My Pet May Have Rabies
If you suspect your pet already has rabies:
- put your pet in a quiet, dark area by itself
- call your veterinarian right away.
- keep your pet away from people or other animals
- if your pet has bitten you or another person, call your local public health unit
If you suspect your pethas come into contact with a rabid animal, call your local veterinarian.
He or she will ask for information to help determine if your pet may have been exposed.
Your veterinarian may vaccinate your pet within 7 days if:
- he or she finds that your pet may have been exposed to rabies
- the animal your pet was exposed to cant be found and tested for rabies
- tests show the animal your pet was exposed to does have rabies
Ways Rabies Vaccination Can Harm Your Dog
There are countless ways rabies vaccination can harm your dog often permanently. Im going to tell you about just 65 of those ways below.
As a holistic veterinarian, our outdated rabies vaccination laws are one of the things that upset me the most. All over the US and in most of Canada, the law requires you to vaccinate your dog against rabies every three years. In most US states your dogs first rabies vaccine must be a one year shot, with revaccination every three years after that.
None of these laws take into account the real duration of immunity of rabies vaccines, Studies by Ronald Schultz PhD show that rabies vaccines protects for a minimum of 7 years and probably for the life of the animal.
And neither do the thousands of veterinarians in the US who are still vaccinating annually for rabies. They do this despite the fact that annual vaccination is neither required by law nor recommended by the American Animal Hospital Association Guidelines.
Can Kennel Cough Be Prevented
A vaccine is available for the bordetella bacterium, which is the most common agent to cause kennel cough. Dogs who are frequently boarded, visit doggie day care, compete in canine sports, or otherwise are exposed to large groups of dogs may benefit from the vaccine, and many training, boarding, and daycare facilities require proof of vaccination. The vaccine is available in oral, intranasal, and injectable forms, and depending on the form, it is usually initially given in two doses two to four weeks apart, followed by a booster every six months to a year.
Although most cases of kennel cough are caused by bordetella, some are caused by other agents, including the bacteria bordetella bronchiseptica, canine adenovirus type 2, canine parainfluenza virus, canine respiratory coronavirus, and mycoplasmas, so the vaccine may not prevent your dog from catching the disease.
If you notice your pet coughing or if you plan to introduce your dog to large groups of animals, speak with your veterinarian.
Its helpful to have financial plan in should should your pet become ill or injured suddenly. Learn about AKC Pet Insurance and the AKC Visa card.
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Rabies Vaccine Legislation Vs Licencing
Age of vaccination is definitely something to think about and different vaccines are licensed for use at different ages and with different protocols. The answer really depends on the vaccine given. Also, depending on which country you’re in and which state you’re in then there are different legislative requirements which detail when rabies vaccination must be given.
These two timings aren’t always the same. The vaccine license doesn’t always tie in with the state legislation.
So it might be that a vaccine can be given earlier, and it actually maybe beneficial to give it earlier, but then the state legislation requires that a vaccine is actually given a little bit later. So that may mean that you decide to give a pet more vaccines then they may strictly need just to cover that early risk while they’re young and also the legislative requirements as well.
What Vaccines A 68 Week Old Puppy Might Get:
- CORE: DA2P Combination shot protecting against Distemper, Adenovirus , and “Parvo.” This vaccine may be administered as a DA2PP, which is the same thing, but also includes protection against Parainfluenza .
- NON-CORE: Bordetella The initial vaccine can be given at this age if necessary or desired, depending on the type of vaccine used .
- NON-CORE: Canine Influenza Virus There are two different canine flu vaccines available, each protecting against a different strain of dog flu. When needed, a dog can receive this vaccine starting at either 6 or 8 weeks of age, depending on which of the vaccines they are receiving. Either way, a booster is needed 24 or 3 weeks later, again depending on which vaccine they are receiving, for the best protection.
Where your puppy can usually go and what they can usually do after this 68 week vaccine visit:
Socialization of puppies is critically important for their emotional and behavioral development, and it isn’t just about them being “social” with other dogs or even people. There are many “non-social” things that young puppies need to be properly exposed to early on. Check out our Pupstanding App with its fun, easy-to-use checklist to help socialize your pup.
912 weeks of ageDepending on your puppy’s age when you first got them, this may be their first visit to your veterinarian or their second. Either way, it’s an important visit.
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Vaccinatable Conditions Of Dogs
The core vs. non-core category of each vaccine is provided below for guidance, but the situation can be different for every dog and every situation. Your veterinarian is your best resource for helping to determine which vaccines your new pup would benefit from, and when. They are the only ones who have the medical training and understanding, as well as the first-hand knowledge of your dog and home/environmental situation necessary to best guide you.
Not all vaccines can completely prevent infection and disease, but even if they dont completely prevent infection, they will at least minimize the effects of infection and often shorten the course of the infection.
Note that some of the vaccinatable conditions of dogs listed below can be zoonotic, meaning that they can also infect and cause disease in people.
Why Is The Same Amount Of Vaccine Given To A Small Dog And A Large Dog
Vaccination doses are the same for all dogs, regardless of size. When these vaccines are tested, all dogs in the test group receive the same dose of vaccine and have been proven safe for dogs of all sizes at the recommended dosage. Smaller doses of vaccine may not adequately protect small pets. In addition, there is no evidence that smaller doses of vaccinations are associated with a decreased likelihood of vaccine reactions.
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How Often Do Dogs Need Rabies Shots
Your dog will be able to get his rabies vaccine when hes just a few months old.
Dogs need to be at least 12 weeks old to receive their first rabies vaccine, Dr. Bustamante said. Dogs get their first rabies vaccine at approximately 16 weeks old.
But one shot wont be enough to fully vaccinate your dog against rabies hell need boosters periodically for the rest of his life.
Dogs do need rabies boosters every one to three years depending on veterinarian discretion and state regulations, Dr. Bustamante said.
For more information on your states rabies regulations, visit the CDCs directory of rabies consultation contacts.
Staying on top of your dogs rabies boosters isnt just important for protecting him proof of up-to-date vaccination could be required for him to travel, go to doggy day care or work with a trainer.
So dont just get your dog vaccinated for rabies because its the law. Do it for his safety and yours.
How Often You Should Get Your Dog Vaccinated
The most important thing about dog vaccination frequency is that it varies depending on the vaccine.
So, if youre trying to figure out how many shots your dog needs and how often he needs them, make sure you talk to your vet.
With the DA2P vaccine, for example, youre going to get your puppy a dose of the vaccine once every three weeks until hes 16 to 18 weeks old, according to Dr. Lyon.
The reason for that is because of maternal antibodies, Dr. Lyon explained. The most important dose that the dog gets is that 16 weeks of age dose. The reason thats probably the most important dose is because thats when we can comfortably assume that … the protection that the dog got from its mother has actually gone away, and is no longer eating up the vaccine that were giving.
So that final dose during the puppy stage given around the 16- to 18-week mark is the one thats actually going to provide the immunity to distemper, adenovirus 2 and parvovirus.
From there, youre going to need specific instructions from your vet about how often your dog should be getting his boosters to maintain that immunity.
And those instructions are going to be different depending on exactly which vaccine your pup is getting, so you cant just assume that the process is the same across the board.
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Rabies Vaccinations For Dogs And Cats Are Required By Law
Rabies Symptoms In Dogs
Rabies affects your pups central nervous system, which can cause some pretty serious behavioral and physical symptoms.
When dogs get rabies, the virus affects their neurological system, causing them to have changes in behavior, Dr. Bustamante said.
Symptoms of rabies in dogs include:
Rabies is so tragic because its fatal in nearly every infected animal.
There is no treatment for dogs with rabies, and almost all of the infected animals die from the disease, Dr. Bustamante said.
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What Are Dog Vaccines And Why Are They Important
Vaccines help prepare a dog’s immune system to defend itself from any invasion of disease-causing organisms. Vaccines contain antigens, which mimic disease-causing organisms in a dog’s immune system, but don’t actually cause disease. The purpose of puppy vaccines and dog vaccines is to mildly stimulate the immune system by having it recognize the antigens present. This way, if a dog becomes exposed to the real disease, it’s immune system will recognize it, and therefore be prepared to fight it off, or at the least reduce its effects.
Preparations Authorized For Use In Canada
- IMOVAXÂ®Rabies . Sanofi Pasteur Ltd.
- RABAVERTÂ® , Bavarian Nordic A/S
- IMOGAMÂ®Rabies Pasteurized , Sanofi Pasteur Ltd.
- HYPERRABÂ®S/D , Grifols Therapeutics Inc.
- HyperRABÂ®, Grifols Therapeutics LLC.*
- KamRABTM , Kamada Ltd.*
- * NACI has not yet deliberated on the use of KamRABâ¢ or HyperRABÂ®. NACI will review these immunizing agents and update the chapter in due course. For information regarding the use of these immunizing agents in the interim, please refer to the product monograph available through Health Canada’s Drug Product Database.
RabIg is a solution of anti-rabies Ig for IM administration, prepared from the pooled human plasma of screened donors immunized with rabies vaccine. RabIg is available on an emergency basis through local public health officials.
For complete prescribing information, consult the product leaflet or information contained within the product monograph available through the Health Canada’s Drug Product Database. Refer to Contents of Immunizing Agents Authorized for Use in Canada in Part 1 for a list of vaccines and passive immunizing agents authorized for use in Canada and their contents.
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Puppy Shots: Vaccines Your Puppy Needs And When
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The places your new puppy is allowed to go, and the other pups and people they can meet along the way is influenced, in part, by what vaccines theyve had. So, we’ve put together this overview of the “shots” that puppies should have during their first several months of life and the why and when.
Take a peek and discuss with your veterinarian to ensure that your pup is as protected as they can be from the conditions that can sicken or cause them harm.
Simultaneous Administration With Other Vaccines
Data are not available regarding the concurrent administration of rabies vaccines with other vaccines. Based on expert opinion, live vaccines given by nasal or oral route and essential inactivated vaccines, may be administered at the same time as rabies vaccines. Vaccines should be provided at different injection sites using separate needles and syringes.
If rabies immunoglobulin is administered, this may interfere with the response to live vaccines. Refer to Blood Products, Human Immunoglobulin and Timing of Immunizations, and Timing of Vaccine Administration chapters in Part 1.
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The Concept Of Core Versus Non
- “CORE” vaccines: Some infectious diseases of dogs are so common, debilitating and devastating, easily spread, and/or are able to be spread to people that their vaccination against them are deemed of critical importance for all dogs, regardless of their geographic location, lifestyle, etc. These include Distemper, Parvo, Canine Infectious Hepatitis, and Rabies. The vaccines protecting against these conditions are known as the core vaccines. The first three are often administered as the combination DA2P shot.
- “NON-CORE” vaccines: On the other hand, there are diseases/conditions for which there are vaccines, but either because of their limited geographic distribution , lesser severity, specific lifestyle risk factors, or other reasons, they are not automatically always recommended for every dog. These typically include Lepto, Lyme disease, Influenza , Kennel Cough, and Parainfluenza. The vaccines that protect against these diseases are called the non-core vaccines. While theyre not necessarily needed by all dogs, they can be extremely beneficial to many dogs and in many situations.
- Not typically recommended: Then there are the vaccines that just dont work very well, are associated with more severe side effects, or the diseases they protect against just typically aren’t severe enough to be recommended for use in general.
Learn To Recognize Adverse Reactions
Short-term reactions include vomiting, facial swelling, fever, lethargy, circulatory shock, loss of consciousness and even death. Reactions occurring days or months after vaccination can be difficult to recognize. They include:
- Fibrocarcinomas at the injection site
- Behavioral changes
If you suspect a health or behavior problem may be connected to a vaccine, you may have to convince your vet. Its common to hear it couldnt be the shot or a reaction like that is impossible. Even the drugs manufacturer (to whom you should immediately report the reaction giving them the brand and lot# may deny the connection.
Insist on seeing the products package insert, viewable on-line or from your vet. Also know that long-term reactions arent usually documented or even studied.
Note: a vaccine reaction, especially one supported by your vet, may entitle you to compensation for medical expenses from the drug manufacturer.
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Vaccines For Your Dog
canine-vaccines.pdf < —- Click here for a .pdf handout
Every dog is unique and Ellington Center Animal Clinic takes your dogs lifestyle into account when we recommend vaccines. Not every pet should receive every available vaccine. Talk with our veterinarians and decide which vaccines are right for your pet.
While vaccines are a very important part of good health, routine physical exams are the BEST strategy to keep your pet healthy.
Side Effects Of Dog Vaccinations
If youre hesitant about getting your dog vaccinated, its probably because you’re worried that he might have a bad reaction.
But according to Dr. Lyon, hes likely to only see super mild effects that come from stimulating your immune system if any.
These include things like:
Those just normal effects of immunostimulation, Dr. Lyon said. Thats different from a true hypersensitivity reaction.
Hypersensitivity or allergic reactions are far less common, but can happen very occasionally.
If your dog is having a more severe reaction, it could include things like:
- Swollen face
- Tumor formation at the injection site
While those things sound scary, its important to remember they are much, much less common.
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Scheduling An Appointment For Dog Vaccinations
A puppy vaccination schedule should be established during your first veterinarian visit, which should take place within a week of receiving your new puppy. An adult dog vaccination schedule, which includes periodic booster immunizations, can be scheduled after the puppy vaccination schedule has been completed, or immediately upon welcoming an adolescent or adult dog into your family.
As with any other immunization protocol, a dog vaccination schedule should be adhered to without deviation, in order to ensure your canine companion remains healthy, happy and well for the duration of his or her life. Schedule an appointment for your canine companion to receive their vaccinations today.
Congratulations On The New Edition To Your Family Certain Diseases May Be Prevented By Vaccination A Protected Response Is What The Veterinarian Is Aiming For When Vaccinating Your Puppy By Boosting The Immune System To Produce Antibodies And Neutralize Infectious Organisms Before They Have A Chance To Induce Disease This Is Achieved Through A Schedule Involving Vaccines
Ideally the standard schedule is at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age .Variations to a schedule become necessary when, for instance, a puppy is vaccinated at 8 weeks of age, then does not visit the veterinarian again until 16 weeks of age. A minimum of two injections approximately 3-4 weeks apart with the last injection occurring at greater than 12 weeks of age is necessary.
6-8 weeks of age
- 1st physical examination
- 1st DA2PPCV Distemper, Adenovirus type 2, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus, and Coronavirus.
- Fecal analysis for parasites
Annual Adult Vaccination
After the third booster your pet will not be due for another vaccination until a year later.
It is recommended to have your dog vaccinated on an annual basis as well as a fecal analysis for intestinal parasites.
Heartworms are large roundworms that live in the right ventricle . Heartworms survive on nutrients which they take from the dogs bloodstream. Heartworms can grow to a length of 15-30 centimetres, and in severe cases a dog may be infested with hundreds of worms.
Damage can occur to the heart, lungs and liver as well as obstruction of blood flow resulting from this infestation. Eventually, fluid may build up in the lungs and restrict the dogs breathing. When damage to the internal organs is severe enough, death may be the result.
Please talk to our doctor about customizing a plan to protect your dog against this preventable disease.
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