Saturday, September 23, 2023

When Do Puppies Need Vaccinations

When To Start Puppy Vaccinations

Pet Advice: Vaccinating Puppies and Kittens

In general, a puppy should start vaccines as soon as you get the puppy and then every three weeks until approximately four months of age when it will receive the final round. Generally, if the puppy’s mother has a healthy immune system, it will most likely receive antibodies in the mother’s milk while nursing. After a puppy has been weaned off of the mother’s milk, vaccinations should begin.

Which Dog Vaccines Are Essential

When you discuss shots for puppies with a vet, you’ll learn about many different vaccines, some of which are important and essential, while others are optional. Also, talk to the vet about your cost concerns, because some may work within your budget.

The below diseases are what most puppies are usually vaccinated for:

  • Bordetella Bronchiseptica
  • Rabies

Do All Puppies Have Worms

Intestinal parasites are very common in puppies. Puppies can become infected with some types of intestinal worms before they are born or later through their mother’s milk. Microscopic examination of a stool sample will usually help your veterinarian to determine the presence of most intestinal parasites. This exam is recommended for all puppies, especially during their first few veterinary visits.

“The routine use of a deworming medication that is safe and effective against several of the common worms is recommended…”

Even if a stool sample is not obtained, the routine use of use of a deworming medication that is safe and effective against several of the common worms of the dog is recommended. This protocol is followed because 1) deworming medication has little, if any, side effects and 2) your puppy does not pass worm eggs every day so the stool sample may not detect worms that are present, but not shedding eggs. Additionally, some of these intestinal parasites can be transmitted to humans. It is important that the deworming is repeated because it only kills the adult worms.

“Within three to four weeks, the larval stages of the intestinal parasites will become adults and need to be removed.”

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Video Answer: How To Vaccinate Your Dog At Home

It is common for pets to experience some or all of the following mild side effects after receiving a vaccine, usually starting within hours of the vaccination.

Discomfort and local swelling at the vaccination site.

Mild fever.

Check with your vet, because different vets use different vaccines, but most vaccines are fully effective one week after the final shot.

So if you are in the UK and your puppy’s final vaccine is given at 12 weeks, he can usually go and play on the ground in public places at 13 weeks.

Vaccinating your pet not only protects him from getting rabies, it protects him if he bites someone.

Dogs who have bitten humans are required to be confined for at least 10 days to see if rabies develops, and if the animal’s vaccination records are not current, a lengthy quarantine or even euthanasia may be mandated.

ideally you should allow your dog out only after two weeks since his final vaccination.

bathe your puppy before taking him to the vet to get his shots.

he can’t get any more baths within one week after his shots because it will greatly stress him out.

ideally you should allow your dog out only after two weeks since his final vaccination.

bathe your puppy before taking him to the vet to get his shots.

he can’t get any more baths within one week after his shots because it will greatly stress him out.

bathe your puppy before taking him to the vet to get his shots.

Vaccinatable Conditions Of Dogs

Puppy Vaccinations You Need to Know

The core vs. non-core category of each vaccine is provided below for guidance, but the situation can be different for every dog and every situation. Your veterinarian is your best resource for helping to determine which vaccines your new pup would benefit from, and when. They are the only ones who have the medical training and understanding, as well as the first-hand knowledge of your dog and home/environmental situation necessary to best guide you.

Not all vaccines can completely prevent infection and disease, but even if they dont completely prevent infection, they will at least minimize the effects of infection and often shorten the course of the infection.

Note that some of the vaccinatable conditions of dogs listed below can be zoonotic, meaning that they can also infect and cause disease in people.

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Why Routine Puppy Shots Shouldnt Be Routine

As we know, puppies are given a series of several vaccinations, spaced two to four weeks apart.

This is pretty standard practice and weve come to believe that a series of puppy shots is necessary for them to be protected. But this simply isnt true.

It takes only one vaccine for a puppy to be protected.

So why are puppies vaccinated three or four times instead of just once?

How Often Do Dogs Need Shots

When getting vaccinated, your dog will first need his initial doses when hes young.

Puppies need to receive their first vaccinations between 68 weeks of age, Dr. Whittenburg said. Dogs require vaccination as puppies and then, depending on the product used and local laws, yearly to every three years as adults.

So after your dog receives the initial doses of his vaccines, hell need to get booster shots every one to three years to keep him safe as his protection fades over time.

Sometimes he might even need them more frequently than that, depending on the brand of vaccine he received and his risk of contracting the disease youre protecting him against.

So while theres no universal puppy vaccination schedule, you can chat with your vet to find out which shots your dog needs, when hes eligible for them and how long before he needs another dose.

Every dog is different, and I recommend working with your veterinarian to determine which vaccines your dog needs and how often, Dr. Whittenburg said. Regional prevalence of certain diseases as well as the dog’s lifestyle should be considered.

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What Diseases Do The Usual Vaccinations Protect Against

Parvovirus: Parvovirus is a highly infectious disease that is often fatal and is very costly to treat. It is spread through contaminated faeces of affected dogs, and can remain active in the environment for anything up to nine months. The virus causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea which leads to a dog or puppy becoming very weak and dehydrated. The disease is more prevalent in certain parts of the country than others, so vaccination frequency advice may vary.

here for more information on prevention, symptoms and treatment of parvovirus.

Canine distemper: This virus is spread by an infected dogs saliva and occasionally urine, and is normally contracted through direct contact. Initial symptoms include fever, eye and nose discharge, poor appetite and coughing. As the disease progresses, it can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and the skin on the paw pads to become hardened. In later stages, the central nervous system can be affected, causing symptoms such as seizures, limb weakness and imbalance. Serious cases can be fatal, and if a dog recovers it may suffer fits and ongoing health problems. There is no medicinal cure, only prevention. Dogs with the virus will be given supportive care to help their bodies fight the virus and treated with fluids to prevent dehydration and medication to help control seizures.

here for more information on prevention, symptoms and treatment of canine distemper.

Canine parainfluenza:

Are There Any Other Vaccines My Dog Might Need

Puppy Vaccination Day

Kennel cough: Kennel cough is not usually dangerous, but can be a nuisance. Some of the viruses which can contribute to kennel cough are included in a dogs core vaccines, but the actual cause is a bacterium, and a separate vaccination is available for this. Its likely that youll need this if your dog is going into kennels. It has to be given into the nose and is only protective for six months.

here for more information about kennel cough.

Rabies: Although rabies is not a required vaccine for dogs in the UK, it is if youre planning on taking your dog on holiday with you to another EU country. Your dog will need to be at least 12 weeks old and already microchipped to have the jab. The injection is a requirement, among others, of getting a Pet Passport, which allows you to take your dog to another EU country and bring him or her back to the UK.

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Are Vaccines Necessary For My Indoor Dog

For dogs there are 2 core vaccines that important for dogs whether they are indoor or outdoor dogs. They are the combo shot that includes Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza and Parvo and the Rabies vaccine. The first Rabies vaccine will be a 1-yr vaccine, but thereafter dogs can receive a 3-yr Rabies vaccine.

In addition, we recommend vaccinating against Bordetella for our canine patients that go outside for walks or to grooming or boarding facilities, etc. Dogs that rarely contact other dogs probably do not need vaccination for Bordetella, but dogs that go to daycare, grooming, or boarding facilities should be vaccinated for Bordetella.

When Should My Puppy Be Vaccinated

There are many fatal diseases that can affect dogs. Fortunately, your veterinarian has the ability to prevent several of these by vaccinating your puppy. In order to be effective, these vaccines must be given as a series of timely injections. Ideally, they are given at about 6 to 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age, but the recommended vaccines and schedule of injections may vary depending on your pet’s individual needs.

“The core vaccination schedule will protect your puppy from several common diseases…”

The core vaccination schedule will protect your puppy from several common diseases: distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, and rabies. The first three are generally included in one injection that is given at 6 to 8, 12, and 16 weeks old. Some puppies will receive and additional booster vaccination at 20 weeks of age. Rabies vaccine is given at 12 to 16 weeks of age. Other optional vaccinations are appropriate in certain situations. These may include Bordetella, Lyme, and Leptospirosis vaccines if there are risks of those particular diseases based on your geographic location and your family’s lifestyle. Your veterinarian will help you determine which vaccines are recommended for your pet based off of your lifestyle.

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What Is Maternal Immunity

Newborn animals have not yet had a chance to make their own immunity so they need protection against infections present in their environment. They receive this immunity from their mother, as maternal antibodies. Part of this passive immunity is transferred across the placenta while the pup is still in the uterus, but most of it is transferred in the first milk or colostrum.

“This maternal immunity is only temporary.”

This maternal immunity is only temporary. It declines steadily over the first few weeks of life and is largely gone by twelve weeks. The rate of decline is variable, depending on many factors.

Does My Dog’s Lifestyle Factor Into What Vaccinations My Veterinarian Will Recommend

Puppy Vaccines 101: What You Need to Know  Puppy Buddy

For the most part, there’s a core set of vaccines that we recommend for all dogsparvo, distemper, rabies. But there are some other vaccines, depending on whether the dog goes to dog parks or to boarding a lot. With dogs like this, I’m going to recommend Bordetella, which is kennel cough, and we may also recommend the flu vaccine. There is a vaccine for leptospirosis, and that is also a zoonotic disease. It’s transmitted through the urine of wildlife, rats especially.

If you live in a high rise, the chances of being exposed are much less, but many dogs can be exposed to lepto. But there, again, it just kind of depends on the dog’s lifestyle as to which other vaccines we’re going to recommend.

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What Should I Do After My Puppy’s Had Their Injections

Its important that you keep your puppy well rested after their injections as their immune system will be working harder than normal.

If you feel theyre not back to their normal selves within 24 hours, contact your vet for advice.

Its crucial you make sure you have the right vaccination schedule in place for your new puppy, as dog vaccination is one of the most important preventative healthcare measures you can take. As soon as you bring your new puppy home, it’s vital that you speak to your vet and to ensure they have the right vaccinations at the right time.

  • Puppyhood

What Are Dog Vaccines And Why Are They Important

Vaccines help prepare a dog’s immune system to defend itself from any invasion of disease-causing organisms. Vaccines contain antigens, which mimic disease-causing organisms in a dog’s immune system, but don’t actually cause disease. The purpose of puppy vaccines and dog vaccines is to mildly stimulate the immune system by having it recognize the antigens present. This way, if a dog becomes exposed to the real disease, it’s immune system will recognize it, and therefore be prepared to fight it off, or at the least reduce its effects.

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The Concept Of Core Versus Non

  • “CORE” vaccines: Some infectious diseases of dogs are so common, debilitating and devastating, easily spread, and/or are able to be spread to people that their vaccination against them are deemed of critical importance for all dogs, regardless of their geographic location, lifestyle, etc. These include Distemper, Parvo, Canine Infectious Hepatitis, and Rabies. The vaccines protecting against these conditions are known as the core vaccines. The first three are often administered as the combination DA2P shot.
  • “NON-CORE” vaccines: On the other hand, there are diseases/conditions for which there are vaccines, but either because of their limited geographic distribution , lesser severity, specific lifestyle risk factors, or other reasons, they are not automatically always recommended for every dog. These typically include Lepto, Lyme disease, Influenza , Kennel Cough, and Parainfluenza. The vaccines that protect against these diseases are called the non-core vaccines. While theyre not necessarily needed by all dogs, they can be extremely beneficial to many dogs and in many situations.
  • Not typically recommended: Then there are the vaccines that just dont work very well, are associated with more severe side effects, or the diseases they protect against just typically aren’t severe enough to be recommended for use in general.

Why Do I Need To Vaccinate My Puppy

Vaccinating Your Dog- Does Your Dog Need Vaccinating?

There are many harmful diseases that can affect your puppy from an early age we strongly recommend that you fully understand the timings and need for these important vaccinations.

Many puppies will have already received an initial vaccination when you pick them up from a breeder or a rescue centre. You should always check your pets vaccination history in advance and ensure that you are provided with paperwork for their vaccinations.

If you are unsure about your puppys vaccination history, it is best to speak to your vet rather than assume that they are covered. Your vet will recommend the best approach to ensure your puppy isnt left vulnerable.

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Puppy Vaccination Schedule Australia

Puppies should follow an immunisation schedule devised by a veterinarian as it depends on where you live in Australia and other risk factors.

Below is the generally accepted guideline of puppy vaccination schedule in Australia during the first year.

Puppys Age
C5 C3 + Parainfluenza virus & Bordetella virus
Annually Annual Canine Cough vaccination & C5 Booster

The adult vaccination cycle will pick up at this point. When your puppy grows up, she should have an annual Kennel Cough vaccination and a C3 vaccination every three years. Your veterinarian may recommend a C5 vaccination annually as well.

What Are C3 C4 C5 C6 And C7

Often, veterinarians give vaccinations for certain viruses or diseases at the same time. Its good for a puppys owner to know the abbreviations for those vaccinations and know why some are combined in assigned ways.

  • C3 = Parvovirus, distemper and infectious hepatitis .
  • C4 = C3 + Parainfluenza virus vaccine.
  • C5 = C3 + Parainfluenza virus & Bordetella virus vaccines.
  • C6 = C4 + Leptospirosis & Coronavirus vaccines
  • C7 = C5 + Leptospirosis + Coronavirus vaccines

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Do Puppies Need All These Vaccines


As a pet parent, you may feel overwhelmed by the number of new puppy shots for the furry friend you’ve welcomed into your family. You also may be wondering, what shots do puppies need, and why?

Vaccines protect your pup from infectious diseases, like rabies and kennel cough, by building up his immunity.

“Immunity is a complex series of defense mechanisms by which an animal is able to resist a disease or infection, or at least resist the harmful consequences of the infection,” says VCA Animal Hospitals. Vaccines, discovered by Dr. Edward Jenner in the late eighteenth century and later developed by Louis Pasteur in the late nineteenth century, protect animals from infectious organisms that contain antigens by providing immunity.

Since vaccines expose your pup to the disease for the first time, it gives him time to build up antigens to fight it off, ensuring that his immune system will react more quickly to that particular disease in the future. No vaccine is 100 percent guaranteed there always is a chance your puppy still may acquire an illness. Vaccinating your dog goes a long way to help keep your pup healthy and happy as he grows.

Puppy Shots & How They Work

Puppy Vaccinations: What Do They Need?

As with human vaccines, dog vaccinations are designed to prevent your dog from becoming sick. Vaccinations provide limited or permanent immunity from infectious and deadly diseases that can affect your dogs quality of life, and your human familys health as well.

Vaccines are effective because they contain infectious agents designed to mimic microorganisms that cause diseases. Once injected into the body, the agent stimulates the dogs immune system. The puppys body sees the agent as a threat, attacks it, and then remembers it so it can fight the disease off in the future if exposed to it.

It can take around seven days for a puppys body to respond to a vaccine and develop immunity, and it is best to have your dog vaccinated when she is healthy. A sick puppys immune system is compromised and less effective in developing immunity to microorganisms. Vaccines are not cures for diseases, but a means to prevent them.

Once you have your puppy vaccinated, you will need to keep her vaccinations updated. That way, your puppy will remain healthy as she grows and develops into an adult. As such, you should take your puppy to a veterinarian for a yearly checkup and to begin and then retain a vaccination program. The types and number of vaccinations your dog will receive depend on the puppys age, habits, environment, medical background, and lifestyle.

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