Saturday, September 23, 2023

What Vaccines Do We Get As A Child

Side Effects After Immunisation

How many Vaccines does a child get? – Dr. Shaheena Athif

Immunisations are effective and safe, although all medication can have unwanted side effects. Some children may experience a reaction to a vaccine. In virtually all cases, immunisation side effects are not as serious as the symptoms a child would experience if they were to contract the disease.

The mild side effects can include a mild fever and pain at the injection site. For specific information about side effects from different doses of vaccine, ask your doctor or healthcare professional.

The meningococcal B vaccine, Bexsero, commonly causes a fever in children aged less than two years. Paracetamol must be given in the 30 minutes before vaccination or as soon as practicable after vaccination for children less than two years. This should be followed by two more doses given six hours apart regardless of whether the child has a fever.

How Is Pfizer’s Vaccine For Young Kids Different

Pfizer’s vaccine is one-third the dose of the vaccine given to everyone age 12 and older . The needle used to administer the vaccine will also be smaller. Additionally, the cap on the vial the vaccine comes in will be orange instead of purple and gray to avoid mix-ups.

The formula of the vaccine also varies slightly from the formula for adults. Pfizer’s vaccine for kids can be stored up to 10 weeks in a fridge, making it easier to administer. For more information about Pfizer’s vaccine for younger children, check out this fact sheet by the FDA.

If Your Child Can’t Be Vaccinated

Some children may not be able to get some vaccines, including those with:

  • specific medical conditions
  • severe allergic reactions to vaccine ingredients

Examples include children who need to take high-dose steroids or who have a weakened immune system from cancer treatment . These children may need to avoid vaccines that contain a weakened live virus, such as measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox.

These children are at risk of getting the disease that the vaccine would have prevented.

Talk to your health care provider or local public health authority if you have any concerns about your child’s health status and vaccines.

If your child can’t be vaccinated, you can help protect them by encouraging others to get vaccinated. This will help prevent the spread of disease to your child.

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What Vaccines Should My Child Receive

Your child should receive all the recommended vaccines. The timing for each shot may be slightly different depending on where you live. Here is what the Canadian Paediatric Society and the National Advisory Committee on Immunization currently recommend:

  • 5-in-1 or 6-in-1 vaccine , DPT-polio, or Hib vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Hib disease, as well as hepatitis B if 6-in-1.
  • Rotavirus vaccine protects infants against rotavirus, the most common cause of serious diarrhea in babies and young children.
  • Pneumococcal vaccine protects against infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, including meningitis , pneumonia, and ear infections.
  • Meningococcal vaccine protects against diseases caused by the meningococcus bacteria, including meningitis and septicemia, a serious blood infection.
  • MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.
  • Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox, a very uncomfortable and sometimes serious infection.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B, a serious infection of the liver.
  • dTap vaccine protects adolescents against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis .
  • HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that cause cervical cancer, some other cancers, and genital warts.

Tetanus Diphtheria And Pertussis Vaccination

What is chickenpox and why do we vaccinate against it ...

Routine vaccination

  • Adolescents age 1112 years: 1 dose Tdap
  • Pregnancy: 1 dose Tdap during each pregnancy, preferably during the early part of gestational weeks 2736
  • Tdap may be administered regardless of the interval since the last tetanus- and diphtheria-toxoid-containing vaccine.

Catch-up vaccination

  • Adolescents age 1318 years who have not received Tdap: 1 dose Tdap, then Td or Tdap booster every 10 years
  • Persons age 718 years not fully vaccinated* with DTaP: 1 dose Tdap as part of the catch-up series if additional doses are needed, use Td or Tdap.
  • Tdap administered at age 710 years
  • Children age 79 years who receive Tdap should receive the routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
  • Children age 10 years who receive Tdap do not need the routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
  • DTaP inadvertently administered on or after age 7 years:
  • Children age 79 years: DTaP may count as part of catch-up series. Administer routine Tdap dose at age 1112 years.
  • Children age 1018 years: Count dose of DTaP as the adolescent Tdap booster.
  • For other catch-up guidance, see Table 2.
  • Special situations

    *Fully vaccinated = 5 valid doses of DTaP OR 4 valid doses of DTaP if dose 4 was administered at age 4 years or older.

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    Routine Vaccines For Children

    The National Immunisation Program provides the routine childhood immunisations recommended for all children in Australia, free of charge.

    This helps to protect them from the most serious childhood infections, some of which may threaten their lives. Some children may need extra vaccines. Speak to your doctor about your childs specific needs.

    Routine childhood immunisations help to protect your child against:

    2 months

    Why Childhood Immunizations Are Important

    Childhood vaccines or immunizations can seem overwhelming when you are a new parent. Vaccine schedules recommended by agencies and organizations, such as the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians cover about 14 different diseases.

    Vaccinations not only protect your child from deadly diseases, such as polio, tetanus, and diphtheria, but they also keep other children safe by eliminating or greatly decreasing dangerous diseases that used to spread from child to child.

    A vaccine is a dead, or weakened version, or part of the germ that causes the disease in question. When children are exposed to a disease in vaccine form, their immune system, which is the body’s germ-fighting machine, is able to build up antibodies that protect them from contracting the disease if and when they are exposed to the actual disease.

    Over the years, vaccines have generated some controversy over safety, but no convincing evidence of harm has been found. And although children can have a reaction to any vaccine, the important thing to know is that the benefits of vaccinations far outweigh the possible side effects.

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    Give Consent At The Vaccine Appointment

    Consent is required for children ages 5 to 11 to get a COVID-19 vaccine.

    Consent for a child can be provided by a:

    • Parent, legal guardian or foster parent
    • Custodial caregiver like a grandparent or relative

    Only 1 parent, legal guardian or foster parent is required to give consent. You’ll be asked to provide consent at the clinic location.

    Covid Vaccines For Kids: What To Know About Boosters And More

    Why Do We Get Vaccines?

    The CDC recommends COVID-19 vaccine boosters for teens 16 and older, while Pfizer tests a new three-shot vaccine protocol for kids under 5.

    As the omicron variant surges around the world, US health officials are urging everyone eligible to receive a COVID-19 booster shot — including teens 16 and up. In early December, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended Pfizer’s booster for 16- and 17-year-olds after it was authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration.

    For the 19th week in a row, COVID-19 cases in children were above 100,000, according to a Dec. 20 report by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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    On Dec. 17, Pfizer announced it would be testing a new three-shot vaccine protocol on children aged 6 months to 5 years.

    Teens as young as 16 can get boosted as long as six months have passed since their second Pfizer shot. Kids younger than 16 can’t get a booster yet, but children ages 5 and up can be fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Pfizer’s vaccine for kids ages 5 to 11 is one-third of a regular dose, a slightly different formula and given with a smaller needle. It was and recommended by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention after data showing an encouraging safety profile and high effectiveness was reviewed by independent committees to the CDC and FDA.

    As the COVID-19 landscape continues to change, here’s what we know about COVID-19 vaccines for kids.

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    Vaccines And Immunization: What Is Vaccination

    Vaccination is a simple, safe, and effective way of protecting you against harmful diseases, before you come into contact with them. It uses your bodys natural defenses to build resistance to specific infections and makes your immune system stronger.

    Vaccines train your immune system to create antibodies, just as it does when its exposed to a disease. However, because vaccines contain only killed or weakened forms of germs like viruses or bacteria, they do not cause the disease or put you at risk of its complications.

    Most vaccines are given by an injection, but some are given orally or sprayed into the nose.

    Vaccines reduce risks of getting a disease by working with your bodys natural defenses to build protection. When you get a vaccine, your immune system responds. It:

    • Recognizes the invading germ, such as the virus or bacteria.

    • Produces antibodies. Antibodies are proteins produced naturally by the immune system to fight disease.

    • Remembers the disease and how to fight it. If you are then exposed to the germ in the future, your immune system can quickly destroy it before you become unwell.

    The vaccine is therefore a safe and clever way to produce an immune response in the body, without causing illness.

    If you have missed any recommended vaccinations for you or your child, talk to your healthcare worker about catching up.

    Why Do Children Get So Many Vaccinations

    A number of vaccinations are required in the first few years of a childs life to protect them against some of the most serious childhood infectious diseases. The immune system in young children does not work as well as the immune system in older children and adults, because it is still immature. Therefore, more doses of the vaccine are needed.

    Another reason children get many vaccinations is that new vaccines against serious infections continue to be developed. The number of injections is reduced by the use of combination vaccines, where several vaccines are combined into one injection.

    For a full list of recommended vaccinations for children, visit the general National Immunisation Program schedule or the National Immunisation Program schedule for all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

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    Can My Child Get The Covid

    Yes, according to the CDC, your child may get other vaccines when they go in for their coronavirus shot without waiting 14 days between appointments. Flu shots can be given to children age 6 months and older.

    Correction, Oct. 25: A previous version of this story included a sentence implying incorrect information about available vaccines for children age 12 and older. Only Pfizer’s vaccine is currently available for kids ages 12 to 17.

    The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

    Do Vaccines Have Side Effects

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    Some vaccines may cause mild, temporary side effects. This includes fever, soreness or a lump where the vaccine shot was given. Your family doctor will talk to you about possible side effects with certain vaccines.

    Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about whether your child should receive a vaccine.

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    Childhood Vaccines: What They Are And Why Your Child Needs Them

    A vaccine is a preventive treatment for certain medical diseases. These are diseases that are caused by infections and spread from person-to-person. Vaccines contain a weakened version of the infection or versions that resemble it. Most vaccines are given in childhood. Childhood vaccines help your childs body build up a protection against the disease if or when they are exposed to it.

    Vaccines are important. They not only help keep your child healthy, they help all children by limiting the spread of disease and possibly eliminating serious childhood diseases.

    Children In Licensed Daycare Centres

    If you want your child to attend daycare, and decide not to vaccinate them due to medical, religious or philosophical reasons, you will need to give your daycare a valid written exemption. If the disease appears in your childs daycare centre, your child may have to stay out of daycare until the disease is no longer present.

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    Vaccines For Adults Increasing Opportunities For Health

    Historically, vaccines were deemed to be only for children. However, vaccines for adults are becoming increasingly common and necessary. Most adults think only of the tetanus booster recommended every 10 years and even then, many adults only get the vaccine if they injure themselves. In 2005, the Tdap vaccine was licensed as an improved version of the typical tetanus booster, Td. The newer version also contains a component to protect against pertussis . All adults, especially those who are going to be around young infants, should get the Tdap vaccine. Adults often unwittingly pass pertussis to young infants for whom the disease can be fatal. In 2012, the CDC recommended that pregnant women get a dose of Tdap during each pregnancy between 27 and 36 weeks gestation. In 2019, the CDC recommended that Tdap or Td vaccine could be used for booster dosing every 10 years.

    Influenza vaccines, available since the 1940s, are now recommended for most adults. Vaccines like MMR and chickenpox are recommended for adults who have not had the diseases, and vaccines including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, pneumococcus, and meningococcus are recommended for sub-groups of the adult population. The HPV vaccine became available in 2006. In 2018, the license was expanded to include people up to 45 years of age.

    The first formal adult immunization schedule was published in 2002 and is updated annually.

    Are The Vaccines Safe

    When should you get the COVID-19 vaccine for your child? An infectious disease expert answers your q

    Yes. Vaccines for childhood diseases are very safe. Sometimes, a vaccine will cause mild side effects like a sore arm/leg or low fever. A bad side effect is not likely to happen. Childhood diseases are a greater health risk to children than the vaccines. Ask your healthcare provider to tell you about risks and side effects.

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    Measles Mumps And Rubella Vaccine

    • Brand Name: M-M-R II
    • What it’s for: Prevents measles, mumps, and rubella in those 12 months of age and older. Measles is a respiratory disease that causes a skin rash all over the body, and fever, cough and runny nose. Measles can be severe, causing ear infections, pneumonia, seizures, and swelling of the brain. Mumps causes fever, headache, loss of appetite and the well-known sign of swollen cheeks and jaw which is from the swelling of the salivary glands. Rare complications include deafness, meningitis , and painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries. Rubella, also called German Measles, causes fever, a rash, and–mainly in women–can also cause arthritis. Rubella infection during pregnancy can lead to birth defects.
    • Common side effects may include: Fever, mild rash, fainting, headache, dizziness, irritability and burning/stinging, redness, swelling, and tenderness at the injection site.
    • Tell your healthcare provider beforehand if: The child is ill and has a fever or has ever had an allergic reaction to gelatin, the antibiotic neomycin, or a previous dose of the vaccine, has immune system problems, or cancer, or problems with the blood or lymph system.

    Importance Of Vaccines For Infant And Toddlers

    For newborns, breast milk can help protect against many diseases. However, this immunity wears off after breastfeeding is over, and some children arent breastfed at all.

    Whether or not children are breastfed, vaccines can help protect them from disease. Vaccines can also help prevent the spread of disease through the rest of the population through herd immunity.

    Vaccines work by imitating infection of a certain disease in your childs body. This prompts your childs immune system to develop weapons called antibodies.

    These antibodies fight the disease that the vaccine is meant to prevent. With their body now primed to make antibodies, your childs immune system can defeat future infection from the disease. Its an amazing feat.

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    Can A Vaccine Cause My Baby To Get Sick

    Vaccines are extremely safe and serious side effects are rare. Almost all sickness or discomfort after vaccination is minor and temporary, such as a soreness at the injection site or mild fever. These can often be controlled by taking over-the-counter pain medication as advised by a doctor, or applying a cold cloth to the injection site. If parents are concerned, they should contact their doctor or health care provider.

    Extensive studies and research show that there is no evidence of a link between vaccines and autism.

    Immunisation And Young Children

    Do You Know When to Get Your Child Vaccinated?

    In the first months of life, a baby might have some protection from infectious diseases that their mother has had or been immunised against. This is known as passive immunity. It occurs when antibodies are transferred from mother to baby during pregnancy. The level of antibody protection for the baby can be low and wears off quickly. This puts them at risk of diseases that can be prevented with vaccination.Most childhood immunisations are given as an injection in the arm or leg, except rotavirus vaccine, which is given by mouth. A vaccination dose may contain a vaccine against one specific disease, or several diseases. This is known as a combination injection, and it helps to reduce the number of injections your child needs.

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