Q: What Is The Risk Of Using A Hand Sanitizer That Contains Methanol Or 1
A: Methanol exposure can result in nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred vision, permanent blindness, seizures, coma, permanent damage to the nervous system or death. Although people using these products on their hands are at risk for methanol poisoning, young children who accidentally swallow these products and adolescents and adults who drink these products as an alcohol substitute are most at risk.
Swallowing or drinking a hand sanitizer with 1-propanol can result in decreased breathing and heart rate, among other serious symptoms, and can lead to death. Hand sanitizer with 1-propanol contamination can irritate your skin . Although it is rare, some people have reported allergic skin reactions. Learn more about methanol and 1-propanol toxicities.
What Side Effects Will My Child Experience From The Covid
Side effects in children 5 to 11 years of age were similar to what has been found in other age groups, including pain at the injection site, fatigue, headache, fever, chills, muscle pain, or joint pain. However, side effects tended to be less frequent than in other age groups.
Because a small number of cases of myocarditis, or heart inflammation, have been identified in teens and young adults, particularly in the 4 days after receipt of the second dose of the vaccine, it will be important to monitor younger children for this potential side effect. Chest pain, shortness of breath, or related symptoms should be reported to a healthcare provider.
Other serious side effects have not been identified, nor have long-term effects. Find additional information:
Q: How Are People Tested For Covid
A: Most tests to diagnose COVID-19 require a swab of your nose, or the part of the throat behind the nose, by a health care provider. Some tests use saliva or other types of samples. For most FDA-authorized tests, the swab or sample must be sent to a lab for analysis. Some tests allow the patient to collect the sample at home and then send it to a lab for analysis. Some tests can be analyzed at the point-of-care, such as in a doctors office or health clinic. The FDA has also authorized some at-home tests that allow a person to collect their sample and run the test completely at home without sending anything to a lab. Some tests can be purchased online or in a store without a prescription, but they may not be available everywhere. Learn more about Coronavirus Disease 2019 Testing Basics.
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Is It Too Soon To Stop Masking Indoors
While the CDC and PDPH both offer a more reassuring risk assessment, some have expressed a different opinion and recommend waiting, most notably the President of the American Medical Association. These differing opinions remind us that we all have the opportunity to continue to mask indoors if we choose to.
What Are Cvst And Thrombocytopenia
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a condition that causes blood clots in large vessels that drain blood from the brain. Although it is uncommon, the condition more often affects women between 20 and 50 years of age.
Thrombocytopenia is low numbers of cells called platelets. Platelets are cells that help our blood clot. When a person has this condition, they are at risk for bleeding since their body lacks the ability to efficiently stop the bleeding.
It is very uncommon for CVST and thrombocytopenia to occur at the same time, which is what makes this diagnosis following receipt of the J& J vaccine so unusual. Likewise, the clots have not just occurred in the large vessels near the brain in some of the affected individuals.
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What Are The Ingredients Of Pfizers Covid
We asked experts to help us decode the contents.
Facebook said on December 3 that it would remove posts with false claims or conspiracy theories about whats in the covid-19 vaccines that everyones counting on.
In the face of rumors suggesting that Bill Gates has installed tracking microchips in the shots, or that the inoculations contain luciferase, a glowing chemical from fireflies whose name makes some people think of the devil, the company suggested it would be policing such claims by making reference to the official vaccine ingredient list.
Whats actually on the official ingredient list? This week an elderly UK woman became the first person outside of a trial to get the newly approved vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech, and the US could greenlight the same inoculation as soon as Thursday, December 10. Along with the regulatory actions over the last week have come the most detailed disclosures yet of the new vaccines makeup.
Here, for instance, is what the US Food and Drug Administration says is in Pfizers vaccine:
- Active Ingredient
- nucleoside-modified messenger RNA encoding the viral spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2
Q: What Is The Fda Doing To Protect People From Products Making Fraudulent Covid
A: We have established a cross-agency team dedicated to closely monitoring for fraudulent COVID-19 products. In response to internet scammers, the FDA has taken and continues to take actions to stop those selling unapproved products that fraudulently claim to prevent, treat, diagnose or cure COVID-19. The FDA and the Federal Trade Commission issue warning letters to companies and individuals that are unlawfully selling unapproved products with fraudulent COVID-19 claims. The FDA also has taken enforcement action against certain sellers that continued to illegally market products for prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
Additionally, the FDA also has reached out to major retailers to ask for their help in monitoring online marketplaces for fraudulent COVID-19 products. You can report websites selling fraudulent medical products to the FDA through our website, by phone at 1-800-332-1088, or email to . Read more in the consumer update on fraudulent products.
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What Does A Not Detected Result Mean
A Not Detected result means that the virus that causes COVID-19 was not found in the evaluated saliva sample. However, it is possible for this test to give a negative result that is incorrect in some people infected with SARS-CoV-2. Some possible reasons for such a false negative result include:
Based on currently available data for the asymptomatic University community population, a negative result predicts a greater than 99% likelihood that the participant was not infected with SARS-CoV-2 at the time of sample collection. There is almost a 0% probability of having COVID-19 with consecutive negative results. The Penn Cares program helps minimizes the impact of false negative results by using recurring scheduled testing, which is why the University requires participants to comply with screening requirements.
Q: Is The Monoclonal Antibody Actemra Approved For The Treatment Of Covid
A: No. Actemra is not approved as a treatment for COVID-19. However, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for use of Actemra by healthcare providers for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults and pediatric patients who are receiving systemic corticosteroids and require supplemental oxygen, non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation, or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation .
Actemra is a monoclonal antibody that reduces inflammation by blocking the interleukin-6 receptor. In the case of COVID-19 infection, the immune system can become hyperactive, which may result in worsening of disease. Actemra does not directly target SARS-COV-2. Actemra is a prescription medication given by intravenous infusion that is FDA-approved for multiple inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis.
Monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19 may only be administered in settings in which health care providers have immediate access to medications to treat a severe infusion reaction, such as anaphylaxis, and have the ability to activate the emergency medical system , if necessary. Please speak with your doctor or contact your local or state public health department for more information.
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What Are The Ingredients In The Shingles Vaccines Are There Any Blood Fractions Cells Or Anything To Do With Blood Products Used In The Shingles Vaccine
What are the ingredients in the Shingles vaccines? Are there any blood fractions, cells, or anything to do with blood products used in the shingles vaccine?
The Canadian Immunization Guide provides a list of ingredients for all approved vaccines in Canada. The product monograph includes vaccine ingredients and is available through Health Canada’s Drug Product Database. The shingles vaccines do not contain human or animal cells or tissues. Read more about vaccine ingredients here.
Q: How Is The Fda Helping Ensure That Ventilators Are Available For Patients Who Need Them
A: The FDA continues to work with manufacturers and sponsors of ventilators and other respiratory support devices and accessories to help make these devices available through the Emergency Use Authorization process.
See Ventilators and Ventilator Accessories EUAs for more information about ventilators and ventilator accessories that have been granted an EUA during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Are There Any Covid
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Gelatin from pork and cow products is often used in vaccines to stabilize the drug’s ingredients and ensure they remain effective through the distribution process. The COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca do not use pork gelatin in their formulas, but there is widespread concern over vaccines from other companies, which have not released a list of their ingredients. Three of the companies that religious groups are concerned about most are Sinovac, Sinopharm, and CanSino Biologics, which have not released official statements about whether or not their products use pork-derived gelatin.Gamaleya Research Institute, Johnson & Johnson, Novavax, and Bektop have received limited approval for releasing their vaccines around the world, but have not noted whether or not they use gelatin in their formulas either. No other companies have declared that they are using pork products in their vaccines at this time though nearly all of them are still in the development, research and clinical trials phases.
Q: Can Pets Carry The Virus That Causes Covid
A: Although we know certain bacteria and fungi can be carried on fur and hair, there is no evidence that viruses, including the virus that causes COVID-19, can spread to people from the skin, fur, or hair of pets.
However, because animals can sometimes carry other germs that can make people sick, its always a good idea to practice healthy habits around pets and other animals, including washing hands before and after interacting with them and especially after cleaning up their waste.
Do not wipe or bathe your pet with chemical disinfectants, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or other products, such as hand sanitizer, counter-cleaning wipes, or other industrial or surface cleaners. If you have questions about appropriate products for bathing or cleaning your pet, talk to your veterinarian. If your pet gets hand sanitizer on their skin or fur, rinse or wipe down your pet with water immediately. If your pet ingests hand sanitizer or is showing signs of illness after use, contact your veterinarian or pet poison control immediately.
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Q: What Is The Fdas Role In Regulating Potential Treatments During A Public Health Emergency
A: The FDA carries out many activities to protect and promote public health during a public health emergency, including helping to accelerate the development and availability of potential treatments, protecting the security of drug supply chains, providing guidance to food and medical device manufacturers, advising developers on clinical trial issues, and keeping the public informed with authoritative health information.
The FDA is committed to supporting the development of new drugs, and the potential repurposing of existing drugs, to address COVID-19 by working with potential drug makers and sponsors to rapidly move products into clinical trials, helping to ensure that trials are properly designed and safe, and protecting the public from potentially unsafe products.
A: Yes, the FDA has approved Veklury for certain COVID-19 patients. Read more about the approval here.
Additionally, during public health emergencies, the FDA may in certain circumstances authorize use of unapproved drugs or unapproved uses of approved drugs for life-threatening conditions when there are no adequate, approved, and available options and other conditions are met. This is called an Emergency Use Authorization .
Q: Are Antibiotics Effective In Preventing Or Treating Covid
A: No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses they only work on bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not prevent or treat COVID-19, because COVID-19 is caused by a virus, not bacteria. Some patients with COVID-19 may also develop a bacterial infection, such as pneumonia. In that case, a health care professional may treat the bacterial infection with an antibiotic.
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When Am I Eligible To Receive A Booster Shot
According to the CDC, individuals are eligible for a booster five months after their second dose of a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine, or two months after receiving the Johnson and Johnson vaccine. Those who received a vaccine listed on the World Health Organizations emergency use listing are eligible for a Pfizer-BioNTech booster shot five months after completion of their vaccination series. For more information, visit the CDCs COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Shots website.
What Is Known About This Topic
The medical screening practices for blood donor eligibility after vaccination against several conventional infectious agents are well known to blood transfusion centres worldwide
For classic infectious agents, blood donation is contraindicated four weeks after a live attenuated vaccine injection
Other types of vaccines do not entail any risk of infection and do not justify any postponement.
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What’s In The Vaccine
Pfizer-BioNTech and Modernas COVID-19 vaccines are both mRNA vaccines, which use a copy of a natural chemical called mRNA to provoke the bodys immune response. When the immune response is activated, it protects the body from acquiring an infection.
The RNA is packaged in a similar manner in both vaccines, which requires the use of polyethylene glycol, the chemical suspected to induce allergic reactions in a few patients who had an allergic reaction to the Pfizer vaccine, Sanjeev Jain, MD, PhD, board-certified allergist and immunologist at Columbia Allergy based on the West Coast, tells Verywell.
While research determined polyethylene glycol a polymer or substance containing very large moleculesis safe for use, sensitivity is possible and can cause reactions.
People who are allergic to PEG or polysorbate should not get an mRNA vaccine, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .
Pfizer-BioNTechs vaccine contains:
- Sodium acetate
The vaccine primarily contains salts and stabilizers in the forms of sugars and lipids, which dont cause allergic reactions, Jain says.
Both vaccines are similar when it comes to ingredients. The primary difference between the two is that the packaging of the RNA in the Moderna vaccine allows for storage in a regular freezer, compared to ultra-cold freezers required for the storage of the Pfizer vaccine, Jain says.
Q: Am I At Risk For Serious Complications From Covid
A: Yes. Data shows that when compared to never smokers, cigarette smoking increases the risk of more severe illness from COVID-19, which could result in hospitalization, the need for intensive care, or even death. Smoking cigarettes can cause inflammation and cell damage throughout the body, and can weaken your immune system, making it less able to fight off disease.Theres never been a better time to quit smoking. If you need resources to help you quit smoking, the FDAs Every Try Counts campaign has supportive tips and tools to help you get closer to quitting for good.
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What Is The Difference Between Tts And Cvst
Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or TTS, is the name that has been given to the condition identified in a small number of individuals after receipt of the COVID-19 J& J/Janssen or AstraZeneca vaccines. TTS is distinct from cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, or CVST, because in TTS not all of the clots are associated with the large vessels of the brain. Some individuals had clots in their lungs, heart, intestines, spleen, or large blood vessels in their legs. However, CVST was originally used, and may still be used to refer to the condition by some individuals, because the original cases closely resembled this previously defined condition.
Should I Be Concerned The Vaccine Will Negatively Impact My Health
The safety of our students, faculty, staff, and postdocs are our highest priority. More than 1.6 billion vaccine doses have been administered worldwide. The risk of side effects from the vaccine is rare and outweighed by the risk of dying from COVID-19. In fact, the vaccines have been proven to be highly effective and safe. Very few recipients of the vaccine have developed COVID-19, and the vaccine has proven to be highly effective in preventing hospitalizations, death, and the spread of the virus.
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What Are The Types Of Vaccines
There are several types of vaccines:
- Live-attenuated vaccines use a weakened form of the germ
- Inactivated vaccines use a killed version of the germ
- Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines use only specific pieces of the germ, such as its protein, sugar, or casing
- Toxoid vaccines that use a toxin made by the germ
- mRNA vaccines use messenger RNA, which gives your cells instructions for how to make a protein of the germ
- Viral vector vaccines use genetic material, which gives your cells instructions for making a protein of the germ. These vaccines also contain a different, harmless virus that helps get the genetic material into your cells.
Vaccines work in different ways, but they all spark an immune response. The immune response is the way your body defends itself against substances it sees as foreign or harmful. These substances include germs that can cause disease.