Thursday, March 23, 2023

What Vaccines Are Given To Children

Meningococcal Serogroup A C W Y Vaccination

Expired Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines given to 70 children in Prince George’s County

Routine vaccination

  • 2-dose series at 1112 years, 16 years

Catch-up vaccination

  • Age 1315 years: 1 dose now and booster at age 1618 years
  • Age 1618 years: 1 dose

Special situations

Anatomic or functional asplenia , HIV infection, persistent complement component deficiency, complement inhibitor use:

  • Menveo
  • Dose 1 at age 8 weeks: 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, 12 months
  • Dose 1 at age 36 months: 3- or 4- dose series
  • Dose 1 at age 723 months: 2-dose series
  • Dose 1 at age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Menactra
  • Persistent complement component deficiency or complement inhibitor use:
  • Age 923 months: 2-dose series at least 12 weeks apart
  • Age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Anatomic or functional asplenia, sickle cell disease, or HIV infection:
  • Age 923 months: Not recommended
  • Age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Menactra must be administered at least 4 weeks after completion of PCV13 series.
  • MenQuadfi
  • Dose 1 at age 24 months or older: 2-dose series at least 8 weeks apart
  • Travel in countries with hyperendemic or epidemic meningococcal disease, including countries in the African meningitis belt or during the Hajj

    • Children age less than 24 months:
    • Menveo
    • Dose 1 at age 8 weeks: 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, 12 months
    • Dose 1 at age 36 months: 3- or 4- dose series
    • Dose 1 at age 723 months: 2-dose series
  • Menactra
  • 2-dose series
  • Children age 2 years or older: 1 dose Menveo, Menactra, or MenQuadfi
  • How New Incentives Works

    New Incentives runs a conditional cash transfer program in North West Nigeria that disburses cash incentives to caregivers conditional on infants receiving four vaccines: BCG , PENTA , PCV , and MCV . These vaccinations are part of the routine schedule for infant immunizations in Nigeria and are provided at no cost to the caregiver through government-supported clinics .

    The New Incentives program trains field staff to attend immunization days at health clinics, disburse cash transfers after verifying that a vaccination was given, monitor clinics to ensure that vaccines are in stock and not expired, and provide photographic monitoring that cash transfers are given in the correct amount to parents whose infants have received a vaccine. The cash transfers are in the amount of 500 naira for each of the first four vaccine visits and 2,000 naira for a fifth visit for the measles vaccine . In other words, caregivers can receive up to 4,000 Naira if the infant receives all doses in the routine immunization schedule over the course of five clinic visits .

    What makes New Incentives so effective

    On average, the total cost to immunize one child through the New Incentives program is US$47. Excluding vaccinationrelated costs paid for by the Nigerian government and Gavi, the total cost is US$38 .

    Review Promised After Children Were Given Covid Vaccine Overdoses

    A “proper review” is to be carried out into an error which involved a small number of children being given an overdose of a coronavirus vaccine, Nicola Sturgeon has said.

    The first minister said the error involved children in the NHS Lanarkshire area.

    She told MSPs it was quickly identified and was not harmful.

    The newspaper said one child had fallen ill afterwards.

    Scottish Labour MSP Jackie Baillie asked Ms Sturgeon about the incidents in the Scottish Parliament on Tuesday.

    She said she had also heard from a mother whose 11-year-old daughter had been given the wrong dosage in NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde.

    “Given the unfortunate side effects experienced by these children, and to ensure confidence in the vaccination programme, which is so important, will the first minister order an urgent review of the administration of vaccines to children and, at least, ensure that the different doses for children and adults are colour-coded to avoid future error?” she asked.

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    What Can Happen When A Child Isnt Immunised

    Due to the high number of children receiving vaccinations in Northern Ireland over the past couple of decades, many serious childhood infectious diseases have disappeared altogether, like diphtheria, polio or tetanus or been dramatically reduced, such as measles and whooping cough.

    In some countries it is more difficult to receive vaccines and as a result more people die from infectious diseases every year.

    Unless vaccine uptake remains high in Northern Ireland, many of these serious infectious diseases will return from parts of the world where they still occur. If this happens, then children living in Northern Ireland that are not vaccinated will be at risk of these infections, their complications and even death.

    When Can Babies And Children Under 5 Get The Vaccine

    Flu Vaccination Practices of Children with Neurologic and ...

    Once Pfizer and BioNTech submit additional information to the FDA, a committee of experts that gathers to discuss safety and effectiveness data and vote on whether or not the FDA should authorize a vaccine will meet. The agency will provide an update on timing for the meeting on the vaccine for kids under 5 once they receive more data, FDA Commissioner Dr. Janet Woodcock and Dr. Peter Marks, director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research said in a statement Friday.

    “This will give the agency time to consider the additional data, allowing for a transparent public discussion as part of our usual scientific and regulatory processes for COVID-19 vaccines,” the doctors said.

    The advisory committee’s meetings are open to the public.

    If the FDA does authorize Pfizer’s vaccine for children as young as 6 months old, the CDC typically goes through the same process: An outside panel of health experts will discuss the benefits and risks of recommending the vaccine to children under 5 years old. If they vote to recommend Pfizer’s vaccine for the younger age group, the CDC’s director will likely accept the panel’s decision and the small doses of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine for kids will become available in pediatricians’ offices or other clinics.

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    Help Protect Your Child Your Family And Others

    Getting a COVID-19 vaccine can help protect children ages 5 years and older from getting COVID-19.

    • Vaccinating children can help protect family members, including siblings who are not eligible for vaccination and family members who may be at increased risk of getting very sick if they are infected.
    • Vaccination can also help keep children from getting seriously sick even if they do get COVID-19.
    • Vaccinating children ages 5 years and older can help keep them in school and help them safely participate in sports, playdates, and other group activities.

    Help protect your whole family and slow the spread of COVID-19 in your community by getting yourself and your children ages 5 years and older vaccinated against COVID-19.

    Protect Unvaccinated ChildrenUnvaccinated children ages 2 years and older should wear a mask in public spaces and around people they dont live with. Learn more about protecting unvaccinated family members.

    Denmark Aims To End Covid Vaccine Campaign Won’t Give Boosters To Children

    Denmark is considering scaling back the country’s vaccination program in the coming months, and health authorities also say they see no reason to give children booster shots as the latest coronavirus surge begins to subside.

    The Danish Health Authority said Friday the reason for dialing back the program was that Europe’s third infection wave from the fast-spreading Omicron variant has subsided “due to the large population immunity.” The agency said in a statement it is looking at “winding down the entire general vaccination program later in the spring,” the Associated Press reported.

    As virus infection rates were soaring last year in Europe when the Delta variant was the dominant strain, Danish health authorities were concerned that children could infect adults. So this past November the country expanded its vaccination program to include children between 5 and 11. Authorities also considered a booster shot for children, as well as a fourth shot for older adults and other vulnerable citizens amid last month’s Omicron wave.

    But on Friday, the health authorities said that there was no need for children to get a booster shot and that they “plan to round off the current vaccination program for all target groups, including the program for children aged 5-11.”

    The authorities also said the fourth shot would no longer be necessary because adults with three shots had high protection, including people over 85 and residents of nursing homes.

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    Pfizer Postpones Request To Give Covid Vaccines To Kids Under 5

    Reporter, HuffPost

    Pfizer-BioNTech has postponed its request that the Food and Drug Administration approve its COVID-19 vaccine for children under 5, saying it wants to wait for data on a third dose in that age group before proceeding.

    Data has shown that the companys two-dose regimen triggers a strong immune response in children under 2, but that the effects arent as strong in kids between the ages of 2 and 5. Pfizer-BioNTech initially said it would seek approval for the two-dose regimen while it continued to research whether a third shot could help kids older than 2.

    But the company said Friday that its more practical to request approval for all three doses at once.

    Given that the study is advancing at a rapid pace, the companies will wait for the three-dose data as Pfizer and BioNTech continue to believe it may provide a higher level of protection in this age group, the company said, adding that it expects the data on a third dose in early April.

    The vaccine maker believes a three-dose regimen will prove be the most effective for children in the proposed age group, which would start at 6 months of age.

    This is also supported by recent observations of three dose booster data in several other age groups that seems to meaningfully augment neutralizing antibody levels and real world vaccine protection for omicron compared to the two-dose regimen, Pfizer-BioNTech said in its statement.

    How Is Pfizer’s Child Vaccine For Young Kids Different

    COVID-19 Vaccine Given OK For Kids 5-11

    Pfizer and BioNTech’s vaccine for children 6 months through 4 years comes in two doses that are one-tenth the volume of the vaccine for people age 12 and up. A third 3-microgram dose is being researched right now is expected to complete the series.

    The vaccine for kids 5 to 11 is one-third the dose given to everyone 12 and up, and it’s delivered in two doses. Pfizer’s vaccine for kids can also be stored for up to 10 weeks in a fridge, making it easier to administer, and the cap on the vial is orange instead of purple and gray to avoid mix-ups.

    And if it helps to put your kids at ease, the needle used to administer the child’s dose of vaccine is also smaller.

    For more information about Pfizer’s vaccine for children ages 5 to 11, check out this fact sheet from the FDA.

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    When Will A Vaccine Be Available In Canada

    Pediatricians hope that we could see a vaccine for this younger age group by the summer.

    But that all depends on when and if Health Canada approves a vaccine for kids under five.

    As of Wednesday, Health Canada has received no applications for a COVID-19 vaccine in children under five years old.

    A spokesperson for Pfizer Canada said it’s in ongoing discussions with Health Canada about a vaccine for this age group but couldn’t provide a timeline as to when it plans to apply.

    Dalhousie’s MacDonald said she expects the vaccine will be approved for use much quicker than those for older people because the data on its effectiveness in other age groups already exists.

    “Now they’re going to look at all of that carefully, but it’s not a truckload of data like it would be if we were starting with a brand new vaccine first out the gate,” she said.

    What To Do If You Move

    If you move to another province or territory, your child’s vaccination schedule may change. Once you have moved, contact your new health care provider or local public health office. They will tell you which vaccines may be needed in that province or territory.

    Remember to take your child’s vaccination record to the appointment with you.

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    Measles Mumps And Rubella Vaccination

    Routine vaccination

    • 2-dose series at 1215 months, 46 years
    • Dose 2 may be administered as early as 4 weeks after dose 1.

    Catch-up vaccination

    • Unvaccinated children and adolescents: 2-dose series at least 4 weeks apart
    • The maximum age for use of MMRV is 12 years.

    Special situations

    International travel

    • Infants age 611 months: 1 dose before departure revaccinate with 2-dose series at age 1215 months and dose 2 as early as 4 weeks later.
    • Unvaccinated children age 12 months or older: 2-dose series at least 4 weeks apart before departure

    Vaccine Development: Vaccines Approved For Use And In Clinical Trials

    Majority of Americans think childhood vaccines are safe ...

    The speed at which the first COVID-19 vaccines were developed was extraordinary. We have previously looked into the history of vaccine development. The measles vaccine was found relatively rapidly: it took only 10 years from the discovery of the pathogen to the development of the first vaccine. But for typhoid it took more than a century, and for some diseases for which weve known the pathogens for more than a century we still havent found an effective vaccine.

    The development of a vaccine against COVID-19 has been much faster than the development of any other vaccine. Within less than a year several successful vaccines have already been announced and were approved for use in some countries.

    The hope is that even more manufacturers develop vaccines for COVID-19. This will be important because eventually a very large share of the world population needs to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

    We are on the way to several vaccines against COVID-19 vaccine trackers monitor the progress:

    Several institutions maintain websites on which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed:

    Oxford/AstraZeneca, Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinovac, Sputnik V

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    How Can I Minimize The Pain

    Needles can hurt. To lessen the pain you can:

    • Apply a topical anesthetic an hour before getting the needle. You may have to confirm with your doctor what part of your childs body the shot will be given . Your pharmacist can help you find the cream.
    • Nurse your baby while they get the needle, or give your baby sugar water just before the shot.
    • Use distractions , suggest deep breathing, remain calm and physically comfort your child during the needle.

    Do not give your child ibuprofen or acetaminophen before or around the time of vaccination as it does not prevent the pain of injection and it could have an impact on how well the vaccine works. These medications can be used to treat fever, pain, or other bothersome side effects if they develop after vaccination.

    For tips on how to make vaccines as pain-free as possible:


  • In some provinces, children get a 5 in 1 vaccine and will receive hepatitis B as a separate vaccine, either in infancy or early adolescence.
  • In other provinces, children receive a 6 in 1 vaccine, which protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis , poliomyelitis , Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis B. Your doctor will tell you which vaccine is used in your province or territory. Your child will need 2 or 3 doses depending on the vaccine. Doses are given at least 4 weeks apart.
  • In some jurisdictions, a dose is also given at 6 months. The booster may be given at 12 to 15 months of age.
  • A second dose is given 6 to 12 months after the first.
  • The Solution: Conditional Cash Transfers

    Conditional cash transfer programmes give money to low-income households in return for fulfilling specific behavioral conditions. These conditions include, for example, childrens school attendance, up-to-date vaccinations or regular visits to a health care facility by pregnant women. CCTs have a direct effect on poverty by providing an immediate additional income for the poor, who can make their own choices as to how to spend or save this money.

    New Incentives is a pioneer in a growing movement committed to providing small incentives to caregivers whose infants get immunized while also increasing awareness of the overall health benefits of childhood vaccinations. They offer cash transfers to caregivers who vaccinate their infants after verifying that their infant has gotten the latest vaccinations. New Incentives distributes a total of around US$11 for each infant enough to cover transport, medicine, and food for their families across five separate cash transfers .

    What can you help New Incentives achieve? Enter a donation amount below to find out.

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    The Vaccine Everyone Was Waiting For Polio Vaccine

    Parents were scared of the polio epidemics that occurred each summer they kept their children away from swimming pools, sent them to stay with relatives in the country, and clamored for an understanding of the spread of polio. They waited for a vaccine, closely following vaccine trials and sending dimes to the White House to help the cause. When the polio vaccine was licensed in 1955, the country celebrated, and Jonas Salk, its inventor, became an overnight hero.

    Late 1950s | Recommended Vaccines

    * Given in combination as DTP

    Govt To Buy Pfizer Vaccine Shots For Children Aged 5

    70 PG County children given expired COVID-19 vaccines

    KUALA LUMPUR: The wait-and-see stance taken by many parents on the vaccination of children aged between five and 11 will undermine the governments goal of ensuring that 80% of children in that age group receive the first dose within a year and 60% complete both doses within six months.

    Feedback from parents on the Health Ministrys official Facebook account shows that many parents are still reluctant to register their young children for the Covid-19 vaccine over fears of its purported side effects. They are also alleging that their children are being treated as laboratory mice and are too young to receive the vaccine.

    Sarawak Deputy Chief Minister Amar Douglas Uggah Embas was quoted as saying recently that 15% of 40,000 respondents in the state who participated in a survey last month were not in favour of the National Immunisation Programme for Children – which kicked off on Feb 3 – as they were worried about the complications that may arise and also the safety of the vaccine.

    Health and medical experts, however, say their fears are unfounded, pointing out that most parents, whose concerns are only focused on the vaccine itself, are not seeing the immunisation drive as part of efforts to prevent Covid-19 infections that can lead to hospitalisation and even death.

    Based on existing data of the vaccines history, most of the adverse side effects occurred within the first six weeks after receiving the shot, and negative long-term effects are often absent.

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