Sunday, March 26, 2023

What Vaccines Are Required During Pregnancy

What Shots Do Moms

COVID-19 Vaccines PSA: Pregnancy Dr. Castillo 30 second

Vaccines you should get if you’re pregnant .

If you’re unlucky enough to come down with the flu, you’ll probably feel miserable for a few days. But if you happen to be pregnant, you could get really sick — sick enough to wind up in the hospital. You might even go into labor prematurely, or give birth to a smaller-than-normal baby.

Here’s a guide to the vaccines moms-to-be need, and when they should get them:

Which Vaccines Should Pregnant Women Avoid

The following vaccines can potentially be transmitted to the unborn child and may result in miscarriage, premature birth or birth defects.

  • Hepatitis A: The safety of this vaccine hasn’t been determined, but it can be given if the benefits outweigh the risks. Women at high risk for exposure to this virus should discuss the risks and benefits with their doctors.
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella : Women should wait at least one month to become pregnant after receiving these live-virus vaccines. If the initial rubella test shows that you are not immune to rubella, then you will be given the vaccine after delivery.
  • Varicella: This vaccine, used to prevent chicken pox, should be given at least one month before pregnancy.
  • Pneumococcal: Because the safety of this vaccine is unknown, it should be avoided in pregnancy, except for women who are at high risk or have a chronic illness.
  • Oral Polio Vaccine and Inactivated Polio Vaccine : Neither the live-virus nor the inactivated-virus version of this vaccine is recommended for pregnant women.
  • HPV Vaccine: To prevent the human papillomavirus virus .

What Vaccinations Are Recommended Before Pregnancy

If youre thinking about getting pregnant, get a preconception checkup. This is a medical checkup you get before pregnancy to help make sure youre healthy when you get pregnant. At your checkup, ask your provider if you need any vaccinations and how long to wait after getting them to try to get pregnant.

If you have a copy of your vaccination record, share it with your provider. If you dont have a copy, your provider can do blood tests in most cases to find out what vaccinations you need.

Your provider may recommend these vaccinations before you get pregnant:

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What Other Vaccines Are Recommended During Pregnancy

There are situations where additional vaccines may be needed. For example, if youre pregnant:

  • And are planning to travel outside of the US, talk with your healthcare provider at least 4 to 6 weeks before traveling to find out if any special vaccines may be required.
  • And have certain medical conditions , ask your healthcare provider if he or she recommends that you be vaccinated for them.
  • And work in a lab where you may exposed to certain diseases, talk with your healthcare provider about additional vaccines you may need.

Disney World And Disneyland Will Ease Mask Mandates For Vaccinated Patrons

For pregnant and nursing women, risks of COVID

Walt Disney World, the entertainment resort in Orlando, Fla., is easing its mask mandate for fully vaccinated visitors beginning Thursday.

Vaccinated patrons can forget the mask in most parts of the resort, though all patrons, vaccinated or unvaccinated, will continue to have to wear them on transportation within Disney World, according to a statement on the resorts website. People who are not fully vaccinated will still be required to wear masks in all indoor and outdoor areas.

Similar changes will be introduced at Disneyland in California on Thursday.

It was not clear whether the changes will also apply to Disney World and Disneyland employees. Disney World representatives did not respond to requests for comment on Tuesday.

Universal Orlando Resort announced similar changes to its mask policy on Saturday. Face coverings are now optional for fully vaccinated patrons there, while people who have not been vaccinated are encouraged to continue to wear masks. The same policy applies to employees.

It was not clear whether the distinction between vaccinated and unvaccinated guests would be enforced by anything more than the honor system at either park. Florida law forbids businesses from asking customers to show proof of vaccine status.

Floridas mask stance has remained largely unchanged, with the authorities refusing to issue a statewide mandate.

Kirsten Noyes and Alyssa Lukpat contributed reporting.

Ada Petriczko

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Tetanus Diphtheria And Pertussis

Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria that can enter the body through a break in the skin. A toxin made by these bacteria cause nervous-system symptoms such as muscle spasms and seizures. Diphtheria and pertussis bacteria are spread through coughing and sneezing and cause severe respiratory problems. The adult vaccine is called Tdap for protection from all three: tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough.

All women should get the Tdap shot between 27 and 36 weeks of each pregnancy, preferably in the first few weeks of that window. That said, if you’re at risk for whooping cough due to an outbreak in your community or if you get a deep cut in your skin and are due for your tetanus booster, the vaccine is also safe to get earlier in pregnancy.

When you get the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy, you pass on some immunity to help protect your newborn from whooping cough before hes old enough to get the DTaP vaccine for children, the first dose of which hell get when hes 2 months old. And thats important, since whooping cough is highly contagious and can be deadly for young babies, whose immune systems are still developing.

Benefits Of Immunization In Pregnancy For The Mother

Vaccines recommended for the protection of a pregnant woman’s health include:

  • inactivated influenza vaccine
  • acellular pertussis vaccine
  • hepatitis B vaccine if susceptible and with ongoing exposure risks
  • hepatitis A vaccine if a close contact of a person with hepatitis A or if travelling to an endemic area
  • meningococcal vaccine in an outbreak setting or post-exposure, or if indicated by medical condition
  • pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine with or without conjugate vaccine if indicated by medical condition
  • any other inactivated vaccine if indicated by exposure , travel or by medical condition .

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What If I Get Vaccinated While Breastfeeding

You may wonder about the timing of your vaccine once you start breastfeeding. What if you get the first dose of vaccine while youre still pregnant and then the second one after you deliver?

You might find it helpful to know that according to experts, based on how vaccines work in the body, there shouldnt be any risk to you or your baby in this case. Doctors from Johns Hopkins have stated that if you get vaccinated, theres no need to stop breastfeeding.

A study conducted in March 2021 with 131 participants confirmed that vaccination doesnt pose a health risk to the mother or the baby . It also found that lactating parents who receive the mRNA vaccines pass antibodies down to their babies through their breast milk, which can help protect the baby.

Whooping Cough Vaccine Side

Should women get the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy?

Side-effects are usually mild. They may include:

  • soreness or redness around the injection site
  • mild fever and fatigue for up to 48 hours

Take paracetamol if you have a temperature after the vaccine.

If you cannot get the whooping cough vaccine or your baby is born early :

  • make sure all other children and adults in the house are vaccinated
  • ask relatives and friends not to visit if they have a cough

Read more guidance about whooping cough vaccine during pregnancy.

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Uptake Of Pertussis Vaccination

As discussed earlier, the antenatal pertussis vaccination programme aims to minimise morbidity, hospitalisation, and mortality in newborns through intrauterine transfer of maternal antibodies, until infants receive the first dose of the infant vaccination programme at 8 weeks of age . The incidence of pertussis in infants < 3 months of age has declined overall from 234 per 100,000 in 2012 to 52 per 100,000 in 2019 with a small, expected cyclical rise in numbers .

In the United Kingdom, monthly pertussis vaccine coverage in pregnant women ranged from 72.5% in January 2020 to 72.0% in March 2020 with an average coverage for the quarter at 72.2%. The average annual vaccine coverage for April 2019 to March 2020 was 70.5% .

Monthly pertussis vaccination coverage in pregnant women: England, 20132020 .

Which Vaccines Can I Receive While I Am Pregnant

The following vaccines are considered safe to give to women who might be at risk of infection:

  • Hepatitis B: Pregnant women who are at high risk for this disease and have tested negative for the virus can receive this vaccine. It is used to protect the mother and baby against infection both before and after delivery.
  • Influenza: This vaccine can prevent serious illness in the mother during pregnancy. You can receive the vaccine at any stage of your pregnancy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends all pregnant women should receive the flu shot.
  • Tetanus/Diphtheria/ : Tdap should be administered during pregnancy, preferably during the third trimester or late second trimester . If you or your family members did not receive this vaccination during pregnancy, Tdap should be administered immediately postpartum while in the hospital to ensure pertussis or whooping cough immunity and reduce the risk of transmission to the newborn. The CDC recommends that all pregnant women receive this vaccine, please accept this vaccine for the safety of you and your baby.

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Can You Get A Covid

The CDC is learning more about how safe and effective the COVID-19 vaccine is when its given at the same time as other vaccines, such as the flu or Tdap vaccine. The CDC currently recommends:

  • That you wait at least 14 days after getting the COVID-19 vaccine to get any other vaccine.
  • That you wait at least 14 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine after getting other vaccines.
  • That you complete your vaccinations on schedule even if youve gotten a COVID-19 vaccine.

What About Vaccines After A Birth Or If Youre Breastfeeding

Vaccines While TTC &  Newly Pregnant

If your doctor told you during your pregnancy that you did not have immunity to rubella, measles, or chickenpox, you should receive these vaccines to help protect yourself and your baby. There is no concern about breastfeeding.

If you havent had the HPV vaccine, you should start the series if

  • you are 26 or younger
  • you are over 26 and at risk for HPV exposure.

Finally, ask your doctor if you should consider having hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and pneumococcal vaccines. These are recommended for women with certain risk factors.

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Risk Of Infectious Diseases During Pregnancy

Some diseases can harm you and your unborn baby if you become infected with them when you are pregnant.

Examples of infections that are harmful to pregnant women and unborn babies include:

  • COVID-19 the risk of severe illness due to COVID-19 is significantly higher for pregnant women and their unborn babies.
  • Rubella can cause defects in the baby’s brain, heart, eyes and ears and increases the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
  • Chickenpox can cause defects in the baby’s brain, eyes, skin and limbs.
  • Measles increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth or stillbirth.
  • Mumps increases the risk of miscarriage.
  • Hepatitis B can cause acute hepatitis B infection that you can pass on to your baby during birth. Both you and your baby could then become ‘carriers’ of hepatitis B .
  • Influenza increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth or stillbirth. and your risk of severe illness and death.
  • Whooping cough can cause pneumonia, seizures, encephalopathy and the death of the baby.

As well as being immunised, you can reduce your risk of catching infectious diseases during pregnancy by:

  • avoiding close contact with sick people.

What If You’re Allergic To A Vaccine

Serious reactions to vaccines are rare. However, your doctor may tell you to skip certain shots if you have an allergy to a substance they contain. Those who are allergic, for example, to baker’s yeast shouldn’t get the hepatitis B vaccine those with a severe egg allergy should avoid the flu shot and people with a severe allergy to gelatin or to the antibiotic neomycin shouldn’t get the measles, mumps, and rubella or varicella vaccine. If you’re skipping any shots, you should discuss alternate ways to prevent illness with your doctor.

American Baby

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What Vaccines Are Recommended During My Pregnancy

Flu vaccine. The CDC and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that women who are pregnant during flu season get the flu vaccine. The CDC also recommends getting the shot by the end of Octoberbefore the flu season takes hold.

Women who are pregnant can have changes in their immune system and in their heart and lung functionsthis can increase their risk for getting seriously ill from the flu. Whats more, getting the flu can result in serious problems for the unborn baby. These may include premature labor and delivery.

Getting a flu shot during flu season while pregnant may not only help protect the mother from getting the flu, it may also help protect her baby from complications from the flu for several months after he or she is born. Babies younger than 6 months old are too young to be vaccinated against the flu.

Tdap vaccine. Pertussis can be a serious disease for people of all ages. Its especially serious for newborns because it can be life-threatening for them. In fact, up to 20 babies die from pertussis in the US each year, and about half of babies younger than 1 year old who get whooping cough need to go to the hospital for treatment.

If pregnant women have never received the Tdap shot before, it is recommended that they receive it after giving birth. This can help protect the mother and make it less likely for her to pass pertussis to the baby.

What Share Of The Population Has Been Partly Or Fully Vaccinated Against Covid

Few adverse effects found in pregnant women during COVID vaccine trials, but more research needed

The following charts show the breakdown of vaccinations by those that have been partly or fully vaccinated. A person is considered partly vaccinated if they have received only one dose of a 2-dose vaccine protocol. A person is considered fully vaccinated if they have received a single-dose vaccine or both doses of a two-dose vaccine.

This data is only available for countries which report the breakdown of doses administered by first and second doses.

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Vaccines Needed During Pregnancy

There are 2 vaccines you should get during pregnancy:

  • whooping cough vaccine
  • flu vaccine

You should also get a COVID-19 vaccine to protect yourself from the virus if you are not already vaccinated.

Getting these vaccines means you’ll be protected against COVID-19 and immune to the flu and whooping cough. You’ll also protect your child while they’re in your womb and for the first few months of their life.

You can get the flu and whooping cough vaccines from your GP at the same time. You can also get the flu vaccine from your pharmacist.

Confirming your pregnancy with your GP – HSE

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New Reported Coronavirus Cases At The Olympics

At least 509 people with Olympic credentials, including 185 athletes and team officials, tested positive for the coronavirus in China, either at the airport on arrival in China or within the Olympics closed loop. People within that system were tested daily, accounting for nearly 70,000 Covid tests each day on average.

Positive tests:

Sources: 2022 Beijing Organizing Committee and staff reports

The numbers peaked on Feb. 2, when 55 tests came back positive in the loop or at the airport still a very low positivity rate given that officials are conducting about 60,000 tests per day within the loop alone.

China has placed intense restrictions on its citizens lives for most of the past two years to try to keep the coronavirus out after the initial wave. For this months Games, it designed the most rigid protocols ever seen at the Olympics, surpassing even the protocols in place in Tokyo last summer. Athletes, journalists, workers and other people involved in the Games are confined to the loop from start to finish 24 hours a day and repeatedly tested.

In total, at least 505 people with Olympic credentials, including 183 athletes and team officials, have tested positive for the coronavirus in China. Among those who have tested positive since the Games began are some prominent athletes, including the figure skater Vincent Zhou and the bobsledder Elana Meyers Taylor.

But, some historians voice caution about the Russian flu hypothesis.

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Protecting You And Your Ppi During The Covid

Your babys protection starts with you. Immunise during each pregnancy to protect yourself and your unborn baby against serious diseases like influenza and whooping cough. Immunisation is recommended and safe during all COVID-19 alert levels. Your preferred health professional can explain how it works at their practice or vaccinating pharmacy, for example whether immunisations take place at a separate location or time from other patients.

Immunisation against influenza and whooping cough during pregnancy is recommended by the Ministry of Health, and free. Talk to your doctor or practice nurse, or your midwife to find out how to protect you and your child.

Mothers pass some of their immunity along to their babies during pregnancy. This provides some protection to newborn babies during the first few weeks of life until they are able to be immunised.

You can watch a video about immunisation during pregnancy here:

Title: Immunise against influenza during pregnancy


It goes there how about that one?

The young people Ive seen that have um had the flu have got very, very sick.

And quite surprisingly, you always think if youre young youll get the flu and youll be fine within a day or two.

But Ive looked after people that have been in ICU for six weeks and they were very young and um almost died.

And also looked after a pregnant lady who was sick.

Motifs as follows:

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