Monday, September 25, 2023

What Vaccines Are Required At Birth

When Should A Child Not Be Vaccinated

Coronavirus Q& A: Stillbirths are not connected to vaccine

In a few cases, it’s better to wait to get a vaccine. Some children who are very sick should not get a vaccine at all. Reasons that you should wait or not get a vaccine may include:

  • Being sick with something more serious than a cold.
  • Having a bad reaction after the first dose of a vaccine.
  • Having a convulsion that is thought to be caused by a vaccine.

A Lawsuit Filed By Texas Governor Reveals That Many Of The States Army National Guard Refused Vaccines

A lawsuit filed by Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas on Tuesday challenging the Biden administrations military vaccine mandate revealed that thousands of members of the Texas Army National Guard had refused to receive Covid vaccinations.

The suit, filed in U.S. District Court for the Eastern Division of Texas, seeks to prevent unvaccinated National Guard members from being penalized or discharged. It comes as Mr. Abbott has called up thousands of members of the Texas Military Department, which includes the National Guard, to join in border security operations.

The filing notes that about 40 percent of the states Army National Guard have not been vaccinated for either religious accommodation needs or otherwise.

No indication of the size of that force is evident on the Texas Army National Guards website, but Stars & Stripes, the newspaper of the U.S. armed forces, said that a 2018 Texas Military Department report put the number at about 18,160. Forty percent of that would be more than 7,000 people.

The suit indicated that less than 10 percent of the Texas Air National Guard were unvaccinated. It said that more than 220 members had declined to be vaccinated in a force that the 2018 report put at more than 3,000.

The suit was the latest effort by a Republican-led state government to prevent the federal mandate for their National Guards, arguing that it impinges on their command over state troops.


The Vaccine Everyone Was Waiting For Polio Vaccine

Parents were scared of the polio epidemics that occurred each summer they kept their children away from swimming pools, sent them to stay with relatives in the country, and clamored for an understanding of the spread of polio. They waited for a vaccine, closely following vaccine trials and sending dimes to the White House to help the cause. When the polio vaccine was licensed in 1955, the country celebrated, and Jonas Salk, its inventor, became an overnight hero.

Late 1950s | Recommended Vaccines

* Given in combination as DTP

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When Should My Child Get Immunized

Children should get immunized during their first two years of life. Your child may need several doses of the vaccines to be fully protected. For example, healthcare providers recommend that children receive their first dose of MMR vaccination at 12 months of age or older and a second dose prior to elementary school entry . Children can get the vaccines at regularly scheduled well visits.

Recommended age at which the vaccines should be received and type of vaccine*

  • Birth
  • DTaP – Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis
  • IVP – Inactivated Polio vaccine
  • HIB – Haemophilus influenza Type B
  • Rotavirus vaccine
  • 4 to 6 years of age
  • Vaccine
  • 11 years of age to adult
  • Vaccine
  • Meningococcal vaccine
  • HPV
  • *Certain vaccines can be given within a range of ages. This chart represents one recommended schedule. Your child’s pediatrician may follow different guidelines. Please consult with your child’s pediatrician for specific recommendations.

    **The influenza vaccine is given annually. The initial dose can be given as early as 6 months of age.

    Seth Meyers Tests Positive For The Virus And Cancels This Weeks Late Night Shows

    Immunization Schedule Resources for Parents

    Seth Meyers, the host of NBCs Late Night, said Tuesday that he had tested positive for the coronavirus and that tapings of his program would be canceled through the end of the week.

    In a tweet posted Tuesday morning, Mr. Meyers wrote, The bad news is, I tested positive for COVID the good news is, I feel fine

    He indicated that Late Night would probably return in a remote format next week, asking viewers to tune in next Monday to see what cool location we will try and pass off as a studio!!!

    The bad news is, I tested positive for COVID the good news is, I feel fine We are canceling the rest of the shows this week, so tune in next Monday to see what cool location we will try and pass off as a studio!!!

    Seth Meyers

    Mr. Meyers, a Saturday Night Live alumnus, had just returned to Late Night on Monday after a holiday break, in a broadcast that featured a live studio audience and guests who appeared in remote interviews.

    Late Night is one of several NBC programs produced at the networks flagship New York headquarters at 30 Rockefeller Plaza, along with S.N.L. and The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.

    Mr. Fallon, the Tonight Show host, said that he had tested positive for the virus over the holidays and that he experienced mild symptoms while his program was on a scheduled break. He returned to host Tonight on Monday.

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    Diphtheria Tetanus And Pertussis

    These vaccines have been given in combination since the late 1940s. The version used for babies is referred to as DTaP. It made sense to put these vaccines together, reducing three shots to one, because they are made in the same way, and they protect against these diseases in a similar way.

    Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis are each caused by bacteria that make people sick by producing harmful proteins, called toxins. These toxins act like poisons, causing illness. By using inactivated toxins, called toxoids, as the vaccine, people develop antibodies that protect them if they are infected.

    Of these three diseases, a baby is most likely to be exposed to pertussis, and pertussis is also the most dangerous because it causes a narrowing of the windpipes that makes it difficult for babies to get enough oxygen when they experience repeated bouts of coughing. Pertussis tends to be under-diagnosed in older children and adults, who frequently transmit it to babies. Unfortunately, of these three vaccines, pertussis is also the one that is least effective. Nonetheless, those immunized with pertussis vaccine are seven times less likely to be infected during an outbreak than those who arent immunized.

    New Yorks Battered Economy Could Struggle For Years To Come

    The economic recovery in New York will continue to lag that of the United States for years, with the city not expected to rebuild its labor force to prepandemic levels until late 2025, a year later than initially projected, according to a new economic forecast by the citys Independent Budget Office.

    The report lays out a challenging road to recovery for New York, whose economy is underpinned by service industries closely tied to travel and tourism that collapsed at the start of the pandemic in spring 2020 and have been slow to recover.

    Parts of the citys economy have thrived during the pandemic Wall Street firms and lately, residential sales but the course of the coronavirus will largely dictate how and when New York rebounds, the city agency said. The broader national economy has regained nearly all the jobs lost during the pandemic, but New York has regained only about 35 percent of its lost jobs in 2020, the report said.

    The prognosis also raises major questions about the impact of hybrid work on the value of office buildings, which pay a significant share of the citys property taxes, and the future of brick-and-mortar retail, which was struggling even before the pandemic accelerated the move to online shopping.

    The increasingly unpredictable nature of the spread of Covid-19 variants continues to confound economic forecasts and will remain one of if not the primary risk to the stability of the citys financial plan, the report said.

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    What Is A Vaccination Schedule

    A vaccination schedule is a plan with recommendations for which vaccines your children should get and when they should get them. Vaccines are one of the most important ways to prevent children from getting some dangerous diseases. By exposing you to a germ in a controlled way, vaccines teach your body to recognize and fight it.

    Government vaccine recommendations are just that — recommendations. You arent forced to get them. But state laws require your kids to have certain vaccines before they can go to daycare, school, or college, with some exceptions. Vaccines protect not just your child, but everyone they come in contact with. The more people who get vaccinated, the harder it is for a disease to spread.

    Before theyre approved for use and added to the schedule, vaccines go through years of testing to make sure they work and that theyre safe. The government keeps track of any reports of side effects to make sure no problems come up.

    Do Vaccination Needles Hurt

    Mayor: Friday is final day of 1st dose vaccines at Jacksonville senior centers

    Although generally quick, getting vaccinations can be painful for your child. The best way you can make it as painless as possible is to hold your child, and soothe and comfort them. Breastfeeding can also help reduce pain. You can use a number of other techniques to reduce the pain your child might experience.

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    Are The Vaccines Safe

    Yes. Vaccines for childhood diseases are very safe. Sometimes, a vaccine will cause mild side effects like a sore arm/leg or low fever. A bad side effect is not likely to happen. Childhood diseases are a greater health risk to children than the vaccines. Ask your healthcare provider to tell you about risks and side effects.

    What Is The Nip Schedule

    The National Immunisation Program Schedule is a series of immunisations given at specific times throughout your life. The immunisations range from birth through to adulthood.

    All vaccines listed in the NIP Schedule are free. Eligibility for free vaccines under the NIP is linked to eligibility for Medicare benefits.

    To get the best possible protection, make sure you have your immunisations on time, every time. The NIP Schedule below shows which vaccines you should get and when.

    This schedule card provides recommended vaccines and schedule points under the National Immunisation Program from 1 July 2020 .

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    What Parents Should Know About Newborn Tests And Vaccinations

    Vitamin K and eye ointment and vaccinations oh my!

    Your newborn likely will get all of these shortly after birth. Surprised? If so, youre not alone. Many new parents are unaware of how many tests and treatments their newborns will receive.

    Before you start to panic when a doctor gives your brand new baby a shot in the thigh, learn why these medications and vaccinations are important and some of the evidence behind the recommendations. Lets take a look at what tests and shots to expect late in pregnancy, in the delivery room, and before you take your little one home.

    Chicago Cancels Public School Classes In Clash With Teachers

    Immunization Schedule Resources for Parents

    The C.D.C., criticized for not mandating that people be tested after five days of isolation, stands firm on not requiring a negative test to leave isolation. The British prime minister said schools and businesses would remain open as Omicron drives up cases but not deaths.

    Public school officials in Chicago canceled classes for Wednesday amid a clash with the teachers union, whose members had threatened to stay home in a bid to force instruction online during a coronavirus surge.

    Union members had criticized the districts response to the Omicron variant, which has pushed cases in the city to record levels, and said conditions in classrooms were unsafe. The Chicago Teachers Union said late Tuesday night that 73 percent of members who voted favored pausing in-person instruction.

    But Mayor Lori Lightfoot said reverting to online schooling was unacceptable and unnecessary, and her administration decided to call off class altogether keeping the buildings open for emergency child care rather than return to virtual instruction.

    Nobody signs up for being a home-schooler at the last minute, Ms. Lightfoot said. We cant forget about how disruptive that remote process is to individual parents who have to work, who cant afford the luxury of staying home.

    Ms. Lightfoot, a Democrat, urged teachers to report to work and suggested they were considering an illegal work stoppage.

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    Texas Newborn Screening Program

    Often referred to as the heelstick because blood is taken from the babys heel, these panels screen for diseases that range from common, such as sickle cell or cystic fibrosis, to much less common, such as phenylketonuria or congenital hypothyroidism. As of 2015, Texas program includes 53 diseases on its panel.

    The first test is performed 24 to 48 hours after birth, and a second at one to two weeks at the pediatric care providers office. As with any screen, the goal is to find as many babies at risk as possible. When we detect these conditions early, it allows us to provide appropriate medical care such as altering the diet or providing medicine.

    Its important to keep in mind that a positive screen will need to be confirmed with more specific testing.

    Boris Johnson Resists Lockdown As Omicron Surges In Britain

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain said the country could ride out the wave of Omicron cases without a strict lockdown.

    We have a chance to ride out this Omicron wave without shutting down our country once again. We can keep our schools and our businesses open, and we can find a way to live with this virus. But the weeks ahead are going to be challenging, both here in the U.K. and across the world. there is no escaping the fact that some services will be disrupted by staff absences. We now know that Omicron is milder than previous variants. So while hospital admissions are rising quickly, with over 15,000 Covid patients now in hospital in England alone, this is not yet thankfully translating into the same numbers needing intensive care that we saw in previous waves.

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Tuesday said that despite the record surge in coronavirus cases, the limited restrictions currently in place in England were the right approach and would be maintained.

    We have a chance to ride out this Omicron wave without shutting down our country once again, Mr. Johnson said at an evening news conference, adding, We can keep our schools and businesses open, and we can find a way to live with this virus.

    I do think the balance of measures that we have is the right one, Mr. Johnson said. He said he believed there was a good chance of getting through the wave without further restrictions.


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    Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Test

    Some Ob/Gyn practices recommend routine testing at 32 weeks for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Texas is among the states with the highest rate of these sexually transmitted diseases. You may not even know you have these diseases because they dont always present with symptoms. However, the diseases can be passed to the baby during delivery and can cause an infection called ophthalmia neonatorum that may lead to blindness.

    If you have been in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship, you may feel comfortable declining this test. There is a chance the test will return a false-positive result, meaning it may show you have one of these diseases when you actually dont. Remember this before you panic that your partner is cheating on you.

    Initial Results Of A 4th

    School Starts SoonAre Your Childs Vaccines Up To Date?

    JERUSALEM Fourth shots of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine produce a fivefold increase in antibodies in recipients blood, according to preliminary study results announced on Tuesday by an Israeli hospital.

    The small, pioneering research study, underway for a week, is meant to test the safety and effectiveness of giving yet another shot of the vaccine to people who have already received a booster dose.

    Still, there remains debate over whether fourth shots are advisable, as research indicates that Covid vaccines already protect against the worst outcomes, including from the Omicron variant. Any booster is likely to raise the number of antibodies in the short term the question remains how long the effect will last because antibodies inevitably decline over time.

    Officials at the hospital Sheba Medical Center, near Tel Aviv said the increase in antibodies, which are the bodys frontline defense against infection but are just one of the many parts of the human immune system, could provide protection against infection, with the Omicron variant now surging across much of the world.

    The study involved administering an additional shot to 150 generally healthy medical workers who had received a third dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine at least four months ago, and whose antibody count in blood tests had dropped below levels considered sufficient to protect against infection, according to a spokesman for Sheba.

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    What Drives The Introduction Of Mandatory Vaccinations

    Overall, we found that the occurrence of recent outbreaks is a major factor in the introduction of mandatory vaccination, particularly for high and upper-middle-income countries in Europe. Germany, for example, made measles vaccination mandatory for school and day-care attendance in 2020 following large outbreaks.52 Similarly, Serbia tightened mandatory vaccination laws following a measles outbreak in 2014 to 2015 by introducing harsher penalties.53 Trends of reported cases of measles can be explored in detail here.

    Secondly, many low- and lower-middle-income countries have resorted to mandatory vaccination policies because of a lack of other policy options. Nonetheless, many have still missed their target vaccination rates due to problems with vaccine supply, delivery, and access. In Guyana for example, vaccination is mandatory, yet vaccination coverage is hindered by the management of the supply chain in keeping storage temperatures consistent and the distribution of freeze-sensitive vaccines.54 In Nigeria, vaccination is mandatory, and several states have enacted legislation criminalising vaccine refusal. Yet as Onyemelukwe argues, there are structural, logistical, political, systemic, religious and cultural obstacles to the effective distribution and uptake of vaccines, ranging from cold chain issues, to corruption and security issues.55 There is thus often variation between vaccination in policy compared to in practice.

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