccine has brought a huge lift in mental wellbeing for care home staff, residents and their relatives. Recognising that care home managers know their residents best, local vaccinating teams are working closely with care home managers. This has supported the consent process and helped with understanding practicalities . Packing down the vaccine into allocations of 75 doses has enabled efficient use in large care homes with over 50 beds.

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    Testing The Vaccine In People

    When the company/researcher is ready to begin studies in humans, they compile the results of their laboratory and other preclinical testing, as well as information pertaining to the manufacturing technology and the quality of the vaccine and submit these to FDA in the form of an Investigational New Drug application . FDA evaluation includes an assessment of the preclinical data and a determination whether these tests were conducted according to Good Laboratory Practices. FDA also conducts an assessment of the product, its quality and safety, and the technology to manufacture it, to determine whether it is reasonably safe for testing of the vaccine to move forward in people. Studies conducted in people are known as the Clinical Development stage and typically cover three phases under the oversight of FDA.

    Clinical trials are conducted according to plans that reflect FDAs considerable expertise in clinical trial design these plans are called protocols. Vaccines intended for children are generally tested first in adults, with a step-down clinical development program to children and infants.

    The phases of the studies may progress sequentially, but it is also not uncommon for the phases of development to overlap.

    Have You Been Fully Vaccinated

    People are considered fully vaccinated:

    • 2 weeks after their second dose in a 2-dose series, such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines
    • 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as Johnson & Johnsons Janssen vaccine

    If it has been less than 2 weeks since your 1-dose shot, or if you still need to get your second dose of a 2-dose vaccine, you are NOT fully protected. Keep taking all prevention steps until you are fully vaccinated.

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    Phase 1b: Older Individuals People With Underlying Health Conditions Other Congregate Settings Child Care Workers And Employees Of Preschools And Kindergarten Through 12th Grade

    Phase 1B :

    • Persons age 75 and older
    • Persons age 65 74 with two or more high-risk medical conditions
    • Staff and persons living in other congregate settings
    • Persons age 65 and older with one or more high-risk medical conditions
    • Persons age 65 and older with or without high-risk medical conditions
    • Persons with two or more high-risk medical conditions * regardless of age
    • Child care workers
    • Workers employed by preschools or Kindergarten through 12th grade:
    • Teachers, nutritional services, aides, bus drivers, principals, administrative staff, custodians, etc.

    *Click on the link at the bottom of the page for detailed information on priority groups*

    Ceo Says It’s The 1st Time A Coronavirus Vaccine Designed And Manufactured In Canada Has Begun Clinical Trials

    Singapore, Arcturus see ‘good response’ in first trial phase of Lunar-Cov19 vaccine

    A made-in-Canada vaccine to protect against COVID-19 began human clinical trials Tuesday in Toronto, says the biotechnology company that developed the vaccine.

    Providence Therapeutics said three shots will be given to 60 adult volunteers at a clinical trial site in Toronto in the first phase of the trial on Tuesday.

    Fifteen of those volunteers will receive a placebo, and 45 will get the vaccine, called PTX-COVID19-B.

    Brad Sorenson, the company’s CEO, said it’s the first time a vaccine designed and manufactured in Canada has begun clinical trials. The company has purchased a site in Calgary to mass produce the vaccine.

    Vaccines are designed to trigger an immune response in the body. Providence’s product is an mRNA vaccine and is similar to the Moderna coronavirus shot being given to people across Canada.

    Quebec-based pharmaceutical Medicago began clinical trials last July of its coronavirus vaccine that is based on another technology. Unlike Providence, a large portion of Medicago’s vaccine doses will be manufactured outside the country, in North Carolina.

    Medicago’s vaccine is currently in Phase 3 clinical trials the last stage before it can apply for approval from Health Canada and other regulators to market the product.

    Sorenson said Providence designed and built its vaccine last March.

    “We went from concept into the clinic in under a year without the same level of support as our peers had.”

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    Pharmacy Partnership For Long

    New York has opted into the federal government’s Pharmacy Partnership for Long-Term Care Program for COVID-19 vaccination. Under the federal program, employees of CVS, Walgreens and other select pharmacies will vaccinate residents and staff in long-term care facilities including nursing homes, much like the do for the flu vaccine.

    The program began on December 21, 2020. New York has dedicated doses from our initial allotments to this program and will dedicate future allotments to help complete the program and ensure all residents and staff at long-term care facilities are vaccinated. There are approximately 600 nursing homes across the state that are participating in the program.

    Next Section


    Q Besides Health Care Workers Who Will Be Able To Administer The Vaccine

    A. Dentists, pharmacists, and pharmacy technicians have had their scope of practice extended by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation to allow them to administer the COVID-19 vaccine. IDPH has authorized Emergency Medical Technicians Intermediate and Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians to administer the COVID-19 and influenza vaccines after successful completion of an IDPH approved vaccine training program.

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    Q: Can I Get More Than One Vaccine

    A: Current CDC guidance states that the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and J& J vaccines should not be mixed for the primary series. While, CDCs clinical guidance advises people to get the same booster as their initial vaccine, it allows people to mix and match if they have a different preference for a booster. Mixing and matching COVID-19 vaccines refers to getting a different COVID-19 booster than the initial vaccine . People who are eligible can get a booster shot with any available COVID-19 vaccine, regardless of whether they received the J& J, Moderna, or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for their initial dose.

    Boost Protection With A Third Dose

    3rd phase of COVID

    Vaccine effectiveness against infection may decline over time especially with the highly transmissible Omicron variant but they remain the best way to prevent severe illness and death. Third doses can boost immunity to improve protection and limit spread.

    Everyone 18 and older can get a third dose 5 months after their second dose.

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    Dosing Strategy For Phase : Protecting The Greatest Number Of At

    Underpinned by publicly available scientific data (set out in the annex: scientific evidence underpinning decisions on vaccination programme, the JCVI announced on 30 December 2020 that the first dose of either Pfizer/BioNTech or Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine provides substantial protection within 2 to 3 weeks of vaccination for clinical disease, and in particular in preventing severe COVID-19 disease. The second vaccine dose is likely to be very important for duration and sustaining such protection, and at an appropriate dose interval may further increase vaccine efficacy. In the short term, the additional impact of the second dose is likely to be modest and most of the initial protection from clinical disease is after the first dose of vaccine.

    In their letter to the profession, the 4 UK Chief Medical Officers agreed with JCVI that at this stage of the pandemic prioritising the first doses of vaccine for as many people as possible on the priority list will protect the greatest number of at risk people overall in the shortest possible time and will have the greatest impact on reducing mortality, severe disease and hospitalisations and in protecting the NHS and equivalent health services.

    A Vaccine Made From Coronaviruses

    BBIBP-CorV works by teaching the immune system to make antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. The antibodies attach to viral proteins, such as the so-called spike proteins that stud its surface.




    The researchers then drew off the inactivated viruses and mixed them with a tiny amount of an aluminum-based compound called an adjuvant. Adjuvants stimulate the immune system to boost its response to a vaccine.

    Inactivated viruses have been used for over a century. Jonas Salk used them to create his polio vaccine in the 1950s, and theyre the bases for vaccines against other diseases including rabies and hepatitis A.

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    The 5 Stages Of Covid

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    ohnson & Johnson is known for its longstanding commitment to fighting emerging epidemics around the world.

    In July, the company’s Ebola vaccine was granted Marketing Authorization by the European Commission. Company scientists are also actively researching vaccine candidates for HIV and RSV.

    So it should come as no surprise that since the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, the company has been working closely with industry partners, governments, universities and health authorities to develop a preventive vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

    It can take up to a decade to go from vaccine discovery and development to approval, but scientists at the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson are aiming to get it done in a much shorter time frame. The ultimate goal: supply a safe, effective vaccine in 2021.

    So what exactly does it take to create a vaccine?

    Throughout this pandemic, you’ve likely heard terms like Phase 1-2a trial and FDA approval, but what do these really meanand at what point do they happen?

    Virginia Is Now In Phase 2

    COVID-19 vaccine enters phase three in the Twin Tiers

    Everyone, 16 and older, who lives in Virginia is eligible to the COVID-19 vaccine!

    Where do I sign up for a vaccine?

    Find a vaccine appointment today.


    VaccineFinder is a website where you can search for vaccination providers, operated by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .

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    Which Vaccine Is Authorized For Kids

    Pfizers vaccine is authorized for children age 5 and older. Its one-third the dose for those 12 and older and is given in two shots, three weeks apart, according to CDC recommendations. Doses for kids are available at doctors offices and certain retail pharmacies. Call your doctor or check pharmacy websites. Both Pfizer and Moderna are researching how their vaccines work in children as young as 6 months.

    Q: Is It Possible To Compare The Effectiveness Of The Three Covid

    A: No. The only way to accurately compare the effectiveness of vaccines is by direct comparison in head-to-head clinical trials, which did not occur for these vaccines. Furthermore, the clinical trials for these vaccines occurred in different geographic regions and at different points in time with varying incidence of COVID-19.

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    Where Can I Get A Vaccine Or Booster

    • Pharmacies, health clinics and medical providers. Use the state’s vaccine registration portal or contact your local health department to get a vaccine or booster appointment. Register for a CVS appointment including at some Target stores with CVS pharmacies inside online or by calling 800-746-7287. Or use the Walgreens, Walmart or Albertsons websites to schedule an appointment. Note that some pharmacy websites require you to answer questions about your vaccination status before presenting the option for a booster. Many sites let you book appointments for the specific brand of vaccine or booster you prefer, based on availability. Some providers are offering vaccines and boosters to walk-ins, no appointment necessary.
    • The federal governments vaccines website,, lets you search for vaccine and booster sites by zip code, with links to appointments. Get the same information by texting your zip code to 438829 or by calling 800-232-0233 . California’s COVID-19 dashboard tracks how many people have been vaccinated in the state.
    • Many transit agencies are offering free or discounted rides to and from vaccination sites.

    What We Know And What Were Still Learning

    Australian coronavirus vaccine clears first phase of human ...
    • We know that COVID-19 vaccines are effective at preventing COVID-19 disease, especially severe illness and death.
    • Were still learning how effective the vaccines are against variants of the virus that causes COVID-19. Early data show the vaccines may work against some variants but could be less effective against others.
  • We know that other prevention steps help stop the spread of COVID-19, and that these steps are still important, even as vaccines are being distributed.
  • Were still learning how well COVID-19 vaccines keep people from spreading the disease.
  • Early data show that the vaccines may help keep people from spreading COVID-19, but we are learning more as more people get vaccinated.
  • Were still learning how long COVID-19 vaccines can protect people.
  • As we know more, CDC will continue to update our recommendations for both vaccinated and unvaccinated people.
  • The Effectiveness of Vaccines

    COVID-19 vaccines are effective at protecting you from getting sick. Based on what we know about COVID-19 vaccines, people who have been fully vaccinated can start to do some things that they had stopped doing because of the pandemic.

    Were still learning how vaccines will affect the spread of COVID-19. After youve been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, you should keep taking precautions in public places like wearing a mask, staying 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces until we know more.

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