Which Vaccines Are Approved Or Authorized
The Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is fully approved by the Food and Drug Administration for people ages 16 and older . The Moderna and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines have emergency use authorization from the FDA.
All of these vaccines deliver instructions to the body that help the immune system block the virus that causes COVID-19. This can be done in different ways:
- Two-dose Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine: this vaccine uses mRNA.
- Two-dose Moderna vaccine: this vaccine uses mRNA.
- One-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine: this vaccine uses a harmless, modified form of the common cold virus in humans called an adenovirus.
Studies show all three vaccines are extremely effective in reducing risk for severe illness, hospitalizations, and deaths from COVID-19. They also help reduce risk for moderate illness. So, while some people who are fully vaccinated may still get COVID-19, they are protected against serious illness and death. Booster shots may be considered to further increase the effectiveness of the vaccines for some people. Ask your doctor about this.
You can read more about the different vaccines at the Harvard Health Coronavirus Resource Center.
One Vaccination Might Not Be Given After Mom Has Received A Biologic
One of the medication classes that is used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease is biologics. Biologics are medications that are derived from living organisms: either from an animal, or a human, or some combination of both. A biologic medication is a large molecule, as opposed to small-molecule medications that are given by mouth, such as aspirin.
Biologic medications are often given by infusion or injection, usually several weeks apart . Some are given at home by self-injection and others are given in an infusion center via an IV. These drugs have changed the outlook for people with IBD since the first one of its kind was approved to treat IBD in the late 90s. Prior to that time, there were few effective treatments, and the mainstays, corticosteroids, are now understood to put patients at increased risks of adverse effects over biologics.
Tb Bcg Vaccine And Your Baby
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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tb-bcg-and-your-baby-leaflet/tb-bcg-vaccine-and-your-baby
This leaflet is about the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination that is being offered to protect your baby against tuberculosis .
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Brunei: Omicron Xe Has Slightly Faster Rate Of Transmission
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN : The Ministry of Health recorded 6,811 children aged five to 11, or 15.9 per cent of the age group, who have received the first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine, said Minister of Health Dato Seri Setia Dr Mohd Isham Jaafar at the daily press conference on Tuesday .
The minister said on Monday, a total of 1,144 doses of the vaccine were administered to children aged five to 11.
Parents or guardians may bring their children to get vaccinated by booking a slot through the BruHealth app.
They are also reminded to create and complete the authentication process for their childrens accounts on the app.
Meanwhile, 62.4 per cent of the population have received three doses of the vaccine.
During Ramahan, vaccination centre services nationwide will run from 8.30am to 1pm on Monday to Thursday and Saturday, and close every Friday, Sunday and public holidays.
Minister of Home Affairs Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Kerna Dato Seri Setia Awang Abu Bakar Apong also attended the press conference.
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Vaccines Given At Birth
Hepatitis B Vaccine is given before taking your baby home from the hospital. Hepatitis B can cause slow, persistent liver damage in a child. The virus, found in blood and body fluids, can last on a surface for up to a month. Doctors recommend this vaccine for all babies as a preventative to liver disease and cancer from the virus.
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What Do You Suggest Expecting Parents Do If Family Members Are Hesitantor Outright Refuseto Get Vaccinated
I personally take a strong stanceif a family member is not willing to get vaccinated, I dont let them near my children until my kids have been adequately vaccinated and are a bit older .
The issue of vaccines should be brought up the same way that an expecting parent speaks to family members about other illnesses.
Just as you would ask them to wash their hands, check themselves for signs/symptoms of illness , anyone wanting to be close to a newborn should be willing to vaccinate themselves against infections that could seriously harm the baby.
Which Babies Need To Have Bcg
Even if you dont live in an area where all babies are offered BCG your baby may still need the vaccine.
If you answer Yes to any of the following questions you should ask your doctor or nurse about BCG for your baby:
Does your baby, the babys mother, father or grandparents, or anyone who lives with you, come from a country with a high rate of TB?
Will you and your baby be going to live or to stay with friends and family in one of these countries?
Does anyone who lives with you, or who spends a lot of time with your baby, have TB now or had TB in the past?
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Vaccines Given At Two Months
Hepatitis B Vaccine is given to your baby for the second time during the two month check-up.
DTaP Vaccine protects your baby from three life-threatening, toxin-releasing bacterial diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis . Often found in unsanitary conditions or from improper wound care, tetanus is a severe disease of the nerves that can cause the jaw to lock. Diphtheria affects breathing and the throat in small children and may cause nerve, heart, and kidney damage. Pertussis is a highly contagious disease that mostly affects babies under six months and causes coughing spells that can become severe and potentially deadly. Getting the vaccine between 27 and 36 weeks of pregnancy is also a great way to help prevent your infant from contracting pertussis.
Importance Of Vaccines For Infant And Toddlers
For newborns, breast milk can help protect against many diseases. However, this immunity wears off after breastfeeding is over, and some children arent breastfed at all.
Whether or not children are breastfed, vaccines can help protect them from disease. Vaccines can also help prevent the spread of disease through the rest of the population through herd immunity.
Vaccines work by imitating infection of a certain disease in your childs body. This prompts your childs immune system to develop weapons called antibodies.
These antibodies fight the disease that the vaccine is meant to prevent. With their body now primed to make antibodies, your childs immune system can defeat future infection from the disease. Its an amazing feat.
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Gonorrhea And Chlamydia Test
Some Ob/Gyn practices recommend routine testing at 32 weeks for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Texas is among the states with the highest rate of these sexually transmitted diseases. You may not even know you have these diseases because they dont always present with symptoms. However, the diseases can be passed to the baby during delivery and can cause an infection called ophthalmia neonatorum that may lead to blindness.
If you have been in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship, you may feel comfortable declining this test. There is a chance the test will return a false-positive result, meaning it may show you have one of these diseases when you actually dont. Remember this before you panic that your partner is cheating on you.
How Is Tb Caught
You can only catch TB from someone whose lungs or throat are already infected and who is coughing. When they cough, a spray of tiny droplets is produced that contain the bacteria. If someone breathes in the droplets they too can catch the infection. It takes sharing of an enclosed space with an infected person, for example living in the same house, to be at risk of being infected.
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Considering Pregnancy With Ibd
When considering pregnancy, many women living with Crohns disease or ulcerative colitis naturally begin to think about their current treatment and how it may or may not affect a fetus and a newborn. One of the most important factors for a healthy pregnancy, uneventful birth, and healthy baby is keeping the IBD in remission.
Most medications for IBD are considered to be safe for use during pregnancy. Therefore its widely recommended that women not discontinue their IBD treatments when they are pregnant, because of the increased risk of a flare-up.
While it might make sense to stop certain types of medications, complementary and alternative therapies, or over-the-counter treatments during pregnancy, most medications for treating IBD dont need to be stopped during pregnancy.
A gastroenterologist and obstetrician should always be consulted about starting or stopping any medications during pregnancy.
With biologic medications, pregnant women may have a concern that the medication will cross the placenta and the baby will get a certain amount in their bloodstream. Biologic medications work to treat IBD because they dampen the immune system. When the immune system is not as active, there’s less inflammatory activity in the digestive systems and/or other parts of the body. How much the immune system is suppressed depends on the particular class of medication.
How Common Is Tb
In the UK in the 1950s, there were over 50,000 new cases of TB every year. Today, this number has dropped to just over 5,000 new cases a year. So, while it is unlikely that you will get infected, everybody should be aware of the symptoms of TB.
This is especially important because TB is a widespread disease worldwide.
The risk of disease is higher in people who have lived or worked in countries with high rates of TB. Children from these families are also more likely to have close contact with infected members of their community, either in the UK or in their country of origin.
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Your Babys First Shot
Shortly after birth, your baby should receive the first dose of the vaccine to help protect against the following disease:
All babies should get the first shot of hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth.
This shot reduces the risk of your baby getting the disease from you or family members who may not know they are infected with hepatitis B.
If you have hepatitis B, your baby should get the first shot of hepatitis vaccine within 12 hours of birth. Theres additional medicine that can help protect your newborn against hepatitis B its called hepatitis B immune globin . HBIG gives your babys body extra help to fight the virus as soon as your baby is born.
Biologic Therapies During Pregnancy
Each biologic therapy has a different clearance rate. This is the time that it takes for a biologic medication that passes through the placenta to clear from the babys system after the mothers last dose during pregnancy. The last dose given during pregnancy is usually scheduled with the clearance rate in mind. In all cases, its recommended that the dosing schedule be resumed after delivery, with the first dose being given as soon as 48 hours later.
Cimzia . This medication is different than other biologics in that it is passively transported across the placenta and therefore less is taken up by the baby. In the third trimester, its recommended that the regular dosing schedule be kept .
Entyvio . Maintenance dosing is every eight weeks with Entyvio. According to published guidelines, its recommended that the last dose be given between six and 10 weeks prior to birth.
Humira . Humira crosses the placenta. Guidelines recommend working towards scheduling the last dose in the third trimester about two to three weeks before birth. Studies have shown no link to short-term issues or birth defects in babies born to women receiving Humira during pregnancy.
Simponi . The maintenance dose of this drug is given every four weeks. This drug does cross the placenta and its recommended that the last dose be given in the third trimester approximately four to six weeks before birth.
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What Is A Vaccination Schedule
A vaccination schedule is a plan with recommendations for which vaccines your children should get and when they should get them. Vaccines are one of the most important ways to prevent children from getting some dangerous diseases. By exposing you to a germ in a controlled way, vaccines teach your body to recognize and fight it.
Government vaccine recommendations are just that — recommendations. You arent forced to get them. But state laws require your kids to have certain vaccines before they can go to daycare, school, or college, with some exceptions. Vaccines protect not just your child, but everyone they come in contact with. The more people who get vaccinated, the harder it is for a disease to spread.
Before theyre approved for use and added to the schedule, vaccines go through years of testing to make sure they work and that theyre safe. The government keeps track of any reports of side effects to make sure no problems come up.
How Can Parents Keep Children Safe Before They Get The Covid
Since it may still be a while before your littlest ones can get vaccinated, its important to continue following the same safety measures youve used throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, says Kyle Monk, M.D., a pediatrician at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California and member of the What to Expect Medical Review Board.
This includes wearing masks, practicing social distancing and washing hands frequently. “You still need to hold off on unmasked playdates or sleepovers until children are vaccinated,” adds Dr. Monk.
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Which Vaccines Do You Recommend For Patients Planning On Starting A Family
First, aspiring parents should be up-to-date on all their childhood vaccines.
Rubella is one of the most important for a mother who wishes to become pregnant, because congenital rubella infection can cause many problems with a growing baby. This vaccine should be given before getting pregnant, as it is a live-virus vaccine and shouldnt be given to pregnant women.
“The antibodies generated by the flu shot will also circulate to the baby during pregnancy and protect the baby in early life.”
Texas Newborn Screening Program
Often referred to as the heelstick because blood is taken from the babys heel, these panels screen for diseases that range from common, such as sickle cell or cystic fibrosis, to much less common, such as phenylketonuria or congenital hypothyroidism. As of 2015, Texas program includes 53 diseases on its panel.
The first test is performed 24 to 48 hours after birth, and a second at one to two weeks at the pediatric care providers office. As with any screen, the goal is to find as many babies at risk as possible. When we detect these conditions early, it allows us to provide appropriate medical care such as altering the diet or providing medicine.
Its important to keep in mind that a positive screen will need to be confirmed with more specific testing.
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Alternate Names For Vaccinations
Vaccinations may also be called:
- Injections or shots
Most vaccinations are given as a shot. However, the rotavirus vaccine is given by mouth through liquid drops.
Most likely, your baby has already received a few vaccinations at birth and their 2-month-old check-up. The following are recommended for their 6-month check-up.
Bcg And Routine Immunisations
Your baby can start their routine immunisations at 8 weeks of age regardless of when they have their BCG. You should make sure that your baby is not given another injection in the same arm as the BCG for at least 3 months afterwards otherwise the glands in that area may swell.
Make sure that there is a record of the BCG vaccination in your childs Personal Child Health Record for future reference.
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Benefits Of The Hepatitis B Vaccine
The main benefit of the vaccine is its effectiveness. The AAP note that if doctors give the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of the babys delivery, it is 75 to 95 percent effective in preventing the passage of hepatitis B from the birth mother to the baby.
If the newborn also receives the medication hepatitis B immune globulin at the correct time and a series of follow-up vaccines, the AAP estimate that the infection rate drops to between 0.7 and 1.1 percent.
For the best possible protection, the baby will need to complete the full series of vaccines.
state that the vaccine is very safe. The full series of the vaccine provides the highest possible level of protection from the infection.
Some people still express concern about the safety of vaccination. The reasons for this worry may vary.
Part of the fear may be due to older research. For example, a 2009 study indicated an association between the Engerix B vaccine, a specific type of hepatitis B vaccine, and an increased risk of damage to the central nervous system later in life.
However, the researchers note that this was the exception, not the rule. They also highlight the need for more studies to validate this finding.
On the whole, their research indicates that hepatitis B vaccination generally does not increase the risk of damage to the CNS.
The majority of research indicates that hepatitis B vaccines are a safe and effective way to prevent the infection.